Shah Deniz gas field
|Start of production||2006|
|Current production of gas||7×109 m3/a (250×109 cu ft/a)|
|Estimated oil in place||3,000 million barrels (~4.1×108 t)|
|Estimated gas in place||1,200×109 m3 (42×1012 cu ft)|
Shah Deniz gas field is the largest natural gas field in Azerbaijan. It is situated in the South Caspian Sea, off the coast of Azerbaijan, approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Baku, at a depth of 600 metres (2,000 ft). The field covers approximately 860 square kilometres (330 sq mi). The Shah Deniz gas and condensate field was discovered in 1999. Stretching out over 140 square kilometres, the reservoir is similar in size and shape to Manhattan Island.
It is considered to be a founding link for the Southern Gas Corridor, aiming to bring additional and alternative natural gas volumes to EU member countries.
Eni sold its 5% share to LUKOIL in June 2004. Later divestitures included pre-FID (Final Investment Decision) in December 2013 sales of 10% of the shares by Statoil, to BP and SOCAR who shared them at 3.3% and 6.7% respectively. as well as sale by Total SA in May 2014 its 10% share to Turkish TPAO
The Shah Deniz reserves are estimated at between 1.5 billion barrels (240,000,000 m3) to 3 billion barrels (480,000,000 m3) of oil equivalent from 50 to 100 billion cubic meters of gas. Gas production to date at the end of 2005 was estimated to be approximately 7 billion cubic meters (600 mmcf/day avg). The Shah Deniz field also contains gas condensate in excess of 400 million cubic meters.
The 692 kilometres (430 mi) South Caucasus Pipeline, which began operation at the end of 2006, transports gas from the Shah Deniz field in the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea to Turkey, through Georgia.
The Shah Deniz scheme started to produce gas at the end of December 2006, three months later than expected, and was forced to close briefly in January 2007. Azerbaijan announced that the field had resumed output only to admit that it had been shut down once more, for a few weeks, due to technical issues. The shutdown forced Georgia to buy emergency gas supplies from Russia at a market price. Georgia hopes that production from Shah Deniz will allow the country to decrease its energy — and political — dependence on Russia.
By July 2007, the Shah Deniz gas plant at Sangachal Terminal was fully operational, with all buyers of Shah Deniz taking gas.
Shah Deniz-2 discussions started in 2008 with the main topic being the selection of transportation routes for additional gas volumes. Five-year-long, intense negotiations were finalized with the signing of the Final Investment Decision (FID) on 17 December 2013 in Baku, Azerbaijan.
Key discussions concentrated on the selection of a pipeline to deliver the additional gas from the field to the European markets. It took years of negotiations to narrow down almost a dozen proposals to the final competing projects, TAP and Nabucco.
Nine companies agreed to sign a gas sales agreement (GSA) with the consortium:
- Axpo Trading AG
- Bulgargaz EAD
- DEPA Public Gas Corporation of Greece S.A.
- Enel Trade SpA
- E.ON Global Commodities SE
- Gas Natural Aprovisionamientos SDG SA
- GDF SUEZ S.A.
- Hera Trading srl
- Shell Energy Europe Limited
Out of total 10 bcm intended for Europe, 1 bcm will go to Bulgaria and Greece and the rest will go to buyers in other countries, mainly Italy.
The project will include two additional bridge-linked offshore gas platforms, undersea wells and an expansion of the gas plant at Sangachal Terminal, at an estimated cost of at least $10 billion.
- "Upstream Online.Socar tallies up giant Umid field". Archived from the original on 2012-10-02. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Statoil exits Shah Deniz with $2.25 billion sale to Petronas" (Press release). Reuters. 13 October 2014.
- . MacAlister, Terry (2007-02-05). "More trouble for BP as gas scheme is halted". London: Guardian. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2008-07-12.
- Aida Sultanova; Andrew Langley (2007-10-01). "Investment in Shah Deniz Stage 2 Seen at $10 Billion". Rigzone. Archived from the original on 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2008-07-12.
- Shah Deniz, Offshore Technology website
- Shah Deniz and the South Caucasus gas pipeline, Statoil website
- Shahdeniz-2 brochure, BP Azerbaijan