St. Paul, Nebraska
|St. Paul, Nebraska|
St. Paul water tower, with image of baseball player
Location of St. Paul, Nebraska
|• Total||1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)|
|• Land||1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,814 ft (553 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,322|
|• Density||2,063.1/sq mi (796.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0833046|
St. Paul is located at (41.213709, -98.459881).
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,290 people, 989 households, and 590 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,063.1 inhabitants per square mile (796.6/km2). There were 1,093 housing units at an average density of 984.7 per square mile (380.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.1% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 989 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.3% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.00.
The median age in the city was 40.3 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,218 people, 935 households, and 584 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,083.8 people per square mile (807.9/km²). There were 1,020 housing units at an average density of 958.3 per square mile (371.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.37% White, 0.23% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.14% Asian, and 0.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.
There were 935 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $31,818, and the median income for a family was $43,571. Males had a median income of $32,051 versus $19,776 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,596. About 5.8% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.
St. Paul was founded by two young surveyors, James N. and Nicholas J. Paul, who had been surveying in Nebraska and the surrounding areas as the land opened to settlers. Struck by the beauty and the prospects of the Loup valley, they took out homesteads, successfully petitioned the state legislature to form a new county to be known as Howard County, and laid out the townsite. They brought the first settlers to the county in March 1871 and established the seat of government in St. Paul. Stillman Hazeltine put up the first building for a general store and town hall in the summer of 1871. That first building burned a few years later and the brick building which replaced it is still in use with his name and date 1871 on the front.
When the town was to be named, a committee collected the suggested names in a hat and the name Athens was drawn. Since an Athens already existed in the state, Nebraska Senator Phineas W. Hitchcock suggested the name St. Paul in honor of the Paul brothers who founded it. It officially became the county seat by vote in 1874 and was incorporated in 1881. The first mayor was E.F. Clapp.
During its first twenty years, Howard County was a typical western frontier with covered wagons, cowboys, huge cattle herds, rowdy railroad construction gangs, and Army detachments stationed within its borders. As settlers and the railroad extended north and west, the town of St. Paul served as an important trade center and quickly grew to a population of 2,000 residents. From 1882 until 1917, St. Paul was the home of Frank Iams, the nation's largest importer of European draft horses. Three-star General C.S. Irvine set record-shattering, long-distance flights in a B-29 shortly after World War II. Herbert Paul was Adjutant General of the Nebraska National Guard for 19 years.
St. Paul had a broom factory, canning factory, brick factory, cigar factory, two flour mills, hatchery and more. Through the years innovation like the first self-rising flour was developed at one of the flour mills. The first chicken hatchery in Nebraska started in Cushing in 1901, moved to St. Paul in 1922, and operated until 1956. Pirus, a cure for many kidney and liver ailments, was invented in St. Paul. Dorothy Lynch invented her famous salad dressing in St. Paul, which is now sold nationally.
The first two people executed in Nebraska's electric chair were sentenced for a murder they committed within Howard County.
Grover Cleveland Alexander, who was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame, was born on a farm in the area and retired to St. Paul at the end of his sports career. The American Legion baseball field was dedicated on June 15, 1971, and named after Alexander. Each year St. Paul honors Alexander with the celebration of Grover Cleveland Alexander (GCA) Days, the weekend following the 4th of July.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Grover Cleveland Alexander lived in St. Paul and is buried in Elmwood Cemetery, south of the city. An image of Alexander on St. Paul's water tower honors his legacy.
- Dorothy Lynch, creator of Dorothy Lynch salad dressing
- Vickie D. McDonald, Nebraska legislator
- Jean Potts, Author of Go, Lovely Rose, which won the Mystery Writers of America's Best First Novel Edgar Award for 1955
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "St. Paul, Howard County". Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. University of Nebraska. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum". Alexander, Grover. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Find A Grave". Grover Cleveland "Pete" Alexander (1887-1950) - Find A Grave Memorial. Find A Grave. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Jean Potts, 88, Author of Prize-Winning Mystery". New York Times. 1999-11-17. Retrieved 2016-01-14.