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Leiurotoxin I is a 31-residue peptide, with a helix and a short antiparallel β-sheet. This toxin is stabilized by disulfide bonds: Cys8-Cys26 and Cys12-Cys28 is bound to the β-sheet, Cys3-Cys21 is bound to an N-terminal segment preceding the helix. Leiurotoxin adopts the ά/β motif. Especially the positively charged residues (Arg6 and Arg13, which are located in the ά helix) are important for the expression of toxin biological activities and for its receptor affinity.
Scyllatoxin is a blocker of small-conductance Ca2+– activated K+ channels at 10−13–10−11 M concentrations in various cell types. This toxin shows similarity in its physiological activity and binding specificity to apamin, but both toxins show no structural similarity.
Mode of action
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