Seven Days Confederate order of battle

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The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Seven Days Battles (from June 25 to July 1, 1862) of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the battle,[1] the casualty returns[2] and the reports.[3][4] The Union order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of Northern Virginia[edit]

Gen Robert E. Lee

Jackson's Command[edit]

MG Thomas J. Jackson

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First (Whiting's) Division
     BG William H.C. Whiting

First (Hood's) Brigade


   BG John B. Hood

Third (Whiting's) Brigade


   Col Evander M. Law

  • 4th Alabama: Ltc O. K. McLemore (w), Cpt L. H. Scruggs
  • 2nd Mississippi: Col John M. Stone
  • 11th Mississippi: Col P. F. Liddell
  • 6th North Carolina: Ltc Isaac E. Avery (w), Maj R. F. Webb
Artillery
  • Balthis' Battery, Staunton (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt W. L. Balthis (w)
  • Reilly's Battery, Rowan (North Carolina) Artillery: Cpt James Reilly

Second (Jackson's) Division
     MG Thomas J. Jackson

First Brigade[5]


   BG Charles S. Winder

Second Brigade[5][6]


   Ltc Richard H. Cunningham, Jr.
   BG John R. Jones (w - White Oak Swamp)

Third Brigade[5]


   Col Samuel V. Fulkerson (mw)
   Col Edward T. H. Warren
   BG Wade Hampton

Fourth Brigade[5]


   BG Alexander Lawton

  • 13th Georgia: Col Marcellus Douglass
  • 26th Georgia: Col E. N. Atkinson
  • 31st Georgia: Col Clement A. Evans (w)
  • 38th Georgia: Ltc L. J. Parr (w), Cpt William H. Battey
  • 60th Georgia: Ltc W. H. Stiles
  • 61st Georgia: Col John H. Lamar

Third (Ewell's) Division
     MG Richard S. Ewell

Fourth Brigade[5]


   BG Arnold Elzey (w - Gaines' Mill)
   Col James A. Walker
   BG Jubal Early

Seventh Brigade[5]


   BG Isaac R. Trimble

  • 15th Alabama: Col James Cantey
  • 21st Georgia: Maj T. W. Hooper (w)
  • 16th Mississippi: Col Carnot Posey
  • 21st North Carolina: Ltc William W. Kirkland
  • 1st North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters: Maj Rufus W. Wharton
  • Courtney's Battery, Henrico (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt A. R. Courtney
Eight Brigade[5]


   BG Richard Taylor
   Col Isaac G. Seymour (k - Gaines' Mill)
   Col Leroy T. Stafford

  • 6th Louisiana: Col I. G. Seymour (k - Gaines' Mill)
  • 7th Louisiana: Ltc David B. Penn
  • 8th Louisiana: Col Henry B. Kelly
  • 9th Louisiana: Col Leroy A. Stafford
  • 1st Louisiana Special Battalion: Maj C. R. Wheat (k - Gaines' Mill)
  • Carrington's Battery, Charlottesville (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt J. McDonald Carrington
Maryland Line


   Col Bradley T. Johnson

  • 1st Maryland: Col Bradley T. Johnson
  • Brockenbrough's Battery, Baltimore (Maryland) Artillery: Cpt J. B. Brockenbrough
Unattached Cavalry

D. H. Hill's Division[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

D. H. Hill's Division[7]
     MG Daniel H. Hill

First Brigade


   BG Robert E. Rodes [8]
   Col. John B. Gordon

  • 3rd Alabama: Ltc Charles A. Battle
  • 5th Alabama: Col Charles C. Pegues (mw)
  • 6th Alabama: Col John B. Gordon (w)
  • 12th Alabama: Ltc Bristow B. Gayle
  • 26th Alabama: Col Edward O'Neal
Second Brigade


