List of members of the Hockey Hall of Fame

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The Hockey Hall of Fame.

The Hockey Hall of Fame is a hall of fame and museum dedicated to the history of ice hockey. It was established in 1943 and is located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Originally, there were two categories for induction, players and builders, and in 1961, a third category for on-ice officials was introduced. In 2010, a subcategory was established for female players.[1] In 1988, a "veteran player category" was established in order to "provide a vehicle for players who may have been overlooked and whose chances for election would be limited when placed on the same ballot with contemporary players".[2] Eleven players were inducted into the category, but in 2000 the board of directors eliminated it and those inductees are now considered to be in the player category.[2]

For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame, they must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee which consists of Hockey Hall of Fame members and media personalities. Each committee member is allowed to nominate one person in each category per year, and candidates must receive the support of 75% of the members of the committee that are present, or a minimum of ten votes. In any given year, there can be a maximum of four male players, two female players, and a combined two in the builders and on-ice officials categories. For a player, referee, or linesman to be nominated, the person must have been retired for a minimum three years. Builders may be "active or inactive".[3] The induction ceremony is held at the current Hall of Fame building[2] and was first broadcast by The Sports Network in 1994.[4]

The Hockey Hall of Fame also displays "Media honourees", who have been awarded the "Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award", which is awarded by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association to "distinguished members of the newspaper profession whose words have brought honour to journalism and to hockey",[5] or the "Foster Hewitt Memorial Award", which is awarded by the NHL Broadcasters' Association to "members of the radio and television industry who made outstanding contributions to their profession and the game during their career in hockey broadcasting".[6] However, the media honourees are not considered full inductees, and are not included in this list. The winners are announced and honoured at different times than the other honourees.[7] Foster Hewitt is the only media honouree inducted in his own right into the Hall, as a builder.[8]

As of 2020, there are 289 players (including eight women), 112 builders and 16 on-ice officials in the Hockey Hall of Fame. 17 honourees have been inducted posthumously.[2]


The Player category has been in existence since the beginning of the Hall of Fame and the first nine players were inducted in 1945. For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame as a player, they must have been retired for a minimum of three years and must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee.[3] The waiting period was waived for ten players deemed exceptionally notable: Dit Clapper (1947), Maurice Richard (1961), Ted Lindsay (1966), Red Kelly (1969), Terry Sawchuk (1971), Jean Béliveau (1972), Gordie Howe (1972), Bobby Orr (1979), Mario Lemieux (1997) and Wayne Gretzky (1999).[9] Following Wayne Gretzky's retirement, it was announced that the waiting period would no longer be waived for any player except under "certain humanitarian circumstances".[2]

As of 2012, a maximum of four players can be inducted in one year but the greatest number of players inducted in a year was 23, in 1963.[10] They were inducted because the Hall of Fame was trying to induct many pre-NHL era players.[11] Sometimes noted as 1962 inductees, the pre-NHL era players were named at the 1962 Hall of Fame luncheon at the Canadian National Exhibition (CNE), but were inducted one year later, in 1963 at the CNE.[12][13][14] 232 of the player inductees are Canadian-born, while 16 European-born players have been inducted.[2] The NHL team with the most player inductees is the Toronto Maple Leafs (previously the Toronto St. Patricks and Toronto Arenas), with 60. Seventy-seven defencemen are in the Hall of Fame, more than any other current position, while only 36 goaltenders have been inducted.[2]

In 1988, a "veteran player category" was established in order to "provide a vehicle for players who may have been overlooked and whose chances for election would be limited when placed on the same ballot with contemporary players".[2] Eleven players were inducted into the category, but in 2000, the board of directors eliminated it, and now those inductees are considered to be in the player category.[2]

