Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway
The Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway, formerly the Ottawa River Parkway, is a four-lane scenic parkway along the Ottawa River in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It runs from Carling Avenue near Connaught Avenue, to Booth Street at the Canadian War Museum and National Holocaust Monument. It is maintained by the National Capital Commission. The speed limit is 60 km/h (37 mph). Bicycles are allowed on the road and on a parallel recreational path along the parkway.
Besides being a scenic route, it serves as a commuter artery for westend residents who work in the downtown area, particularly government employees who work at the Tunney's Pasture office complex, and other areas. It is also used by the transit systems of Ottawa and Gatineau for express buses.
The Parkway begins with on and off-ramps from Carling Avenue. The interchange is also the site of the Lincoln Fields Transitway station, with access driveways for OC Transpo buses. The Parkway proceeds north, passing under Richmond Road, then curving eastward along the Ottawa River. The Parkway follows the shore, with both directions separated by a grass median. The area along the river is mostly cleared of trees, allowing a view of the River and far shore line. The area to the south is partially forested, separating the roadway from residential areas to the south.
Approximately 1 km from the start of the Parkway, is the Deschenes Rapids scenic lookout area. Driveways connect the two directions of the Parkway to the area, which has a small parking lot and picnic areas. The road meets Woodroffe Avenue a few hundred metres east. Northbound Woodroffe Avenue traffic joins the Parkway's eastbound lanes, while traffic from both directions of the Parkway are allowed onto southbound Woodroffe.
The roadway continues east along the river shore until a signalized intersection with the OC Transpo Transitway. From this point east, the roadway is for the exclusive use of non-commercial vehicles and bicycles. The Parkway follows the river bank to the north, while the Transitway diverges east along an old railway right-of-way.
The next landmark on the Parkway is Kitchissipi Lookout and Beach. The beach is also known as Westboro Beach. The Parkway passes over a pedestrian access walkway from the residential area to the east, with an intersection to the beach parking area. The beach is provided with a pavilion overlooking the River and the beach, which has changing rooms and a restaurant patio.
The Parkway curves east and proceeds to a large intersection with Island Park Drive. Island Park connects north to Gatineau across a series of bridges and a park over the Ottawa River. The intersection's traffic lights are controlled to provide turning signals. Just east of the intersection is another park and lookout area, provided with driveways to a parking lot near the river.
The Parkway continues east until a signalized intersection for access to the Tunney's Pasture campus of the federal government. An extra turning lane is provided to access the large parking lot of the campus. Further east, the Parkway passes over Parkdale Avenue, with on and off-ramps between Parkdale and the Parkway. A signalized intersection is provided to the east providing access to the Mechanicsville neighbourhood to the south, and Lemieux Island and its park and filtration station to the north, along an unnamed roadway. Access to and from the Parkway and this intersection is only allowed during off-peak hours.
The Parkway continues east into the LeBreton Flats area. The Parkway ends at Vimy Place, which is the roadway to around Lebreton Flats to get to the Museum of War. East of Sir John A MacDonald Park, at Vimy Place, is the beginning of Wellington Street, which belongs to the City of Ottawa (ref: Geo Ottawa GIS Map)
- Use by buses
It is closed to commercial traffic, so the majority of vehicles are private cars. From Lincoln Fields to Dominion stations, it shares traffic with the Transitway rapid-bus network, as well as STO buses from Gatineau (between Tunney's Pasture and the Champlain Bridge).
- Summer Sunday closures
SJAM Winter Trail
In 2016, the NCC approved a proposal to turn the parallel recreational path into a mixed use winter trail for cross country skiing, walking, snowshoeing and biking. The trail was an instant success and has since been expanded to cover a distance of 16 km stretching from the Canadian War Museum down to Westboro Beach. The winter trail is now in its fourth season and is jointly managed by the groomer (Dave Adams) and Dovercourt Recreation Centre.
The River Parkway was first proposed as part of Greber Plans for Ottawa in the 1940s. The parkway was built by purchasing former rail lands along the waterfront, and the purchase of private riverfront houses. The Parkway was designed as a scenic drive, with commercial vehicles prohibited. At the time of its construction, Carling Avenue was part of Ontario Highway 17, and the Parkway provided an alternative, scenic drive to the parliamentary precinct. When the Queensway freeway was constructed the River Parkway was not extended to the Queensway, and access from the Queensway is marked from the Richmond Road interchange.