   BG George B. Anderson (w - Malvern Hill) [9]
   Col Charles C. Tew

Third Brigade


   BG Samuel Garland

Fourth Brigade


   Col Alfred H. Colquitt

  • 13th Alabama: Col Birkett D. Fry
  • 6th Georgia: Ltc J .M. Newton
  • 23rd Georgia: Col Emory F. Best
  • 27th Georgia: Col Levi B. Smith
  • 28th Georgia: Col Thomas J. Warthen (mw)
Fifth Brigade


   BG Roswell S. Ripley

  • 44th Georgia: Col Robert A. Smith (mw), Cpt John W. Beck
  • 48th Georgia: Col William Gibson
  • 1st North Carolina: Col Montford S. Stokes (mw), Cpt H. A. Brown, Ltc William P. Bynum
  • 3rd North Carolina: Col Gaston Meares (k), Ltc William L. De Rosset
Artillery
  • Bondurant's Battery, Jeff Davis (Alabama) Artillery: Cpt J. W. Bondurant
  • Carter's Battery, King William (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Thomas H. Carter
  • Nelson's Battery, Hanover (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt G. W. Nelson
  • Hardaway's (Alabama) Battery: Cpt Robert A. Hardaway
Jones' Battalion[10]


   Maj Hilary P. Jones

  • Clark's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt P. H. Clark
  • Peyton's Battery, Orange (Virginia) Artillery: Lt C. W. Fry
  • Rhett's (South Carolina) Battery: Cpt A. Burnet Rhett

Magruder's Command[edit]

MG John B. Magruder

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG David R. Jones

First Brigade


   BG Robert Toombs

  • 2nd Georgia: Col Edgar M. Butt (w), Ltc William R. Holmes
  • 15th Georgia: Col William M. McIntosh (mw), Ltc William T. Millican, Maj T. J. Smith, Cpt S. Z. Hearns
  • 17th Georgia: Col Henry L. Benning
  • 20th Georgia: Col C. B. Cumming
Third (Jones') Brigade


   Col George T. Anderson

  • 1st Georgia Regulars: Col William J. Magill
  • 7th Georgia: Ltc W. W. White (w), Maj E. W. Hoyle (w), Cpt George H. Carmical
  • 8th Georgia: Col L. M. Lamar (w&c), Cpt George O. Dawson
  • 9th Georgia: Col R. A. Turnipseed
  • 11th Georgia: Ltc William Luffman
Artillery


   Maj John J. Garnett

  • Brown's Battery, Wise (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt James S. Brown
  • Hart's Battery, Washington (South Carolina) Artillery: Cpt James F. Hart
  • Moody's (Louisiana) Battery: Cpt George V. Moody
  • Lane's Battery:[11] Cpt John Lane
  • Woolfolk's Battery, Ashland (Virginia) Artillery:[12] Lt James Woolfolk

McLaws' Division
     MG Lafayette McLaws

First Brigade


   BG Paul J. Semmes

  • 10th Georgia: Col Alfred Cumming (w), Cpt W. C. Holt
  • 53rd Georgia: Col L. T. Doyal
  • 5th Louisiana: Col T. G. Hunt
  • 10th Louisiana: Ltc Eugene Waggaman (w&c)
  • 15th Virginia: Col T. P. August (w)
  • 32nd Virginia: Ltc William R. Wilis
  • Manly's (North Carolina) Battery: Cpt Basil C. Manly
Fourth Brigade


   BG Joseph B. Kershaw

  • 2nd South Carolina: Col John D. Kennedy, Maj F. Gaillard
  • 3rd South Carolina: Col James D. Nance
  • 7th South Carolina: Col D. Wyatt Aiken
  • 8th South Carolina: Col John W. Henagan
  • Kemper's Battery, Alexandria (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Del Kemper

Magruder's Division
     MG John B. Magruder

Second Brigade


   BG Howell Cobb

  • 16th Georgia: Col Goode Bryan
  • 24th Georgia: Col Robert McMillan
  • Cobb's (Georgia) Legion
  • 2nd Louisiana: Col J. T. Norwood (mw)
  • 15th North Carolina: Col Henry A. Dowd (w)
  • Carlton's Battery, Troup (Georgia) Artillery: Cpt Henry H. Carlton
Third Brigade


