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Senica city hall.jpg
City hall of Senica
Coat of arms
Country Slovakia
Region Trnava
District Senica
Tourism region Záhorie
River Teplica
Elevation 208 m (682 ft)
Coordinates 48°40′50″N 17°22′00″E / 48.68056°N 17.36667°E / 48.68056; 17.36667Coordinates: 48°40′50″N 17°22′00″E / 48.68056°N 17.36667°E / 48.68056; 17.36667
Area 50.316 km2 (19.427 sq mi)
Population 20,860 (31 December 2005)
Density 415/km2 (1,075/sq mi)
First mentioned 1256
Mayor Branislav Grimm
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 905 01
Area code +421-34
Car plate SE
Location of Senica in Slovakia
Location of Senica in Slovakia
Location of Senica in the Trnava Region
Location of Senica in the Trnava Region
Wikimedia Commons: Senica
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS

Senica (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈseɲitsa]; German: Senitz; Hungarian: Szenice) is a town in Trnava Region, western Slovakia. It is located in the north-eastern part of the Záhorie lowland, close to the Little Carpathians.


The name is derived from the word seno ("hay") with the suffix -ica used to form a place name.[1]


Senica's history is closely related with the Branč castle, built in 1251–1261. It was first mentioned in 1256 and received its city privileges in 1396, confirmed in 1463 and 1492. The city was affected by Turkish wars, anti-Habsburg uprisings and reformation and counter-reformations in the 17th century. In 1746, it became seat of the district within the Nitra county.[2]


According to the 2001 census, the city had 21,253 inhabitants. 96.40% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.56% Czechs, 0.84% Roma and 0.14 Hungarians.[3] The religious makeup was 47.28% Roman Catholics, 31.18% people with no religious affiliation, and 17.03% Lutherans.[3]


A significant silk-producing company is based in Senica. The company was established in 1954 under the name ″Slovenský hodváb". In 2005 the production of viscose rayon was halted. After the merger of Slovenský hodváb and Kord to the new company Slovkor, it continued only with the production of Synthetic fiber for technical purposes. In February 2014 the factory chimney,[4] which dominated the city more than half century and was visible from long distance, was demolished.[5]

OMS lighting, one of the biggest luminaire companies in East-Central Europe, is also based in Senica. With around 1000 employees and exporting 98% of its production to more than 100 countries, the company is a referent in the economy of Senica.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Senica is twinned with:

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Štefánik, Martin; Lukačka, Ján, eds. (2010). Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku [Lexicon of Medieval Towns in Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak). Bratislava: Historický ústav SAV. p. 424. ISBN 978-80-89396-11-5. 
  2. ^ Mesto Senica – oficiálne stránky mesta
  3. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-25. 
  4. ^ List of tallest structures in Slovakia
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Bač". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 

External links[edit]