Season structure of the NHL
The season structure of the National Hockey League (NHL) is divided into the regular season and the Stanley Cup playoffs. In the regular season, which generally runs from early October through early April, teams play 82 games which determine their standings. The three top-seeded teams in each division and two wild card teams per conference enter the playoff elimination tournament to determine the Stanley Cup champion.
Since the 2013–2014 season, the NHL regular season formula was adjusted to account for the new conference alignments. Each team, through the 2016-17 season, plays either four or five games against the other teams in its division (a total of 29 games in the Western Conference, 30 games in the Eastern Conference) as well as playing all non-divisional teams in their own conference three times (21 games in the west, 24 games in the east). The remaining games of the season are inter-conference play (32 in the west, 28 in the east), allowing every team in the league to play every other team twice. One Western Conference exception is that one team from each division plays one less game inside Division and one more game inside Conference but outside their Division. Teams rotate every season. The schedule is structured so that every NHL team plays in every arena at least once every year. The San Jose Sharks and Colorado Avalanche played each other 4 times in 2013-14 and 2015-16, but only twice in 2014-15 and 2016-17 in favor of 5 games against all their divisional opponents.
The NHL All-Star Game and its accompanying festivities occur near the midpoint of the season, during which no regular season games take place. Every four years, in lieu of an All-Star break, there is a break for the Winter Olympic Games.
Two points are awarded for a win (including in overtime or shootout), one point for a loss in overtime or shootout, and no points for a loss in regulation time. If, however, a team pulls their goaltender for an extra attacker during overtime and gives up an empty net goal, the point normally awarded for losing in overtime is forfeited. Pulling a goaltender in overtime was occasionally attempted in certain situations prior to the 2004–05 NHL lockout near the end of a season if earning a single point in overtime would have been worthless for playoff qualification purposes, but with the introduction of the shootout it has not been attempted since.
|Western Conference||Eastern Conference|
|Pacific Division||Central Division||Atlantic Division||Metropolitan Division|
|Anaheim Ducks||Chicago Blackhawks||Boston Bruins||Carolina Hurricanes|
|Arizona Coyotes||Colorado Avalanche||Buffalo Sabres||Columbus Blue Jackets|
|Calgary Flames||Dallas Stars||Detroit Red Wings||New Jersey Devils|
|Edmonton Oilers||Minnesota Wild||Florida Panthers||New York Islanders|
|Los Angeles Kings||Nashville Predators||Montreal Canadiens||New York Rangers|
|San Jose Sharks||St. Louis Blues||Ottawa Senators||Philadelphia Flyers|
|Vancouver Canucks||Winnipeg Jets||Tampa Bay Lightning||Pittsburgh Penguins|
|Vegas Golden Knights (in 2017-18)||Toronto Maple Leafs||Washington Capitals|
|Western Conference (majority of teams every year)|
|Within Conference (Divisional)||5 games × 5 opponents + 4 games x 1 opponent (Starting 2017-18: 5 games × 1 opponent + 4 games × 6 opponents for Pacific Division teams)||29|
|Within Conference (Non-divisional)||3 games × 7 opponents||21|
|Inter-conference||2 games × 16 opponents||32|
|Western Conference (one team in each division every year)|
|Within Conference (Divisional)||5 games × 4 opponents + 4 games x 2 opponents (Starting 2017-18: 5 games × 2 opponents + 4 games × 4 opponents for Central Division teams)||28 (26)|
|Within Conference (Non-divisional)||3 games × 6 opponents + 4 games x 1 opponent (Starting 2017-18: 3 games × 7 opponents for Central Division teams)||22 (24)|
|Inter-conference||2 games × 16 opponents||32|
|Within Conference (Divisional)||5 games × 2 opponents + 4 games x 5 opponents (Starting 2017-18: 4 games × 7 opponents)||30 (28)|
|Within Conference (Non-divisional)||3 games × 8 opponents||24|
|Inter-conference||2 games × 14 opponents (Starting 2017-18: 2 games × 15 opponents)||28 (30)|
Stanley Cup playoffs
At the end of the regular season, 16 teams qualify for the Stanley Cup playoffs, an elimination tournament consisting of three rounds of best-of-seven series to determine which team from each conference will advance to the final round, dubbed the Stanley Cup Final. The top three teams in each division earn automatic berths (6 teams per conference) and the next two teams in the conference earn wild-card spots. The First Round pits the top ranked team in the conference against the lower ranked wild-card and the other division winner against the higher ranked wild-card. The second and third place teams in each division play each other. The First Round winners will meet in the Second Round. The Western Conference (Pacific vs. Central) and Eastern Conference (Atlantic vs. Metropolitan) Finals will determine who faces off in the Stanley Cup Finals.
Any ties in the standings are broken using the following protocols:
- The fewer number of games played (only used during the season, as all teams will have played 82 games once the season is over).
- The greater number of games won. Starting in the 2010–11 NHL season, shootout wins are not included in the tie-breaking procedure.
- The greater number of points earned in games between the tied clubs.
- If two clubs are tied, and have not played an equal number of home games against each other, the points earned in the first game played in the city that had the extra game are not included.
- If more than two clubs are tied, the higher percentage of available points earned in games among those clubs, and not including any "odd" games, are used to determine the standing.
- The greater differential between goals for and goals against during the entire regular season.
For the first two rounds, the higher-seeded team has home-ice advantage (regardless of point record). Thereafter, it goes to whoever has the better regular season record (no matter the seeding). The team with home-ice advantage hosts Games 1, 2, 5 and 7, while the opponent hosts Games 3, 4 and 6 (Games 5–7 are played "if necessary").
- List of the most frequent NHL playoff series
- National Hockey League rivalries
- List of NHL franchise post-season appearance streaks
- List of NHL franchise post-season droughts
- McCarthy, Dave, ed. (2008). The National Hockey League Official Guide & Record Book/2009. Dan Diamond Associates. ISBN 978-1-894801-14-0.
- "NHL Official Rules: Rule 84 - Overtime".
- "NHL realignment includes four divisions, wild card teams". Tsn.ca. Retrieved 2013-07-03.