   BG Richard Griffith (mw - Savage's Station)
   Col William Barksdale

  • 13th Mississippi: Col William Barksdale, Ltc J. W. Carter (w), Maj Kennon McElroy
  • 17th Mississippi: Col W. D. Holder (w), Ltc John C. Fiser
  • 18th Mississippi: Col Thomas Griffin (w), Ltc William H. Luse
  • 21st Mississippi: Col Benjamin G. Humphreys, Ltc W. L. Brandon (w), Cpt William C. F. Brooks
  • McCarthy's (Virginia) Battery, 1st Richmond Howitzers: Cpt E. S. McCarthy
Artillery


   Col Stephen D. Lee

  • Page's Battery, Magruder (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Thomas Jefferson Page, Jr.
  • Read's Battery, Pulaski (Georgia) Artillery: Cpt J. P. W. Read
  • Richardson's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt L. W. Richardson
  • Kirkpatrick's Battery, Amherst (Virginia) Artillery:[13] Cpt Thomas H. J. Kirkpatrick

Longstreet's Division[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others
Longstreet's Division


     MG James Longstreet[14]
     BG Richard H. Anderson[15]

First Brigade


   BG James L. Kemper

Second Brigade


   BG Richard H. Anderson
   Col Micah Jenkins

  • 2nd South Carolina Rifles: Col J. V. Moore
  • 4th South Carolina (Battalion): Maj C. B. Mattison
  • 5th South Carolina: Ltc Andrew Jackson (w)
  • 6th South Carolina: Ltc John M. Steedman (w)
  • Palmetto (South Carolina) Sharpshooters: Col Micah Jenkins, Ltc Joseph Walke
Third Brigade


   BG George Pickett (w - Gaines' Mill)
   Col Eppa Hunton[16]
   Col John B. Strange

Fourth Brigade


   BG Cadmus M. Wilcox

  • 8th Alabama: Ltc Y. L. Royston (w)
  • 9th Alabama: Maj J. H. J. Williams, Cpt J. H. King (w)
  • 10th Alabama: Col J. J. Woodward (k), Maj J. H. Caldwell (w)
  • 11th Alabama: Ltc S. F. Hale (w), Cpt George Field (w)
  • Anderson's Battery, Thomas (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Edwin J. Anderson
Fifth Brigade


   BG Roger A. Pryor

Sixth Brigade


   BG Winfield S. Featherston (w - Glendale)
   BG George B. Anderson

  • 12th Mississippi: Maj W. H. Lilly (w), Cpt S. B. Thomas
  • 19th Mississippi: Maj John Mullins (w)
  • 2nd Mississippi Infantry Battalion: Ltc John G. Taylor (k)
  • Smith's (Virginia) Battery, 3rd Richmond Howitzers: Cpt Benjamin H. Smith, Jr.
Artillery

Huger's Division[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Huger's Division
     MG Benjamin Huger

Second Brigade


   BG William Mahone

Third Brigade


   BG Ambrose R. Wright

  • 44th Alabama: Col James Kent
  • 3rd Georgia: Maj J. R. Sturges (k), Cpt R. B. Nisbet
  • 4th Georgia: Col George P. Doles
  • 22nd Georgia: Col R. H. Jones, Maj Joseph Wasden
  • 1st Louisiana: Ltc W. R. Shivers (w), Cpt M. Nolan
  • Huger's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt Frank Huger
  • Ross' Battery:[11] Cpt H. M. Ross
Fourth Brigade


   BG Lewis A. Armistead

Ransom's Brigade[17] (Second Brigade from the Department of North Carolina)


   BG Robert Ransom, Jr.