Positions key
C Centre
LW Left Wing
D Defence
RW Right Wing
G Goaltender
R Rover
F Forward
Georges Vézina, inducted in 1945.
Cyclone Taylor, inducted in 1947.
Newsy Lalonde, inducted in 1950.
Nels Stewart, inducted in 1952.
Maurice Richard, inducted in 1961.
Syl Apps, inducted in 1961.
Didier Pitre, inducted in 1963.
Bobby Clarke, inducted in 1987.
Darryl Sittler, inducted in 1989.
Larry Robinson, inducted in 1995.
Börje Salming, inducted in 1996.
Mario Lemieux, inducted in 1997.
Bryan Trottier, inducted in 1997.
Michel Goulet, inducted in 1998.
Wayne Gretzky, inducted in 1999.
Paul Coffey, inducted in 2004.
Patrick Roy, inducted in 2006.
Mark Messier, inducted in 2007.
Glenn Anderson, inducted in 2008.
Igor Larionov, inducted in 2008.
Brian Leetch, inducted in 2009.
Year Name Position Nationality
1945[15] Hobey Baker F  United States
1945[15] Charlie Gardiner G  Canada/ Great Britain
1945[15] Eddie Gerard D–LW  Canada
1945[15] Frank McGee C–R  Canada
1945[15] Howie Morenz C  Canada
1945[15] Tommy Phillips LW–RW  Canada
1945[15] Harvey Pulford D  Canada
1945[15] Hod Stuart D  Canada
1945[15] Georges Vézina G  Canada
1947[16][17] Russell Bowie C–R  Canada
1947[18][19] Dit Clapper [ * ] D–RW  Canada
1947[16][17] Aurèle Joliat LW  Canada
1947[16][17] Frank Nighbor C  Canada
1947[16][17] Lester Patrick D–G–R  Canada
1947[16][17] Eddie Shore D  Canada
1947[16][17] Cyclone Taylor C–D–R  Canada
1949[20][21] Dan Bain C  Canada
1949[20][21] Art Ross D  Canada
1950[22] Allan Davidson RW  Canada
1950[22] Graham Drinkwater D  Canada
1950[22] Mike Grant D  Canada
1950[22] Silas Griffis D–R  Canada/ United States
1950[22] Newsy Lalonde D–R  Canada
1950[22] Joe Malone C  Canada
1950[22] George Richardson D  Canada
1950[22] Harry Trihey C–R  Canada
1952[23] Dickie Boon D  Canada
1952[23] Bill Cook RW  Canada
1952[23] Moose Goheen D–LW  United States
1952[23] Moose Johnson D  Canada
1952[23] Mickey MacKay C–R  Canada
1952[23] Nels Stewart C  Canada
1958[24] Frank Boucher C  Canada
1958[24] King Clancy D  Canada
1958[24] Sprague Cleghorn D  Canada
1958[24] Alec Connell G  Canada
1958[24] Red Dutton D  Canada
1958[24] Frank Foyston C  Canada
1958[24] Frank Fredrickson C  Canada
1958[24] Herb Gardiner D  Canada
1958[24] George Hay LW  Canada
1958[24] Dick Irvin C  Canada
1958[24] Ching Johnson D  Canada
1958[24] Duke Keats C  Canada
1958[24] Hughie Lehman G  Canada
1958[24] George McNamara D  Canada
1958[24] Paddy Moran G  Canada
1959 Jack Adams C  Canada
1959 Cy Denneny LW  Canada
