Sonic the Hedgehog (Archie Comics)
|Sonic the Hedgehog|
Sonic the Hedgehog #0 (February 1993)
Sega of America
|Publication date||November 22, 1992–December 28, 2016|
|No. of issues||290|
|Written by||Ian Flynn|
Mike Pellerito (Managing Editor)
Sonic the Hedgehog is an American comic book series published by Archie Comics, in partnership with Sega. The series is based on Sega's video game franchise as well as DiC Entertainment's 1993 animated series of the same name. After initially beginning with a four issue miniseries between 1992-93, the first full-length issue of the comic was published in July 1993. The series ran for 290 issues for over 20 years, earning a place in the 2008 Guinness World Records for being one of the longest running comic series based on a video game, before it was canceled in July 2017, following Sega and Archie Comics' decision to discontinue their business relationship. The series features a cast of hundreds of characters, consisting of those derived from the Sonic games and those original to the comics, with stories focused on a crime-fighting organization called the Freedom Fighters, led by Sonic, as they face off against series antagonist Doctor Eggman alongside a variety of other villains.
While the series largely consists of its own continuity, certain issues implemented aspects of the Sonic video games into their plots and settings. Following a lawsuit in 2013 by former writer Ken Penders, Archie rebooted the series, removing several characters from the comics' continuity and moving it closer to that of the games. Over its history, the series has seen a number of spin-off publications being created - these include Sonic Universe, which focuses on stories revolving around different side characters from the main series; Knuckles the Echidna, focusing on adventures involving Knuckles and his friends the Chaotix; and Sonic X, a comic series based on the Japanese anime of the same name. In addition, the comic series has had two crossovers with Archie's Mega Man comic-book series, based on the Mega Man video games from Capcom.
A succeeding series of Sonic comics by IDW Publishing began serialization from April 2018, following a new licensing deal initiated with Sega. Ian Flynn, who formerly worked on the Archie series, was recruited by IDW to help with producing stories for the new series.
The Sonic the Hedgehog comic debuted in the US as a four-part miniseries (cover-dated 1992 to Feb. 1993). This was followed up a few months later by the ongoing series Sonic the Hedgehog (July 1993 – December 2016). Numerous one-shot specials and a reprint series followed.
The comics follow the adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog and his friends, called the Freedom Fighters, who battle against the evil Doctor Eggman. Initially based on the plot of the 1993 animated series, the comic later incorporated elements from the video games and other media. Ken Penders, former writer of the comic, sued Sega, EA, and Archie Comics for copyright infringements, leading to a continuity reboot with all established characters created by Penders and other writers being removed, save those of current writer Ian Flynn, who penned the new continuity, and those created for assorted animated series, which Sega retains the rights to. The new continuity is a world much more closer to the world depicted in Sega's games.
The original universe, which remained canon until the comic’s 247th issue, is set on the planet Mobius, an alternate version of Earth where animals were mutated into the anthropomorphic Mobians. Dr. Robotnik is depicted as a tyrant, ruling from Robotropolis, following a coup d'état against the Kingdom of Acorn. A small band of heroes, the Freedom Fighters, fight back against his forces from the secluded village Knothole. Amongst the group are Sonic, Miles "Tails" Prower, Princess Sally Acorn, Antoine D’Coolette, cybernetic Bunnie Rabbot, Rotor the Walrus, Amy Rose, and Sally’s handheld computer Nicole. Other allies like Knuckles the Echidna and Sonic’s Uncle Chuck join them in later chapters. Robotnik in turn is aided by his nephew Snively.
Robotnik meets his demise in the fiftieth issue, erased from existence by his own superweapon. An alternate version of Robotnik from a parallel world becomes the lead antagonist, first introduced as "Robo-Robotnik", but later takes on the name of Dr. Eggman. New antagonists were introduced, including the evil sorcerer Ixis Naugus; Scourge the Hedgehog, Sonic’s evil counterpart from a parallel universe; and the Dark Egg Legion, a union of other factions like the Iron Dominion and the echidna-led Dark Legion. Game storylines like Sonic Adventure and Sonic Adventure 2 were adapted, introducing Shadow the Hedgehog as a recurring character.