  • 24th North Carolina: Col William J. Clarke
  • 25th North Carolina: Col Henry M. Rutledge
  • 26th North Carolina: Col Zebulon B. Vance
  • 35th North Carolina: Col Matthew W. Ranson (w), Ltc O. C. Petway (k)
  • 48th North Carolina: Col Robert C. Hill
  • 49th North Carolina: Col Stephen D. Ramseur (w)
Walker's Brigade[17] (Fourth Brigade from the Department of North Carolina)


   BG John G. Walker
   Col Van H. Manning

  • 3rd Arkansas: Col Van H. Manning
  • 2nd Georgia Battalion: Maj George W. Ross
  • 27th North Carolina: Col John R. Cooke
  • 46th North Carolina: Col E. D. Hall
  • 30th Virginia: Col A. T. Harrison
  • Goodwyn's (Virginia) Cavalry: Cpt Edward A. Goodwyn

A. P. Hill's Light Division[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

A.P. Hill's Light Division[18]
     MG Ambrose P. Hill

First Brigade


   BG Charles W. Field

Second Brigade


   BG Maxcy Gregg

  • 1st South Carolina: Col Daniel H. Hamilton
  • 1st South Carolina Rifles: Col John F. Marshall
  • 12th South Carolina: Col David Barnes (w)
  • 13th South Carolina: Col Oliver Edwards
  • 14th South Carolina: Col Samuel McGowan (w)
Third Brigade


   BG Joseph R. Anderson (w - Glendale)
   Col Edward L. Thomas

  • 14th Georgia: Col Robert W. Folsom (w)
  • 35th Georgia: Col Edward L. Thomas (w - Mechanicsville)
  • 45th Georgia: Col Thomas Hardeman (w)
  • 49th Georgia: Col Andrew J. Lane (w)
  • 3rd Louisiana Battalion: Ltc Edward Pendleton
Fourth Brigade


   BG Lawrence O'Bryan Branch

  • 7th North Carolina: Col Reuben P. Campbell (k), Ltc E. Graham Haywood (w), Maj J. L. Hill
  • 18th North Carolina: Col Robert H. Cowan
  • 28th North Carolina: Col James H. Lane (w)
  • 33rd North Carolina: Ltc Robert F. Hoke
  • 37th North Carolina: Col Charles C. Lee (k), Ltc William Barbour
Fifth Brigade


   BG James J. Archer

  • 5th Alabama Battalion: Maj Albert S. Vandegraaf (w)
  • 19th Georgia: Ltc Thomas C. Johnson (mw)
  • 1st Tennessee (Provisional Army): Ltc James C. Shackelford (mw)
  • 7th Tennessee: Col John F. Goodner (w)
  • 14th Tennessee: Col William A. Forbes
Sixth Brigade


   BG William D. Pender (w - Glendale)
   Ltc John McElroy

  • 2nd Arkansas Battalion: Maj W. N. Bronaugh (k)
  • 16th North Carolina: Ltc John McElroy
  • 22nd North Carolina: Col James Conner (w), Ltc R. H. Gray
  • 34th North Carolina: Col Richard H. Riddick (w)
  • 38th North Carolina: Col William J. Hoke (w)
  • 22nd Virginia Battalion: Cpt J. C. Johnson
Artillery


   Ltc Lewis M. Coleman

  • Andrews' (Maryland) Battery: Cpt R. Snowden Andrews
  • Bachman's (South Carolina) Battery: Cpt William K. Bachman
  • Braxton's (Virginia) Battery, Fredericksburg Artillery: Cpt Carter M. Braxton
  • Crenshaw's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt William G. Crenshaw
  • Johnson's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt Marmaduke Johnson
  • McIntosh's Battery, Pee Dee (South Carolina) Artillery: Cpt David G. McIntosh
  • Pegram's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt William J. Pegram

Department of North Carolina[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Department of North Carolina[19]
     MG Theophilus H. Holmes

Third Brigade


   Col Junius Daniel

  • 43rd North Carolina: Col T. S. Kenan
  • 45th North Carolina: Ltc J. H. Morehead
  • 50th North Carolina: Col M. D. Craton
  • Burroughs' Cavalry Battalion: Maj Edgar Burroughs
Artillery


