||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
Viviano at the 2012 New York Comic Con.
March 13, 1953 |
|Area(s)||Caricature, Art Director|
Sam Viviano (born March 13, 1953 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American caricature artist and art director. Viviano’s caricatures are known for their wide jaws, which Viviano has explained is a result of his incorporation of side views as well as front views into his distortions of the human face. He has also developed a reputation for his ability to do crowd scenes. Explaining his twice-yearly covers for Institutional Investor magazine, Viviano has said that his upper limit is sixty caricatures in nine days.
In 1975, he drove up the East Coast to New York, where he attempted to show art directors his portfolio, which consisted of various types of work he did in art school, including cartoons, abstract expressionist paintings, etc. When no assignments came his way, he took a job as a textile designer, while he pondered his lack of success in the illustration market. He soon came to the realization that, in order to compete in the field, he needed to choose a specialty, stating that what one sacrifices in width and breadth one gains in depth. He decided that he enjoyed doing caricature the most, and took out ads featuring his caricature work in trade directories such as Showcase and Black Book (against the advice of publishers who insisted that depictions of children and products would be more marketable). These advertisements yielded his first notable advertising illustration, a full-page ad in the New York Times for “On TV”, a satellite service presenting the 1979 James Bond film Moonraker.
By this time, Viviano was already working for many titles published by Scholastic Magazines (most notably Dynamite and Bananas). Because of the nature and style of his illustration, he was encouraged by a number of colleagues to show his work to Mad Magazine. Although Viviano’s samples were well-liked, he was told that there were no openings at that magazine, as it was a "closed shop" of about a dozen artists. However, in 1980, he was contacted by Mad Editor Al Feldstein, who told him that their usual cover artist had died, and asked Viviano if he would provide one for the magazine. The cover, Viviano's first, was for Mad #223 (June 1980). It depicted actor Larry Hagman in his role of J. R. Ewing from the television series Dallas, and spoofed that show’s "Who shot J. R.?" storyline. Viviano has stated that he was so nervous about his first Mad job that he made the illustration twice. His next assignment from MAD came four years later, at which point he began regular contributions, including the movie parodies and mock advertisements that magazine is known for.
Viviano taught a caricature class at Manhattan’s School of Visual Arts from 1981 to 1992, where he expressed the viewpoint that the goal of caricature is to use exaggeration to express an inner truth about an individual. Among the students of his who went on to enjoy prominent careers as illustrators specializing in caricature is Hanoch Piven.
Viviano produced the first digital illustration for Mad Magazine. The illustration, a series of nine satirical road signs parodying aspects of rock concerts, accompanied an article written by Desmond Devlin titled "Mad’s International Signs for the Rock World”", which appeared in Mad #328 (June 1994).
In 1994, Mad editors Nick Meglin and John Ficarra invited Viviano to come on staff at the magazine, but he declined in order to focus on his freelance career. In late 1999, they again extended the invitation, this time for the position of the magazine’s Art director, and Viviano, now the father of a four-year-old girl, accepted. He oversees a staff of five, producing, in addition to Mad, the reprint title Mad Classics and Mad Kids, a new magazine targeted to 8-to-10-year olds.
Viviano is listed in the most recent edition of The World Encyclopedia of Cartoons by Maurice Horn.
Viviano is married to a New York physician, and is known to include his wife and daughter, as well as various other members of his family, in the backgrounds of scenes he illustrates. He is a cousin to New Testament scholar and author Benedict Viviano.
- A & D News interview with Sam Viviano
- National Cartoonists Society’s Biography of Sam Viviano
- The Grand Comics Database page on MAD #223
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sam Viviano.|
- Complete list of Viviano's work for MAD Magazine
- The Complete Book of Caricature by Bob Staake
- The Disco Handbook by Bruce Pollack, 1979, Chapter 8 illustrations by Sam Viviano