The Xorda, an extraterrestrial race whose past actions led to the creation Mobius and evolved anthropomorphic animals, try to destroy the planet. Sonic defeats them, only to end up lost in space, but returns home a year later. Sally’s father, King Maximillian, is poisoned by Antoine’s evil counterpart, Patch, and hands the throne over to his son Prince Elias. For a brief time, Snively defects to the Freedom Fighters only to betray them, bombing Knothole with the Egg Fleet. The citizens are imprisoned in the Egg Grapes, but Sonic frees them. Nicole uses nanites to create New Mobotropolis. Tails’ father Amadeus tries to bring democracy to the city, but Sally prevents a civil war by establishing the Council of Acorn, consisting of royal and public officials.
Eggman has a mental breakdown due to his failed attempts to control the planet, allowing Snively and the Iron Queen Regina Ferrum to take over his empire, leading to a lengthy war against the Freedom Fighters. Naugus comes to rule New Mobotropolis as king due to a deal Sally’s father made with him. Eggman returns to power, unleashing the Genesis Wave, altering the world, but Sonic reverses it. Sally sacrifices herself to stop Eggman’s superweapon, the World Roboticizer, and becomes a robot. The Freedom Fighters reform as Team Freedom, Team Fighters, and the Secret Freedom Fighters to combat Eggman and Naugus.
Eggman activates a second Genesis Wave, transporting himself, Sonic, and other characters into the world of Mega Man, leading to the crossover Worlds Collide. A second crossover Worlds Unite happened in 2015, featuring characters from other Sega and Capcom titles.
The original multiverse ceased to exist when Dr. Eggman launched the Super Genesis Wave in conjunction with Dr. Wily, causing the Prime Zone (Sonic's World Dimension) to be irreversibly rewritten and the multiverse surrounding it to collapse in on itself, destroying every prior known reality (with the exception of the Special Zone and the Sol Zone, Blaze's World Dimension, the latter due to the Jeweled Scepter) and creating new ones in their place.
Sonic and Dr. Eggman maintain their memories of the original continuity, which are then shared with Tails, Sally, Rotor, Antoine, Bunnie, Amy Rose, and Naugus when they make contact with Nicole. However, this world is altered by the second Genesis Wave and Earth is split apart, awakening Dark Gaia, leading to the events of Sonic Unleashed. The comic also introduces Naugus’ sister Wendy, a witch who pledges allegiance to Eggman and plots to gain the Cacophonic Conch.
The series was originally published as a four issue mini-series, with the first issue labeled as "issue 0". At the end of the fourth issue of the series, it was announced that Sonic would return in a regular series, and the next issue was published as "issue 1" of the regular series.
Alongside the main Sonic series, Archie Comics published various special issues. Longer than typical issues of the comic, these specials feature stories involving Sonic and other related characters. Several miniseries have also been published, featuring characters such as Sally, Tails and Knuckles.
Because of the popularity of the specials and Miniseries featuring Knuckles, in 1997, Knuckles the Echidna became an ongoing series. Knuckles' stories featured its own cast of characters, including the Chaotix. In 1999, the series was canceled, but the stories were continued in the pages of Sonic the Hedgehog until it was phased out completely by Sonic issue 125. In this form, a typical issue of Sonic included a Sonic story and a second, shorter Knuckles story afterwards, though eventually this phased out as well.
In order to allow for stories that focused more on side characters than primarily on Sonic-most notably the other characters featured in the Sega games-the Sonic Universe comic line was introduced. This series has included a wide range of characters previously introduced in other comic issues, as well as allowing for the introduction of additional characters to the comic cast. Typically, the series is broken up into four-issue long story arcs focusing on a select character or group of characters, though one-issue stories have also been released.
Archie has also produced two Sonic series based on other branches of the Sonic franchise, namely the Sonic X anime and the Sonic Boom cartoon. The Sonic X series began in September 2005, and ended after forty issues, the last of which featured a crossover story with the main Sonic the Hedgehog series that served as a prequel to the first Sonic Universe issue. The Sonic Boom line began in October 2014, and was later incorporated into Worlds Unite before concluding with its eleventh issue in September 2015.