1959 Tiny Thompson G  Canada
1960 Buck Boucher D  Canada
1960 Sylvio Mantha D  Canada
1960 Jack Walker C–LW–R  Canada
1961 Syl Apps C  Canada
1961 Charlie Conacher RW  Canada
1961 Hap Day D  Canada
1961 George Hainsworth G  Canada
1961 Joe Hall D  Canada/ Great Britain
1961 Percy LeSueur G–RW  Canada
1961 Frank Rankin R  Canada
1961 Maurice Richard [ * ] RW  Canada
1961 Milt Schmidt C  Canada
1961 Oliver Seibert C  Canada
1961 Bruce Stuart R  Canada
1962[12] Punch Broadbent RW  Canada
1962[12] Harry Hyland RW  Canada
1962[12] Steamer Maxwell R  Canada
1962[13] Reg Noble C–D–LW  Canada
1962[12] Sweeney Schriner LW  Canada
1962[12] Alf Smith RW  Canada
1963[14] Harry Cameron D  Canada
1963[14] Rusty Crawford C–LW  Canada
1963[14] Jack Darragh RW  Canada
1963[14] Jimmy Gardner LW  Canada
1963[14] Billy Gilmour RW  Canada
1963[14] Ebbie Goodfellow C–D  Canada
1963[14] Shorty Green F  Canada
1963[14] Riley Hern G  Canada
1963[14] Tom Hooper F  Canada
1963[14] Bouse Hutton G  Canada
1963[14] Jack Laviolette D–LW  Canada
1963[14] Billy McGimsie C  Canada
1963[14] Didier Pitre D–R–RW  Canada
1963[14] Joe Primeau C  Canada
1963[14] Jack Ruttan D  Canada
1963[10] Earl Seibert D  Canada
1963[14] Bullet Joe Simpson D  Canada
1963[14] Barney Stanley D–RW  Canada
1963[14] Marty Walsh C  Canada
1963[14] Harry E. Watson C  Canada
1963[14] Rat Westwick G–R  Canada
1963[14] Frederick Whitcroft R  Canada
1963[14] Phat Wilson D  Canada
1964 Doug Bentley LW  Canada
1964 Bill Durnan G  Canada
1964 Babe Siebert D–LW  Canada
1964 Black Jack Stewart D  Canada
1965 Marty Barry C  Canada
1965 Clint Benedict G  Canada
1965 Arthur Farrell F  Canada
1965 Red Horner D  Canada
1965 Syd Howe D–LW  Canada
1965 Jack Marshall C–D  Canada
1965 Bill Mosienko RW  Canada
1965 Blair Russel C–RW  Canada
1965 Ernie Russell C–R  Canada
1965 Fred Scanlan F  Canada
1966 Max Bentley C  Canada
1966 Toe Blake LW  Canada
1966 Émile Bouchard D  Canada
1966 Frank Brimsek G  United States
1966 Ted Kennedy C  Canada
1966 Elmer Lach C  Canada
1966 Ted Lindsay [ * ] LW  Canada
1966 Babe Pratt D  Canada
1966 Ken Reardon D  Canada
1967 Turk Broda G  Canada
1967 Neil Colville C–D  Canada
1967 Harry Oliver RW  Canada
1968 Bill Cowley C  Canada
1969 Sid Abel C–LW  Canada
1969 Bryan Hextall RW  Canada
1969 Red Kelly [ * ] C–D  Canada
1969 Roy Worters G  Canada
1970 Babe Dye RW  Canada
1970 Bill Gadsby D  Canada
1970 Tom Johnson D  Canada
1971 Busher Jackson LW  Canada
1971 Gordon Roberts LW  Canada
