Signal Mountain, Tennessee
|Signal Mountain, Tennessee|
Location of Signal Mountain in Hamilton County, Tennessee
|• Total||7.7 sq mi (19.9 km2)|
|• Land||7.7 sq mi (19.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,703 ft (519 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||8,573|
|• Density||986/sq mi (380.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1270254|
Signal Mountain is a town in Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States. The town is a suburb of Chattanooga and is located on Walden Ridge. "Signal Mountain" is used as a colloquial name for the part of Walden Ridge close to the town. The town population was 7,554 as of the 2010 census and estimated to be 8,573 in 2016.
Signal Mountain is located in southwestern Hamilton County at 35°8′N 85°21′W (35.1291, -85.3424), atop the south end of Walden Ridge. The southern edge of the town overlooks the Tennessee River 1,000 feet (300 m) below. The town is bordered to the south by the city of Chattanooga, to the northeast by the town of Walden, and to the north by the unincorporated community of Fairmount.
Signal Mountain's history dates back years before settlement of the mountain itself. Centuries prior to the Civil War, Native Americans used a location on the mountain known as Signal Point to send fire and smoke signals across the Tennessee Valley. Later, the Union Army used Signal Point as a communications station during the Civil War. At the outbreak of the war, only a few families lived on the mountain. However, when various health epidemics struck Chattanooga in 1873 and 1878, several wealthy families relocated to the mountain where they could find clear air and pure water. In the early 20th century, Charles E. James purchased 4,400 acres (18 km2) of land in the Signal Point area and developed the mountain. In 1913, construction was completed of twelve miles (19 km) of streetcar track, which linked Chattanooga to Signal Mountain. While the streetcars are no longer used, the tracks remain in the streets of Signal Mountain's historic district named after Velma. On April 4, 1919, the Tennessee Legislature passed the bill that chartered the Town of Signal Mountain. During the 1970s, the town experienced significant growth. In 2013 Signal Mountain made Bloomberg Businessweeks' list of the best places to raise a family.
- Susan Akin, 1986 Miss America
- Zane Birdwell, Grammy Award-winning recording engineer
- Rachel Boston, actress and producer
- Charles H. Coolidge, Medal of Honor recipient, namesake of Coolidge Park and member of 3rd Battalion, 141st Infantry Regiment
- Byron De La Beckwith, convicted murderer of civil rights leader Medgar Evers, moved to Signal Mountain near the end of his life
- Emma Bell Miles, writer, poet, and artist
- Suzanne Fisher Staples, author of award-winning Shiva's Fire and other books
- Mary Q. Steele and William O. Steele, a married pair of children's authors who separately wrote Newbery Honor-winning books
- Paul V. Nolan (1923–2009), Tennessee state legislator 1969-1970
- Robert Doggart Congressional candidate who was arrested in 2017 and sentenced to 19 years for a plot to attack Islamberg, New York 
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,554 people, 2,950 households, and 2,175 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,112.6 people per square mile (429.4/km2). There were 3,168 housing units at an average density of 457.4 per square mile (176.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.2% White, 0.03% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, and 0.2% from other races.
There were 2,960 households, of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.
The population of Signal Mountain was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64 and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
The median income for a household was $78,900, and the median income for a family was $130,997. Males had a median income of $102,241 versus $54,878 for females. The per capita income for the town was $71,134. About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
Signal Mountain is home to a number of outdoors attractions, including the Cumberland Trail, Mabbitt Springs, and Signal Point, which is part of Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. Visitors and citizens have many different locations where they can hike and backpack, such as Rainbow Lake and Edward's Point.
The Signal Mountain Playhouse presents two plays per year including an outdoor musical every summer in the natural amphitheatre behind the Town Hall. The MACC (Mountain Arts Community Center), located in the historic Signal Mountain Elementary School building, offers classes in music, dance, and visual arts. The neighboring town of Walden hosts an outdoor public playground and pavilion called the Pumpkin Patch that is open for all to enjoy. Also, Bachman Community Center has many annual events as well as a small library and community garden plots. The Mountain Opry hosts a weekly bluegrass music show every Friday evening.
- Elementary schools:
- Middle school: Signal Mountain Middle/High School
- High school: Signal Mountain Middle/High School
- Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Signal Mountain town, Tennessee". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "Obituaries - Nolan, Paul V". The Chattanoogan. June 27, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2017.