The Archie Sonic series has also produced several Free Comic Book Day issues, which typically feature either reprints of older issues or new stories that fit into the series continuity. Since 2013 these issues have served as a combination free comic special with the Mega Man series; a free Sonic issue serving as a prequel to Sonic Lost World was also released in 2013 for Halloween Comic Fest. Various compilations have also been put together, such as the Sonic Saga Series, Sonic Archives and Knuckles Archives, Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Universe and standalone graphic novels, Sonic Legacy, Best of Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Super Digest and Sonic Super Special Magazine. Following Worlds Collide the latter two series and the Free Comic Book Day issues began featuring stories in a series entitled "Sonic Comic Origins", which detailed the histories of various characters in the post-reboot continuity.
A short, three panel comic strip similar to those found in a newspaper at the end of some issues called Off-Panel. It was originally found in the main series of comics, and was later continued in the spinoff series Sonic Universe. Earlier strips involved fictional version of staff interacting with comic characters, while later strips removed this element, it always retains elements of comical gags relating to the issues main story, often containing fourth wall breaking.
The comic book has had a large cast of characters, primarily originating from the video games, the 1993 animated series, and other media. A number of characters were created by various writers including Ken Penders, Ian Flynn, Michael Gallagher, Karl Bollers, and Dan Slott. Following Penders' lawsuit against Sega, Archie Comics, and EA Games, the continuity of the comic was rebooted into a new timeline, removing most of the characters created by previous writers, save Flynn. Due to the large cast, only major and recurring characters are included in this section.
The central protagonists of the comic, the Freedom Fighters are a resistance movement who battle against Dr. Eggman and various other antagonists for the freedom of their planet. The main faction are the Knothole Freedom Fighters, led by Sonic the Hedgehog and Princess Sally Acorn, who operate from the village of Knothole in the Great Forest.
- Sonic the Hedgehog: The main protagonist, a blue hedgehog capable of running at supersonic speeds. The leader of the Knothole Freedom Fighters, Sonic and his friends fight to protect their home from Dr. Eggman and other antagonists. He is characterized as being naturally heroic, cocky, free-spirited, loyal to his friends, and enjoys eating chili dogs. In the original continuity, he was the son of Jules and Bernadette Hedgehog, who were both roboticized. He is viewed as a legendary figure in his home dimension, and throughout the multiverse. In the "Mobius: X Years Later" arc, set in an alternate future, Sonic became King of Mobius, married to his love interest Sally Acorn, and had two children named Sonia and Manik (sharing their names with Sonic’s siblings in Sonic Underground). Sonic has shown an ability to transform into super forms, like Super Sonic, when using the power of the Chaos Emeralds and other magical devices.
- Princess Sally Acorn: Co-leader of the Freedom Fighters and Sonic’s main love interest. A 16-year old chipmunk, Sally is a mature, firm, kind, and tomboyish character. Taken to Knothole as a child during Dr. Robotnik’s coup d'état, she grew up to lead the Freedom Fighters against the Eggman Empire. In the original continuity, she was daughter of King Maximillian and Queen Alicia, and had an older brother, Prince Elias, who ascended the throne after her father’s abdication. Sally had an on-and-off relationship with Sonic, but also had romances with Geoffrey St. John and Monkey Khan. Sally sacrificed herself to protect the world from Eggman’s World Roboticizer, and was transformed into Mecha Sally. Following the second Genesis Wave, that created a new continuity, Sally is now the sole heir of King Nigel Acorn, and was never roboticized, regaining her memories of the original timeline.
- Miles "Tails" Prower: A young, twin-tailed fox who is Sonic’s best friend. At first a supporting character, Tails later became a prominent member of the Freedom Fighters. He was the child of Amadeus and Rosemary Prower, two key figures in the Kingdom of Acorn’s government, but both were roboticized, and later rescued by the extraterrestrial species, the Bem. When Tails’ parents attempted to ignite a revolution against the Acorn monarchy, it put Tails in conflict with Sonic until the Republic of Acorn was formed thanks to Sally bringing peace. In "Mobius: X Years Later", Tails married Mina Mongoose and had two children Melody and Skye. After the second Genesis Wave, Tails, regaining his memories of the first continuity, built the Sky Patrol aircraft and is aided by robot named T-Pup.
