|Full name||Samuel English|
|Date of birth||18 August 1908|
|Place of birth||Crevolea, Northern Ireland|
|Date of death||12 April 1967 (aged 58)|
|Place of death||Vale of Leven, Scotland|
|1935–1936||Queen of the South||24||(8)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Samuel English (18 August 1908 – 12 April 1967) was a Northern Irish footballer who played for several clubs during the 1930s, but is mainly remembered for his time with Rangers. English also won two international caps for Ireland.
English began his career with Junior side Yoker Athletic before joining Rangers in July 1931. He holds the Rangers record for the most league goals scored in one season: 44 goals from 35 appearances in his debut season of 1931–32. English scored 53 goals in all competitions that season, including a five-goal haul against Morton, four goals against Queens Park and hat-tricks against Dundee United, Leith Athletic, Falkirk, Brechin City, Ayr United and Raith Rovers. English won the Scottish Cup final in 1932, with him scoring Rangers' second goal in a 3–0 win over Kilmarnock. English was less prolific the following season, but still scored 11 goals in 30 league and cup matches, helping Rangers to win the Scottish League Championship.
English's career was overshadowed by an incident on 5 September 1931 where he was involved in a collision with John Thomson, the Celtic goalkeeper. Thomson dived for the ball and his head collided with English's knee (not his boot, as sometimes claimed). Thomson suffered serious injuries to his skull and died in hospital a few hours later. The official enquiry found that the collision was an accident, and cleared English of any blame; a view which was fully supported by Thomson's family and all players from both teams who were on the field at the time. Nevertheless, English was deeply traumatised by what had happened to Thomson.
Although he was cleared of malice in the Thomson incident, jeering by Scottish crowds caused his move to England. English signed for Liverpool in the summer of 1933 for a transfer fee of £8,000. He began the season in fine form and had scored 16 goals by the half-way stage. However he played less regularly as the season progressed, but still scored a further four goals to finish the season with 20 goals in 31 league and cup appearances. The following season saw English in and out of the team, and he could only score six goals in 19 games.
In 1935 the recently appointed Queen of the South manager George McLachlan took English back north to Scotland for a spell at the Dumfries based club. The move was not a success and English was given a free transfer to Hartlepool United in July 1936. He was to find that his reputation had preceded him, he often faced taunts regarding the death of Thomson, and he never fully recovered his playing form although managed 31 goals in 75 appearances for the north-east of England team. Eventually he gave up football at the age of 28, and was quoted afterwards as describing his playing career after the Thomson accident as being "seven years of joyless sport."
English won two full international caps in 1932 for Ireland. He made his debut in a home game at Windsor Park, Belfast on 17 September 1932, losing 4–0 to Scotland. English won his second and last cap on 7 December 1932, in a 4–1 defeat away against Wales with English scoring Ireland's goal.
Later life and legacy
In recognition of his prolific goal-scoring exploits during his two seasons at Rangers, English was added to the club's Hall of Fame in 2009. Members of his family and Rangers supporters also commissioned silversmith Cara Murphy to produce a commemorative silver bowl containing 44 silver balls, each ball representing the 44 goals English scored in his record-setting first season at Ibrox. The Sam English Bowl was then presented to Rangers and is now awarded yearly to the club's top-scorer in a season. The first winner of the bowl was Kris Boyd in May 2009.
- Scottish Division One (1): 1932–33
- Scottish Cup (1): 1932
- Glasgow Cup (2): 1931–32, 1932–33
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- "Player profile – Sam English". LFC History.net. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
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- "Rangers 3 – 0 Kilmarnock". Fitba stats. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- "Profile – Sam English". Northern Ireland's Footballing Greats. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
- Jardine, Christine (26 February 2009). "Recognition at last for Rangers' top goal-scorer". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Sam English". SamEnglish-blog. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
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- "Rangers 3 – 0 Queen's Park, Glasgow Cup Final (10/10/1931)". Fitbastats.com. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Rangers 1 – 0 Partick Thistle, Glasgow Cup Final (15/10/1932)". Fitbastats.com. Retrieved 2 April 2014.