In the 1990s, the expansion of the bridge at Island Park was a major issue. The National Capital Commission proposed a fully grade-separated interchange to the River Parkway, with a major expansion in capacity of the bridge over the river. Organized opposition in Ottawa to the plans led to a reduced plan by the NCC. The bridge is three lanes, with the direction of the middle lane switched during different hours of the day. The NCC also built a signalized intersection at Tunney's Pasture at the time.
The construction of the new Canada War Museum on Booth Street was done in conjunction with a re-routing of the section of the River Parkway in the area. The River Parkway's original route parallelled the river bank, bypassing the Lebreton Flats area, passing over Booth Street on an overpass, terminating at the Portage Bridge intersection. The War Museum now occupies the riverside location of the old Parkway. The new route connects from just south-west of the Portage Bridge intersection, along a route several hundred metres to the south, passing through Lebreton Flats and intersecting with area streets at signalized intersections. The intersection with Booth Street prohibits turns from Booth Street onto the River Parkway.
In 2015, the NCC and the City of Ottawa reached an agreement to run the light rail under a reconstructed and realigned Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway, from what will be Dominion to Cleary stations (East to West, roughly between present-day Churchill Avenue and Cleary Avenue).
In 2012, the Ottawa River Parkway was renamed to honour Canada's first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird, MP for Ottawa West-Nepean announced the change on August 15, 2012. The renaming followed a grassroots campaign led by author and historian Bob Plamondon and Ottawa media personality Mark Sutcliffe. It was part of a process engaged in by the then government of Stephen Harper of renaming sites in the National Capital Region after prominent former members of the Conservative and Progressive Conservative parties of Canada. On Jan. 11, the former Wellington Street Bank of Montreal had been also renamed the Sir John A. Macdonald Building in January 2012.
The name change, however, was not without some controversy. In June 2021, after the discovery of a mass grave at Kamloops Indian Residential School, city councillors Catherine McKenney, Jeff Leiper, and Theresa Kavanagh wrote to the federal government asking to remove Macdonald's name from the parkway and to find a new name based off consultations with local First Nations. The parkway is located on traditionally Algonquin land.
The following table lists the major junctions along Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway. The entire route is located in Ottawa. All exits are unnumbered.
|1||0.62||SW Transitway||Buses-only exit; westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|3||1.9||Deschenes Rapids||Park access intersection to access riverside trail and parking|
|3||1.9||Woodroffe Avenue, Ottawa Road 15||At-grade intersection without traffic lights; no westbound access|
|5||3.1||Transitway||Buses-only exit; eastbound exit and west entrance|
|5||3.1||Kitchissipi Lookout||Park access intersection to access riverside trail, parking, and beach|
|6||3.7||Island Park Drive||At-grade intersection with traffic lights|
|6||3.7||Park Access||Park access intersection to access riverside trail and parking|
|8||5.0||Tunney's Pasture/Park Access||Access to Goldenrod Street (Tunney's Pasture) to the south, riverside trail and parking to the north|
|8||5.0||Parkdale Avenue, Ottawa Road 71||Trumpet Interchange|
|8||5.0||Slidell Street/River Street (not signed)||Northbound is access to Lemieux Island; southbound is access to Laroche Park, Mechanicsville, Hintonburg|
|9||5.6||Vimy Place||At-grade intersection|
|10||6.2||Booth Street||Wellington Street continues east|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "Winter Trail Building in the Capital". NCC-CCN. Retrieved 2020-04-03.
- "ABOUT – SJAM Winter Trail". Retrieved 2020-04-03.
- "Winter Trail Building in the Capital". NCC-CCN. Retrieved 2020-04-03.
- "NCC–City Working Group achieves breakthrough agreement for the alignment of the western light rail transit extension". Ottawa. 2015. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
- "Ottawa River Parkway renamed after Sir John A. Macdonald". CBC. August 15, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- Harper, Tim (August 19, 2012). "Stephen Harper's Conservatives Winning the Ottawa name game". The Star.
- Wherry, Aaron (August 21, 2012). "Was John A. Macdonald a white supremacist?". Maclean's. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
- Allston, David. "The building project that changed Kitchissippi forever". Kitchissippi Times. Retrieved September 5, 2017.