- Bunnie Rabbot: An 18-year old cyborg rabbit, Bunnie was partially roboticized as a child, though this was altered in the new continuity, where Uncle Chuck turned her into a cyborg to save her life from an injury. A courageous, good-natured character, Bunnie speaks with a Southern accent and has ambitions of being a hair stylist. Her mechanical limbs have had several abilities including extensions, rocket-powered flight, and could transform into weapons. In both continuities, Bunnie married Antoine D’Coolette. Her uncle, Beauregarde "The Baron" Rabbot, was a member of Eggman's Dark Egg Legion. In "Mobius: X Years Later", Bunnie and Antoine had two children, Jacques and Belle.
- Antoine D'Coolette: A 19-year old coyote who sports a French accent (starting with issue #10). Initially pompous and bumbling, Antoine hid behind a wall of bravado to hide his anxieties. He had a crush on Sally, but fell in love with and then married Bunnie. He is a skilled swordsman, and is shown to have developed his own take on Sonic’s signature Spin Dash manoeuvre. In the original continuity, his father was Armand D’Coolette, a former war general, who was roboticized and served as Dr. Robotnik's High Sheriff in Mercia. He was restored to normal, but was later poisoned by Antoine's evil counterpart Patch D'Coolette. Antoine was knocked into a coma after defending his friends from Metal Sonic, though in the rebooted continuity, his injury never occurred.
- Rotor the Walrus: A large, purple-coloured walrus, Rotor serves as the mechanic and inventor for the Freedom Fighters. Formerly nicknamed "Boomer". Intelligent but laidback and a little lacking in self-confidence, Rotor acts as the muscle of the group. Though a main member of the Freedom Fighters, Rotor took an increasing backseat role as the comic continued, becoming a member of the Council of Acorn, but later become a member of Team Freedom alongside Cream the Rabbit, Big the Cat, and robots Heavy and Bomb. His spine was injured during the destruction of Knothole, leading him to wear a specially-designed suit that could help him in battle. In the rebooted continuity, he has gained a more muscular physique, and built the Sky Patrol with Tails. The reboot also introduced his estranged father Tundra the Walrus, who serves as one of Dr. Eggman's sub-commanders. In 2009, The Sonic Stadium reported that Ken Penders had planned to reveal Rotor as gay in the Mobius: 25 Years Later storyline.
- Nicole: The artificial intelligence of Sally’s handheld computer who can appear as a holographic Mobian lynx. Nicole, at first, lacks a personality but developed one over the course of the comic. In the original continuity, Nicole was programmed by a version of Rotor from the future; while in the reboot, she was designed by scientist Dr. Ellidy, based on his deceased daughter Nikki. Nicole was given nanobots obtained from one of Dr. Eggman’s creations, allowing her to create and protect the city New Mobotropolis, making her a powerful character in the comic. However, she was brainwashed by the Iron Dominion and attacked the city, something that was later used by the newly coronated King Naugus to have her exiled. In the new continuity, Nicole regains her handheld form, and several characters who make physical contact with her regain their memories from the lost timeline.
- Amy Rose: A pre-teen hedgehog who has a long-standing crush on Sonic. Optimistic, cheerful, and tough, Amy began as a supporting character but evolved into a leading protagonist and a major member of the Freedom Fighters. Amy was introduced as a cousin to Rob O’the Hedge, being rather bratty, immature, and physically, had her character design as seen in Sonic CD. Wishing to become a Freedom Fighter, Amy used the magical Ring of Acorns to physically age herself, now resembling her modern appearance introduced in Sonic Adventure. Amy wields the Pico Pico Hammer in battle, and occasionally, leads Team Rose, which consisted of herself, Cream the Rabbit, Big the Cat, and Blaze the Cat. She later joined Team Fighters alongside Sonic and Tails. Following the continuity reboot, Amy remains a member of the Knothole Freedom Fighters, regaining her memories of the original timeline by touching Nicole alongside Sally.