1971 Terry Sawchuk [ * ] G  Canada
1971 Cooney Weiland C  Canada
1972 Jean Béliveau [ * ] C  Canada
1972 Bernie Geoffrion RW  Canada
1972 Hap Holmes G  Canada
1972 Gordie Howe [ * ] RW  Canada
1972 Hooley Smith C–D–RW  Canada
1973 Doug Harvey D  Canada
1973 Chuck Rayner G  Canada
1973 Tommy Smith C–R–LW  Canada
1974 Billy Burch C–D  Canada/ United States
1974 Art Coulter D  Canada
1974 Tommy Dunderdale C  Canada/ Australia
1974 Dickie Moore LW  Canada
1975 George Armstrong RW  Canada
1975 Ace Bailey LW  Canada
1975 Gordie Drillon RW  Canada
1975 Glenn Hall G  Canada
1975 Pierre Pilote D  Canada
1976 Johnny Bower G  Canada
1976 Bill Quackenbush D  Canada
1977 Alex Delvecchio C–LW  Canada
1977 Tim Horton D  Canada
1978 Andy Bathgate RW  Canada
1978 Jacques Plante G  Canada
1978 Marcel Pronovost D  Canada
1979 Harry Howell D  Canada
1979 Bobby Orr [ * ] D  Canada
1979 Henri Richard C  Canada
1980 Harry Lumley G  Canada
1980 Lynn Patrick C–LW  Canada
1980 Gump Worsley G  Canada
1981 Johnny Bucyk LW  Canada
1981 Frank Mahovlich LW  Canada
1981 Allan Stanley D  Canada
1982 Yvan Cournoyer RW  Canada
1982 Rod Gilbert RW  Canada
1982 Norm Ullman C  Canada
1983 Ken Dryden G  Canada
1983 Bobby Hull LW  Canada
1983 Stan Mikita C  Canada/ Slovakia
1984 Phil Esposito C  Canada
1984 Jacques Lemaire C  Canada
1984 Bernie Parent G  Canada
1985 Gerry Cheevers G  Canada
1985 Bert Olmstead LW  Canada
1985 Jean Ratelle C  Canada
1986 Leo Boivin D  Canada
1986 Dave Keon C  Canada
1986 Serge Savard D  Canada
1987 Bobby Clarke C  Canada
1987 Eddie Giacomin G  Canada
1987 Jacques Laperrière D  Canada
1988 Tony Esposito G  Canada
1988 Guy Lafleur RW  Canada
1988 Buddy O'Connor[A] C  Canada
1988 Brad Park D  Canada
1989 Herbie Lewis[A] LW  Canada
1989 Darryl Sittler C  Canada
1989 Vladislav Tretiak G  Russia/ Soviet Union
1990 Bill Barber LW  Canada
1990 Fernie Flaman[A] D  Canada
1990 Gilbert Perreault C  Canada
1991 Mike Bossy RW  Canada
1991 Denis Potvin D  Canada
1991 Bob Pulford C–LW  Canada
1991 Clint Smith[A] C  Canada
1992 Marcel Dionne C  Canada
1992 Woody Dumart[A] LW  Canada
1992 Bob Gainey LW  Canada
1992 Lanny McDonald RW  Canada
1993 Guy Lapointe D  Canada
1993 Edgar Laprade[A] C  Canada
1993 Steve Shutt LW  Canada
1993 Billy Smith G  Canada
1994 Lionel Conacher[A] D  Canada
1994 Harry P. Watson[A] LW  Canada
1995 Bun Cook[A] LW  Canada
1995 Larry Robinson D  Canada
1996 Bobby Bauer[A] RW  Canada
1996 Börje Salming D  Sweden
1997 Mario Lemieux [ * ] C  Canada
1997 Bryan Trottier C  Canada
