Saltivska Line

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Blue Line 2 Saltivska Line
Kharkiv Metro.jpg
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Kharkiv Metro
Status Operational
Termini Istorychnyi Muzei (southern)
Heroiv Pratsi (northern)
Stations 8
Daily ridership 380,250 (daily)[1]
Operation
Opened August 10, 1984
Operator(s) Kharkivskyi metropoliten
Rolling stock 81-717/714
Technical
Line length 10.2 kilometres (6.3 mi)[2]
Track gauge 5 ft (1,524 mm)
Route diagram
Druzhby Narodiv
Heroiv Pratsi
Studentska
Akademika Pavlova
Skhidna Saltivka
Prospekt Traktorobudivnykiv
Hvardiitsiv-Shyronintsiv
Akademika Barabashova
Depot-2 "Saltivske"
Metro Bridgeover Kharkiv River
Kyivska
Pushkinska
Universytet(Line 3 at Derzhprom)
Istorychnyi Muzei(Line 1 at Maidan Konstytutsii)
Service tunnel to Maidan Konstytutsii
Kharkiv River
Ploshcha Urytskoho
Lopan River
Zhovtneva
Novozhanovo

The Saltivska Line (Ukrainian: Салтiвська лінія, Russian: Салтовская линия) is the second line of the Kharkiv Metro operating since 1984, serving Kharkiv, the second largest city in Ukraine. The Saltivska Line is the shortest line segment of the system, at 10.2 kilometres (6.3 mi),[2] with a total of eight stations. Unique to the Kharkiv Metro is the Saltivska Line's metro bridge, which passes above the Kharkiv River between the Kyivska and Akademika Barabashova stations, respectively.[3]

Geographically, the Saltivska Line cuts Kharkiv on a northeast-southwest axis, provides subway access to much of Saltivka (for which the line is named). It connects the city's largest residential neighborhood with the Constitution Square and Freedom Square in the city center.[4] The Saltivska Line is second behind the Kholodnohirsko–Zavodska Line with a daily ridership of 380,250 passengers.[1] There are current proposals that would expand the Saltivska Line to include an extra six stations and a split line segment, although these are only in the planning stage and they are not scheduled to be completed until 2020 at the least.

History[edit]

Since the late 1970s, an expansion of the Kharkiv Metro system was planned towards the then newly developed Saltivka neighborhood, located away from the industrial neighborhoods of the city.[2] Accordingly, on April 9, 1976, the Soviet government adopted a plan to construct a second line on the Kharkiv Metro. Owing to the hilly city landscape towards the southwestern terminus of the Station, the line's first three stations are located deep underground, with the Pushkinska station becoming the deepest station of the system at 30 metres (98 ft) underground.[5] The rest of the stations on the line were built close to the surface, due to their proximity to the Kharkiv River.[2] Construction on the line's second segment began in 1981, continuing on till the last three stations (all located within the confines of the Saltivka neighborhood) were opened on October 24, 1986.

Timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Stations Length[nb 1]
Istorychnyi MuzeiAkademika Barabashova August 10, 1984[2] 5 6.7 km
Akademika PavlovaHeroiv Pratsi October 24, 1986[2] 3 3.6 km
Total: 8 stations 10.2 km[2]

Name changes[edit]

Following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the subsequent Ukrainian independence, some of the stations were renamed to more neutral equivalents, sometimes avoiding reference to significant Soviet institutions and their leaders. In addition to the renaming of the line to its current title with the subsequent name change at the Kholodna Hora station,[2] two other stations were renamed, the last of which occurred in 2004.

Stations[edit]

Kharkiv's only metro bridge, passing above the Kharkiv River, is fully enclosed to maintain the ventilation and air flow in the system.
The Kyivska station features bas-relief designs decorated with Kievan themes.

Transfers[edit]

Following the traditional Soviet metro planning, the second line (Saltivska Line) is crossed by two other line segments at high traffic locations. Currently, the Saltivska Line's two transfer stations with the Kholodnohirsko–Zavodska Line (red line) and the Oleksiivska Line (green line) are at the southwestern terminus of the line. Specifically, the Saltivska Line has two transfer stations:

# Transfer to At Opened
Kiev Metro Line 1.svg Maidan Konstytutsii (Kholodnohirsko–Zavodska Line) Istorychnyi Muzei August 10, 1984
Kiev Metro Line 3.svg Derzhprom (Oleksiivska Line) Universytet May 6, 1995

Technical specifications[edit]

Just like with the Kiev Metro, government planning agencies allowed for a maximum of five carriage trains that would fit on the 100 metres (330 ft) station platforms without any modification to the station structure.[6] Specifically, 20 five-carriage trains are assigned to serve the Saltivska Line.[2] The Saltivska Line is the first in the system to use the 81-714/717 wagon models that have become the most widespread in the former USSR and Eastern Europe. It is serviced by the Depot-2 "Saltivske," located immediately after the metro bridge.

Future extension[edit]

Since its latest extension in 1986, the Saltivska Line is the third in the system in terms of length. It has a total of eight stations in operation, although a further four are in the early planning stages: the Druzhby Narodiv station is planned northwards from the line's current terminus Heroiv Pratsi; eastwards from the Akademika Barabashova station, a three station segment is planned; as well as a southwestern extension at the other end of the Saltivska Line at Ploshcha Urytsky and Zhovtneva, respectively. However, these planned additions would be in the long term perspective at least, considering that no official initiative to begin the construction at either ends was outlined in the "Oblast Program of Construction and the Expansion of the Kharkiv Metropoliten, 2007-2012."[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Approximate length, includes only operational passenger track length, does not include service track length.

References[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is not from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b "Saltovskaya liniya". Commercial holding "Megapolis" (in Russian). Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Butkovsky, Andrey (2008). "Metro. Saltovskaya Line". Kharkov transportny (in Russian). Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Butkovsky, Andrey (2005). "Stations and constructions. Metrobridge". Kharkov transportny (in Russian). Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "How everything began". Official site KP "Kharkivskyi metropoliten" (in Ukrainian). metro.kharkiv.ua. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  5. ^ Butkovsky, Andrey (2005). "Stations and constructions. Station "Pushkinskaya"". Kharkov transportny (in Russian). Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  6. ^ Schwandl, Robert. "KHARKIV Metro (Kharkov)". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Program of the construction of the metro". Official site of the KP "Kharkivskyi metropoliten" (in Ukrainian). metro.kharkov.ua. Retrieved 2 June 2011.