- Cream the Rabbit and Cheese the Chao: A young, six-year old rabbit and her Chao companion, Cream and Cheese lived an idyllic life with Cream's mother Vanilla until Dr. Eggman invaded. Cream is sweet, kind, and considerate, befriending Amy Rose and the more volatile Blaze the Cat. They are members of Team Rose, and became a part of Team Freedom alongside Rotor, Big, and Chaotix members Heavy and Bomb.
- Big the Cat: A large, simple-minded fisherman who lives in the Mystic Ruins, accompanied by his best friend Froggy. Though a little dumb, Big is quite friendly, capable of using his great size and strength to aid the Freedom Fighters. He is a member of Team Rose, later Team Freedom, and then the Knothole Freedom Fighters following the second Genesis Wave.
- Dulcy the Dragon: A supporting member of the Freedom Fighters, Dulcy was one of the last Mobian dragons left unroboticized at the start of the comic’s story. She is ditzy, emotional, and clumsy, but loyal to her friends. Following the continuity reboot, Dulcy was given a new character design, and reimagined as a member of the Shijin Warriors in Yurashia.
- Lupe the Wolf: A Mobian wolf who is an ally to the Freedom Fighters, and a member of the reclusive Wolf Pack. A brave warrior, Lupe was inspired to oppose Dr. Eggman after meeting Sally, Sonic, and Antoine. In the original continuity, Lupe was chieftain of the Pack, leading them against the Eggman Empire, but when captured by a roboticized Uncle Chuck, she sacrificed herself to be his lone victim and spared her people from enslavement. This was later reversed by the Bem, and Lupe made peace with Chuck.
- Uncle Chuck: Sonic’s uncle, originally named Sir Charles Hedgehog and then Professor Charles the Hedgehog, Uncle Chuck played a key role in the rise of both Sonic and Dr. Eggman. The inventor of the original Roboticizer, Uncle Chuck designed it to heal people from life-threatening injuries, such as his brother Jules, only for the original Dr. Robotnik to steal the blueprints and use it to turn people into robotic slaves, known as Robians in the original continuity. Chuck evacuated the young Freedom Fighters during Robotnik’s coup d’état, later captured and roboticized himself. He was freed by Sonic’s efforts, becoming an ally to the Freedom Fighters as an inventor. Chuck is aided in the new continuity by Ben Muttski, who first existed as Sonic's pet dog, before being reimagined as an anthropomorphic canine.
- Knuckles the Echidna: An echidna who guards the floating Angel Island and the Master Emerald, Knuckles is a prominent character throughout the comic’s history, having his own spin-off comic that ran from 1997 to 1999. Knuckles is a single-minded character, focused on his duty protecting his home, but is stubborn, hot-headed, and gullible. His initial backstory differentiated from video game canonicity, the comic introducing a rich cast of characters, created by Ken Penders, most of whom were echidnas. Knuckles guarded the Master Emerald as taught to by his father Locke, but left occasionally to aid the Freedom Fighters and his own team, the Chaotix. He eventually gained a romantic interest, Julie-Su, and in "Mobius: X Years Later", the couple has a daughter named Lara-Su, who would inherit her father’s role as guardian of Angel Island.
- Julie-Su: Knuckles’ love interest prominently featured in the original continuity. A member of the Chaotix, Julie-Su was a tomboyish, tough character, just as stubborn and temperamental as Knuckles. Raised as a soldier of the echidna-based Dark Legion, Julie was abused by her half-sister Lien-Da, and eventually left to join Knuckles and the Chaotix. Julie-Su and all of the other echidnas were imprisoned in another dimension by Thrash the Tasmanian Devil, a writing decision introduced following Ken Penders’ lawsuit against Archie Comics, removing the character from the comic.
- Lara-Su: The daughter of Knuckles and Julie-Su, Lara appeared in the "Light Mobius" timeline originating from "Mobius: X Years Later". Lara wished to inherit her father’s role as guardian of the Master Emerald, though Knuckles at first refused her the role due to his own past upbringing. When the timeline was warped by Sonic to save the future, Lara fought to correct it by deposing Shadow the Hedgehog, who had become the new King of Mobius instead of Sonic. Lara eventually became the guardian of the Master Emerald, a role which lasted at least five years. An alternate version of Lara, named Jani-Ca, exists in the "Dark Mobius" timeline, leader of the Dark Freedom Fighters and sought to defeat Dark Enerjak, actually her father Knuckles, Lara then inheriting the mantle of Enerjak.