1998 Roy Conacher[A] LW  Canada
1998 Michel Goulet LW  Canada
1998 Peter Šťastný C  Slovakia/ Czechoslovakia
1999 Wayne Gretzky [ * ] C  Canada
2000 Joe Mullen RW  United States
2000 Denis Savard C  Canada
2001 Viacheslav Fetisov D  Russia/ Soviet Union
2001 Mike Gartner RW  Canada
2001 Dale Hawerchuk C  Canada
2001 Jari Kurri RW  Finland
2002 Bernie Federko C  Canada
2002 Clark Gillies LW  Canada
2002 Rod Langway D  United States
2003 Grant Fuhr G  Canada
2003 Pat LaFontaine C  United States
2004 Ray Bourque D  Canada
2004 Paul Coffey D  Canada
2004 Larry Murphy D  Canada
2005 Valeri Kharlamov LW  Soviet Union
2005 Cam Neely RW  Canada
2006 Dick Duff LW  Canada
2006 Patrick Roy G  Canada
2007 Mark Messier C  Canada
2007 Al MacInnis D  Canada
2007 Scott Stevens D  Canada
2007 Ron Francis C  Canada
2008 Glenn Anderson RW  Canada
2008 Igor Larionov C  Russia/ Soviet Union
2009 Brett Hull RW  United States/ Canada
2009 Brian Leetch D  United States
2009 Luc Robitaille LW  Canada
2009 Steve Yzerman C  Canada
2010 Dino Ciccarelli RW  Canada
2010 Angela James C  Canada
2010 Cammi Granato C  United States
2011 Ed Belfour G  Canada
2011 Doug Gilmour C  Canada
2011 Mark Howe D  United States
2011 Joe Nieuwendyk C  Canada
2012 Pavel Bure RW  Russia/ Soviet Union
2012 Adam Oates C  Canada
2012 Joe Sakic C  Canada
2012 Mats Sundin C  Sweden
2013 Chris Chelios D  United States
2013 Geraldine Heaney D  Canada
2013 Scott Niedermayer D  Canada
2013 Brendan Shanahan LW  Canada
2014 Rob Blake D  Canada
2014 Peter Forsberg C  Sweden
2014 Dominik Hašek G  Czech Republic/ Czechoslovakia
2014 Mike Modano C  United States
2015 Sergei Fedorov C  Russia/ Soviet Union
2015 Phil Housley D  United States
2015 Nicklas Lidström D  Sweden
2015 Chris Pronger D  Canada
2015 Angela Ruggiero D  United States
2016 Eric Lindros C  Canada
2016 Sergei Makarov RW  Russia/ Soviet Union
2016 Rogie Vachon G  Canada
2017 Dave Andreychuk LW  Canada
2017 Danielle Goyette F  Canada
2017 Paul Kariya LW  Canada
2017 Mark Recchi RW  Canada
2017 Teemu Selänne RW  Finland
2018 Martin Brodeur G  Canada
2018 Jayna Hefford RW  Canada
2018 Martin St. Louis RW  Canada
2018 Alexander Yakushev LW  Soviet Union
2019 Guy Carbonneau C  Canada
2019 Václav Nedomanský C  Czech Republic/ Czechoslovakia
2019 Hayley Wickenheiser C  Canada
2019 Sergei Zubov D  Russia
2020 Marián Hossa RW  Slovakia
2020 Jarome Iginla RW  Canada
2020 Kevin Lowe D  Canada
2020 Kim St-Pierre G  Canada
2020 Doug Wilson D  Canada

