Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts

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Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts
Sainte-Agathe centre-ville
Sainte-Agathe centre-ville
Location within Les Laurentides RCM
Location within Les Laurentides RCM
Ste-Agathe-des-Monts is located in Central Quebec
Ste-Agathe-des-Monts
Ste-Agathe-des-Monts
Location in central Quebec
Coordinates: 46°03′N 74°17′W / 46.05°N 74.28°W / 46.05; -74.28Coordinates: 46°03′N 74°17′W / 46.05°N 74.28°W / 46.05; -74.28[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionLaurentides
RCMLes Laurentides
Settled1849
ConstitutedFebruary 27, 2002
Government
 • MayorDenis Chalifoux
 • Federal ridingLaurentides—Labelle
 • Prov. ridingBertrand
Area
 • Total140.9 km2 (54.4 sq mi)
 • Land130.09 km2 (50.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total10,223
 • Density78.6/km2 (204/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Increase 1.1%
 • Dwellings
6,533
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways
A-15 (TCH)

Route 117 (TCH)
Route 329
Websitewww.villesainteagathe.com Edit this at Wikidata

Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts is a town in the province of Quebec, Canada, in the regional county municipality of Les Laurentides in the administrative region of Laurentides, also known as the "Laurentians" or the Laurentian Mountains (in English). Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts borders on a lake called Lac des Sables, and is located approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Montreal.

The town has been twinned with Lagny-sur-Marne, France since 1969 and Saranac Lake, New York since 2002.

History[edit]

Settlement[edit]

In 1849, the first families arrived on the northern fringe of the area, a settlement established by Augustin-Norbert Morin.

Beginning in 1850, a rapid colonization of the region began. The arriving families were primarily of French Catholic background.[4] The village is centred on a Catholic church built in 1904. In 1865, the land on which the church stands was donated to the parish by Dr. Luc-Eusèbe Larocque, brother of the Monsignor. Dr. Larocque had amassed a fortune in the California Gold Rush and had decided to live the life of a seigneur. He bought several farms around Lac à la Truite (Trout Lake) and area but was too kind-hearted to ask for the rents. There is also a smaller Anglican church, "Holy Trinity Anglican Parish", in the town. In 1926 the Lord Bishop of the Anglican Church of Montreal presided over the dedication of the current building. The English Protestant community grew from the time the train first arrived in 1892.

Development[edit]

With the completion of a railway to Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts in 1892, the town experienced a rapid increase in population. Between 1892 and 1911, a number of spas and hospitals were established. In 1899, a tuberculosis hospital was founded by Dr. Arthur Richer. Elizabeth Wand, a nurse from New York City established a spa, which still operates as Auberge Tour du Lac. It was believed at the time that fresh mountain air could help cure tuberculosis and other pulmonary diseases. By 1910, many wealthy families from Montreal and northern United States had built residences along the shoreline of Lac des Sables. Octavien Rolland, third son of J.B. Rolland, founder of Rolland Paper was among the first to arrive. Between 1892 and 1910, the assessed value of the buildings in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts had increased 20 times.[5] From the 1950s to the 1980s, the town was a popular tourist centre with large resort hotels and many shops and restaurants.

Recent times[edit]

A view from Lac des Sables

In the 1980s, Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts grew as a four-season tourist destination with a broad range of activities for cottagers and residents alike. As a growing service-centre for the surrounding region, its economic base became more diverse with a strong foundation of tourism activities that included, in the summer, horse-back riding, boating, fishing, and lakeside recreation, as well as the winter activities of cross-country skiing, dog-sled racing, skating, and ice hockey. While the train is no longer in service, there is an extensive bike path that has replaced it called "Le Petit Train Du Nord". It directly connects to other paths that extend as far as Montreal.

The Church

Today, the town is characterized by its history and tradition of B&Bs, inns, hotels, and spas. As a growing municipality, it has a developing service area that includes a new Walmart, Super 8, and Jean Coutu (among others) strategically placed on the edge of the town so as to not affect its village atmosphere.

