Saad el-Shazly

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Saad El Shazly
Sahm2007 Shaz.jpg
During the October War.
Born (1922-04-01)1 April 1922
Basyoun, Gharbiya , Egypt
Died 10 February 2011(2011-02-10) (aged 88)
Cairo, Egypt
Allegiance  Egypt
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1942–1975
Rank EgyptianArmyInsignia-ColonelGeneral.svg Colonel General
Commands held Commander of the first Paratroops Battalion in Egypt (1955–1959)
Commander of the United Arab forces in UN mission to Congo (1960–1961)
Military attaché in London (1961–1963)
Commander of the 2nd Infantry Division (1965–1966)
Commander of the Special forces Corps (Commandos & Paratroopers) (1967–1969)
Commander in chief of the Third Field Army (1970–1971)
Chief of staff of the Egyptian armed forces
Battles/wars World War II
1948 Arab–Israeli War
Suez Crisis
Six-Day War
War of Attrition
Yom Kippur War

Saad Mohamed el-Husseiny el-Shazly (Arabic: سعد الدين محمد الحسينى الشاذلى‎, IPA: [sæʕd edˈdiːn elħoˈseːni eʃˈʃæzli])‎ (1 April 1922 – 10 February 2011)[1][2] was an Egyptian military commander. He was Egypt's chief of staff during the October War. Following his public criticism of the Camp David Accords, he was dismissed from his post as Ambassador to Britain and Portugal, then sent into exile in Algeria.

He is credited with the successful capture of the Israeli Bar-Lev line at the start of the 1973 war. He was dismissed from his post one week into the conflict.

Positions held and medals[edit]

  • Commander of the first Paratroops Battalion in Egypt (1955–1959)
  • Commander of the United Arab forces in UN mission to Congo (1960–1961)
  • Military attaché in London (1961–1963)
  • Commander of the 2nd Infantry Division (1965–1966)
  • Commander of the Special forces (Commandos & Paratroopers) Corps (1967–1969)
  • Commander in chief of the Red Sea Military Zone (1970–1971)
  • Ambassador to the UK
  • Ambassador to Portugal

Legacy[edit]

After leaving the army el-Shazly wrote his account of the 1973 war.[3]

After the 25 of January revolution in 2011 and removal of Mubarak from the Egyptian government, el-Shazly was honored by putting his name on the Egyptian Military Academy graduates of the year 2013.[4] He was also honored by naming a new highway connecting the Cairo ring road to Ismailia desert road that is being built by the armed forces engineers. Aljazeera documentary channel produced a film about his life in 2012-2013.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The International Who's Who 2004 - Europa Publications - Google Books. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  2. ^ "الأخبار العربية والعالمية – Yahoo! مكتوب". News.maktoob.com. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  3. ^ * Shazly, Lieutenant General Saad el (2003). The Crossing of the Suez, Revised Edition (Revised ed.). American Mideast Research. ISBN 0-9604562-2-8. 
  4. ^ http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/314737.aspx al-Ahram newspaper 28 February 2013

External links[edit]