   Col James Deshler

  • Branch's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt James R. Branch
  • Brem's (North Carolina) Battery: Cpt T. H. Brem
  • French's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt David A. French
  • Graham's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt Edward Graham
Wise's Command[20]


   BG Henry A. Wise

  • 26th Virginia: Col P. R. Page
  • 46th Virginia: Col R. T. W. Duke
  • 4th Virginia Heavy Artillery
  • Andrews' (Virginia) Battery: Cpt W. G. Andrews
  • Rives' (Virginia) Battery: Cpt J. H. Rives

Artillery Reserve[edit]

Division Battalions Batteries

Artillery Reserve
     BG William N. Pendleton

1st Virginia Artillery[21]


   Col J. Thompson Brown

  • Richmond Fayette Artillery: Lt William I. Clopton
  • Coke's (Williamsburg) Battery: Cpt John A. Coke
  • Watson's battery: Cpt David Watson
Nelson's Battalion[22]


   Maj William Nelson

  • Huckstep's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt Charles T. Huckstep
  • Page's Battery: Cpt R. C. M. Page
Richardson's Battalion[23]


   Maj Charles Richardson

  • Ancell's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt John J. Ancell
  • Milledge's (Georgia) Battery: Cpt John Milledge Jr.
  • Davidson's Battery, Letcher (Virginia) Artillery:[24] Cpt Greenlee Davidson
  • Masters' (Virginia) Battery:[24] Cpt L. Masters
Sumter (Georgia) Artillery[25]


   Ltc Allen S. Cutts

  • Blackshear's Battery: Cpt James A. Blackshear
  • Price's Battery: Cpt John V. Price
Miscellaneous[26]
  • Chapman's battery, Dixie (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt W. H. Chapman
  • Dabney's (Virginia) Battery: Cpt W. J. Dabney
  • Dearing's (Lynchburg) Battery: Cpt James Dearing
  • Grimes' (Virginia) Portsmouth Battery: Cpt Carey F. Grimes
  • Hamilton's Battery: Cpt B. P. Hamilton

Cavalry[edit]

Brigade Regiments and Others
Cavalry


   BG J.E.B. Stuart

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XI, Part 2, pages 483-489
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XI, Part 2, pages 502-510 and pages 973-984
  3. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XI, Part 2, pages 12-19
  4. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g These brigades are numbered as of the Valley District.
  6. ^ Cunningham commanded the brigade in the absence of Jones until June 29, when Jones took over. Jones was wounded on July 1, after which command devolved again on Cunningham.
  7. ^ Served part of time under Longstreet and Jackson.
  8. ^ Turned over command to John B. Gordon due to illness June 29.
  9. ^ Commanded Winfield Featherston's brigade July 1.
  10. ^ Temporarily assigned from the Artillery Reserve.
  11. ^ a b Of the Sumter (Georgia) Artillery, temporarily attached from the Artillery Reserve.
  12. ^ Of Richardson's Battalion, from the Artillery Reserve.
  13. ^ Of Nelson's Battalion, temporarily attached from the Artillery Reserve.
  14. ^ Commanding part of time D.H. Hill's Division, his own Division, and A.P. Hill's Light Division.
  15. ^ Temporarily commanded Longstreet's division June 29-30.
  16. ^ Stepped down from brigade command June 29 due to illness.
  17. ^ a b Belonging to the Department of North Carolina, temporarily attached to Huger's Division.
  18. ^ Served part of time under Longstreet.
  19. ^ Ransom's (Second) and Walker's (Fourth) Brigade temporarily attached to Huger's Division.
  20. ^ Temporarily attached.
  21. ^ Only the batteries mentioned in the reports are here given.
  22. ^ Kirkpatrick's Battery served with Magruder's Division.
  23. ^ Woolfolk's Battery served with First's Division Magruder's Command.
  24. ^ a b From A.P. Hill's Light Division, temporarily attached.
  25. ^ Lane's Battery served with First's Division Magruder's Command and Ross' Battery with Huger's Division.
  26. ^ Including all batteries mentioned in the reports and not otherwise accounted for.

References[edit]