On February 27, 2002, Sainte-Agathe-Nord and Ivry-sur-le-Lac merged with Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts to form an expanded city; however Ivry-sur-le-Lac later demerged in 2006.[6]

English community[edit]

Next to Mont Tremblant, Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts has the largest population of English-speaking summer cottage residents in the Laurentians (with a smaller but still sizable winter cottage population as well, particularly on the weekends).[citation needed] Generations of cottagers from English Montreal, Ontario, New York, and New Jersey vacation amidst the lakes and mountains surrounding the town.

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 10115 (2006 to 2011 population change: 4.5%)
  • Population in 2006: 9679
  • Population in 2001:
    • Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts: 7121
    • Sainte-Agathe-Nord: 1566
      The total figure is 8687. However, a later revised total figure was 8964.[8]
  • Population in 1996:
    • Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts: 5669
    • Sainte-Agathe-Nord: 1454
    • Sainte-Agathe-Sud: 2209
  • Population in 1991:
    • Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts: 5452
    • Sainte-Agathe-Nord: 1221
    • Sainte-Agathe-Sud: 1918

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 4606 (total dwellings: 6148)

Mother tongue (permanent residents, excluding seasonal cottagers):

  • French as first language: 91.3%
  • English as first language: 4.8%
  • Other as first language: 0.9%

Environment[edit]

The town is underlain by anorthosite bedrock which is covered by stony sandy loam soil with classic podzol profile development.[9]

Climate data for Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
12.0
(53.6)
18.9
(66.0)
28.5
(83.3)
30.6
(87.1)
31.7
(89.1)
33.6
(92.5)
35.6
(96.1)
28.9
(84.0)
25.6
(78.1)
17.2
(63.0)
12.9
(55.2)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−5.4
(22.3)
0.5
(32.9)
8.3
(46.9)
17.0
(62.6)
21.1
(70.0)
23.7
(74.7)
22.1
(71.8)
16.6
(61.9)
9.9
(49.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
8.6
(47.5)
Average low °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−16.8
(1.8)
−11.0
(12.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
4.3
(39.7)
9.0
(48.2)
11.9
(53.4)
10.7
(51.3)
5.8
(42.4)
0.5
(32.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
−15.2
(4.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
Record low °C (°F) −37.3
(−35.1)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
−6.2
(20.8)
−10.6
(12.9)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−37.3
(−35.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 91.9
(3.62)
80.8
(3.18)
89.2
(3.51)
81.3
(3.20)
89.1
(3.51)
108.7
(4.28)
96.8
(3.81)
111.9
(4.41)
101.7
(4.00)
101.9
(4.01)
108.4
(4.27)
113
(4.4)
1,174.6
(46.24)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 96.9 124 157.3 183.3 223.1 236.3 265 229.6 159.2 124.8 73.2 67 1,940.4
Source: Environment Canada[10]

Education[edit]

Commission scolaire des Laurentides is headquartered in this town.

  • Francophone primary schools: Notre-Dame-de-la-Sagesse, Fleur-des-Neiges, Lionel-Groulx, Monseigneur-Bazinet
  • Secondary school: École polyvalente des Monts

The Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates Sainte Agathe Academy, a primary and secondary Anglophone school, in the community.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Notable organizations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 349926 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 78032 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b Census Profile, 2016 Census, Statistics Canada
  4. ^ [1] Archived October 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "HISTORY OF SAINTE-AGATHE | Laurentian Heritage WebMagazine". Laurentian.quebecheritageweb.com. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  6. ^ Reference number 268117 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ Statistics Canada - Population and dwelling count amendments to the 2001 Census
  9. ^ http://sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/publications/surveys/pq/pq2/pq2_report.pdf Paul G. Lajoie, 1960. Soil Survey of Argenteuil, Two Mountains and TerrebonneCounties, Quebec, p.22 and Terrebonne County soil map
  10. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
  11. ^ "About Us." Saint Agathe Academy. Retrieved on September 4, 2017. See Elementary zone map and Secondary zone map - Note that all areas covered in the elementary map are also covered in the secondary one.
  12. ^ "The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz Summary". eNotes.com. Retrieved 2014-07-18.

External links[edit]