^ * Indicates that the three-year waiting period was waived for a player who was deemed to be especially notable.
^ A. Player was inducted into the Veteran Player category. In 2000, it was merged with the Player category.

Source: 1945–2003: Honoured Members: Hockey Hall of Fame[25] and newspapers.


Lord Stanley, inducted in 1945.
H. Montagu Allan, inducted in 1945.
Frank Patrick, inducted in 1950.
Clarence Campbell, inducted in 1966.
Punch Imlach, inducted in 1984.
Father David Bauer, inducted in 1989.
Scotty Bowman, inducted in 1991.
Glen Sather, inducted in 1997.

The Builder category has been in existence since the beginning of the Hall of Fame and the first builders were inducted in 1945. A builder is a person who has contributed to the development of the game of hockey, and as the name refers, one who has built the game forward. Since then, 102 builders have been inducted. For a person to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame as a builder, they may be "active or inactive" and must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee. As of 2007, a maximum of two builders can be inducted in one year.[3]

Year Name
1945 H. Montagu Allan
1945 Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby
1947 Frank Calder
1947 W. A. Hewitt
1947 Francis Nelson
1947 William Northey
1947 John Ross Robertson
1947 Claude C. Robinson
1947[16][17] James T. Sutherland
1950[22] Frank Patrick
1958[24] George Dudley
1958[24] James E. Norris
1958[24] Al Pickard
1958[24] Donat Raymond
1958[24] Conn Smythe
1958[24] Lloyd Turner
1960 Charles Adams
1960 John Kilpatrick
1960 Frank J. Selke
1961 George V. Brown
1961 Paul Loicq
1961 Fred Waghorne
1962 Frank Ahearn
1962 Walter A. Brown
1962 Frederick Hume
1962 James D. Norris
1962 Ambrose O'Brien
1962 Frank Smith
1963 Leo Dandurand
1963 Tommy Gorman
1963 Frederic McLaughlin
1964 Angus Daniel Campbell
1964 Frank Dilio
1965 Foster Hewitt
1965 Tommy Lockhart
1966 Clarence Campbell
1968 James Dunn
1968 Jim Hendy
1969 Al Leader
1969 Bruce Norris
1970 Robert Lebel
1971 Arthur Wirtz
1972 Weston Adams
1973 Hartland Molson
1974 Charles Hay
1974 Tommy Ivan
1974 Anatoly Tarasov
1974 Carl Voss
1975 Frank Buckland
1975 William M. Jennings
1976 Jack Gibson
1976 Philip Dansken Ross
1976 Bill Wirtz
1977 Bunny Ahearne
1977 Harold Ballard
1977 Joseph Cattarinich
1978 Jack Bickell
1978 Sam Pollock
1978 William Thayer Tutt
1979 Gordon Juckes
1980 Jack Butterfield
1982 Emile Francis
1983 Harry Sinden
1984 Punch Imlach
1984 Jake Milford
1985 John Mariucci
1985 Rudy Pilous
1986 Bill Hanley
1987 John Ziegler
1988 Ed Snider
1989 Father David Bauer
1990 Bud Poile
1991 Scotty Bowman
1992 Keith Allen
1992 Bob Johnson
1992 Frank Mathers
1993 Frank Griffiths
1993 Seymour Knox
1993 Fred Page
1994 Brian O'Neill
1995 Günther Sabetzki
1995 Bill Torrey
1996 Al Arbour
1997 Glen Sather
1998 Athol Murray
1999 Scotty Morrison
2000 Walter Bush
2001 Craig Patrick
2002 Roger Neilson
2003 Mike Ilitch
2003 Brian Kilrea
2004 Cliff Fletcher
2005 Murray Costello
2006 Harley Hotchkiss
2006 Herb Brooks
2007 Jim Gregory
2008 Ed Chynoweth
2009 Lou Lamoriello
2010 Jim Devellano
2010 Daryl Seaman
2013 Fred Shero
2014 Pat Burns
2015 Bill Hay
2015 Peter Karmanos Jr.
2016 Pat Quinn
2017 Clare Drake
2017 Jeremy Jacobs
2018 Gary Bettman
2018 Willie O'Ree
2019 Jim Rutherford
2019 Jerry York
2020 Ken Holland

Former members[edit]

On March 30, 1993, it was announced that Gil Stein, who at the time was the president of the National Hockey League, had been inducted into the Hall of Fame. There were immediate allegations that he had engineered his election through manipulation of the hall's board of directors and by telling them to change the rules for selection. Two lawyers, hired by the league to lead an investigation, recommended that Stein's selection be overturned, although it was soon revealed that Stein had previously decided to turn down the induction.[26]

In 1989, Alan Eagleson was inducted as a builder, but he would resign from the Hall in 1998 after pleading guilty of mail fraud and embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars.[27] His resignation came shortly before a vote was held to expel him.[28]

On-ice officials[edit]

Ray Scapinello, inducted in 2008.