- The Chaotix: A group of Mobians formed by Knuckles to help the Freedom Fighters, but also work as a detective agency. The original line-up introduced in the comic consisted of Knuckles and Julie-Su; Vector the Crocodile, a detective who serves as the de facto leader; Espio the Chameleon, a quiet, focused ninja; the pacifistic traveller Mighty the Armadillo, and his best friend Ray the Flying Squirrel; hyperactive Charmy Bee, who was initially introduced as the runaway prince of the Golden Hive Colony; his girlfriend Saffron Bee; and the former Badniks, Heavy and Bomb. Julie-Su and Saffron were trapped into another dimension by Thrash the Devil, and following the continuity reboot, only Vector, Espio, and Charmy remain members of the Chaotix, though Knuckles, Mighty, and Ray have past connections to the group.
- Shadow the Hedgehog: A black and red hedgehog, Shadow is an immortal created through Project Shadow, created by Professor Gerald Robotnik, Dr. Eggman’s grandfather, and the evil alien Black Doom. Aloof, grumpy, and a lone wolf, Shadow’s backstory and role follow the plot introduced in Sonic Adventure 2. Shadow later became a recurring anti-hero, forming Team Dark alongside Rouge the Bat, E-123 Omega, and Hope Kintobor. Like Sonic, Shadow could transform into super forms using the Chaos Emeralds, such as Super Shadow. He has become a recurring protagonist in the Sonic Universe comic.
- Rouge the Bat: A bat who works as a secret agent for the United Federation and is a jewel thief. She is a member of Team Dark, and while good in nature, has had run-ins and allegiances to several antagonists such as Dr. Eggman. Flirtatious and cunning, Rouge maintains a love/hate relationship with Knuckles, but also has a close bond to Shadow and E-123 Omega.
- E-123 Omega: The third member of Team Dark, E-123 Omega was a robot designed by Dr. Eggman. Abandoned by his creator, Omega turned against Eggman and vowed to destroy his creations. He is a prideful, violent character with a love for destructive force, but remains loyal to his friends despite his chaotic nature.
- Hope Kintobor: A human girl introduced in the original continuity, Hope was Dr. Eggman’s niece and Snively’s half-sister. She and her parents had travelled into space after the Great War to find a new home, but unlike other humans, referred to as Overlanders in the comics, Hope had no animosity towards Mobians. She eventually returned to Mobius, but her family were roboticized, and Hope was taken in by the Freedom Fighters. Hope reconciled with Snively, hoping he would turn over a new leaf, only for her brother to betray the Freedom Fighters and destroyed Knothole with the Egg Fleet. Hope left and eventually joined Team Dark as a support technician.
- Blaze the Cat: The princess of the Sol Dimension, Blaze is the guardian of the Sol Emeralds. Though she acts calm, collected, and reserved, Blaze has a short temper, which is emphasized by her destructive pyrokinesis. Her temper can make it difficult for her to think clearly, and she is distrustful towards others. Blaze has made several appearances in both the main series and the Sonic Universe spin-off. She has appeared as a member of Team Rose, being friends with Amy Rose and Cream.
- Silver the Hedgehog: A telekinetic hedgehog who lives two-hundred years in the future, Silver often travels back in time to avert threats that will affect his own world. Silver is driven by a strong sense of justice, but he is quite naïve, jumping to conclusions, and can be easily manipulated or fooled. In the original continuity, Silver went back in time to identify a supposed traitor in the Freedom Fighters whose betrayal would lead to the post-apocalyptic state of his own era. He misidentifies numerous characters as the traitor before learning Sally is the unintentional culprit upon her roboticization. When Naugus becomes King of New Mobotropolis, Silver is recruited into the Secret Freedom Fighters by spymaster Harvey Who, to quietly dismantle Naugus' regime. The other team members included Sally's brother Elias, Leeta and Lyco Wolf, bad luck magnet Larry Lynx, and Shard, a reprogrammed model of Metal Sonic. Following the continuity reboot, Silver’s future has altered and he combats the Genesis Portals, a side effect of Eggman’s second Genesis Wave. He is aided by Gold the Tenrec, a member of the secretive Onyx council, and scientist Professor Von Schlemmer, based on a character introduced in The Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog.