The On-ice official category has been in existence since 1961 and since then sixteen have been inducted. For an official to be inducted to the Hockey Hall of Fame, they must be retired for a minimum of three years and must be nominated by an elected 18-person selection committee. As of 2007, a maximum of one on-ice official can be inducted in one year.[3]

Year Name
1961 Chaucer Elliott
1961 Mickey Ion
1961 Cooper Smeaton
1962 Mike Rodden
1963 Bobby Hewitson
1964 Bill Chadwick
1967 Red Storey
1973 Frank Udvari
1981 John Ashley
1987 Matt Pavelich
1988 George Hayes
1991 Neil Armstrong
1993 John D'Amico
1999 Andy Van Hellemond
2008 Ray Scapinello
2014 Bill McCreary


  1. ^ McGran, Kevin (June 20, 2010). "Will a female finally be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame?". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Induction facts & figures". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d "Summary of Election Procedures". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  4. ^ Hockey Hall of Fame 2003, p. 194.
  5. ^ "Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award winners". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  6. ^ "Foster Hewitt Memorial Award winners". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on July 5, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  7. ^ "Hockey Hall of Fame Announces Legends Classic Tour 2005 Featuring Canada Vs. Russia". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. September 7, 2005. Archived from the original on October 28, 2005. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  8. ^ "Foster Hewitt". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  9. ^ "Committee Approves Waiver for Gretzky". The New York Times. April 30, 1999. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  10. ^ a b Noel-Bentley, Peter (August 26, 1963). "Canadian Athlete Helps Promote Peace - Martin". Toronto Star. p. 9.
  11. ^ Hockey Hall of Fame 2003, p. 53.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Five Women Among Hall of Fame Stars Honored In Ceremony at CNE Luncheon". The Globe and Mail. August 27, 1962. p. 19.
  13. ^ a b "Hall of Fame Entry Tougher In Future". Toronto Star. August 27, 1963. p. 18.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "CNE Ceremony at Hockey, Sports Halls". Toronto Star. August 23, 1963. p. 10.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Pick Selections to Hockey Hall of Fame". Montreal Gazette. May 2, 1945. p. 16.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "Cyclone Always All-Star timber". The Leader-Post. February 27, 1947. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "Pick Eddie Shore and Six Others To National Hockey Hall of Fame". Lewiston Daily Sun. February 26, 1947. p. 9. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  18. ^ "Hockey Moguls Honoring Veteran Clapper Tonight". Ottawa Citizen. February 12, 1947. p. 18.
  19. ^ Hockey Hall of Fame 2003, pp. 7–8.
  20. ^ a b "Ross One of Two New Men Elected to Hall of Fame". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. October 22, 1949. p. 18. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  21. ^ a b "Two Members Added to Hall of Fame". Ottawa Citizen. October 21, 1949. p. 30. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i "9 New Members Join Hockey Hall of Fame". Montreal Gazette. June 28, 1950. p. 22.
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Six Hockey Greats Elected to Kingston Hall of Fame". Montreal Gazette. August 19, 1952. p. 17.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Three Ottawans Are Named To Hockey Hall". Ottawa Citizen. April 28, 1958. p. 17.
  25. ^ Hockey Hall of Fame 2003.
  26. ^ Lapointe, Joe (August 19, 1993). "Stein Is Scratched as N.H.L. Immortal". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  27. ^ Hockey Hall of Fame 2003, p. 167.
  28. ^ Lapointe, Joe (March 26, 1998). "Eagleson Resigns Under Pressure". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2008.


  • Hockey Hall of Fame (2003). Honoured Members: Hockey Hall of Fame. Bolton, Ontario: Fenn Publishing. ISBN 1-55168-239-7.

Note: For the years after 2003, the Hockey Hall of Fame web site is accurate. As of December 2019, the web site is inaccurate for the years before, for the players inducted prior to the establishment of the Toronto Hall, for example Nels Stewart, who was inducted in 1952, not 1962 as is listed on the HHOF web site. This may have led to other publications stating the wrong years of induction. The book Honoured Members: Hockey Hall of Fame, published by the Hockey Hall of Fame itself, lists the players accurately.