- King Acorn: Sally’s father and the King of Mobotropolis. The King’s personality, name, and character greatly differ before and after the continuity reboot. He was betrayed by Dr. Robotnik, his former adviser, and banished to the Special Zone alongside Naugus, who served as his court wizard. In the original continuity, he was King Maximillian Acorn, a troubled ruler whose experiences left him a shadow of his former self, further worsened when poisoned by Antoine’s evil counterpart Patch D’Coolette, leaving him wheelchair-bound. Following the second Genesis Wave, the King is reimagined as King Nigel Acorn, younger, jovial, and more considerate.
- Rob O'the Hedge: A hedgehog based on Robin Hood, Rob was Amy Rose’s cousin and the King of Mercia, operating from Deerwood Forest. Leader of the Crazy Kritter Freedom Fighters, Rob was characterized with a "ye olde" English dialect and a charismatic personality. Like Robin Hood, he was a skilled archer, and worked as a representative of the downtrodden against Dr. Eggman’s forces. He married Mari-An, an echidna based on Maid Marian, and a son named Jon. Rob became King following the death of the original Dr. Robotnik, but went into hiding when Eggman’s forces targeted his son. He was replaced by Bow Sparrow, a character also heavily based on Robin Hood, leader of the Woodland Kingsmen.
- Geoffrey St. John: A skunk who was a recurring member of the Freedom Fighters. Egotistical, self-righteous, and uncompromising, Geoffrey acted as a rival to Sonic, and a love interest towards Sally. He led the Rebel Underground against Dr. Robotnik, crossing paths with the Knothole Freedom Fighters, but became their ally until Robotnik’s defeat. He married Hershey the Cat, a long-time friend. He then led the Royal Secret Service on orders from Sally’s father King Acorn. Hershey disappeared while on a mission and was presumed dead. It was revealed that Geoffrey actually worked for Naugus as his apprentice, originally assigned to prepare the Kingdom of Acorn for Naugus’ rise to power as King, and he ensured his master’s succession to the throne occurred. However, upon seeing how evil Naugus was, Geoffrey tried to defect, only to be possessed by his master. As a creation of Ken Penders, Geoffrey was removed from the comic following the continuity reboot.
- Monkey Khan: A character heavily inspired by Sun Wukong, Monkey Khan was known as the "King of the Free People", originating from the village Leung West. Captured by Dr. Robotnik and turned into a cyborg, Khan was sealed away for ten years when he proved to be uncontrollable. He was freed by Sally, and became an ally during the war against the Iron Dominion and their allies from the Dragon Kingdom. Being based on Sun Wukong, Khan fights with a quarterstaff and can summon a cloud for transport.
- Mina Mongoose: A sixteen-year old musician and singer. Mina was gifted with the ability of super speed by Mammoth Mogul. Her mother Isabella was roboticized, but later freed and served on the Council of Acorn. Initially quiet and shy, Mina became more outspoken as the comic went on. She fell in love with Sonic, spending more time with him, but backed off when she realised he loved Sally. She formed the rock band "Knothole Knuts", and later, the "Forget-Me-Knots", named after Knothole following its destruction. She formed a romantic relationship with band manager Ash Mongoose. In "Mobius: X Years Later", Mina was shown to have married Tails and had two children named Melody and Skye.
- Nate Morgan: A black Overlander geochemist, Nate is named after a character mentioned in the production bible of the 1993 animated series. He had a long complex history with Dr. Robotnik, exiled from his homeland after an experiment was sabotaged by the latter. He invented the Power Rings, creating the Lake of Rings in what would become Knothole. He became a friend to Sally’s grandfather King Frederic, but went into self-exile when Naugus, fearful that technology would replace his influential magic, framed Nate as an Overlander spy. Nate lived in a mountainside castle, accompanied by Eddie the Yeti, a cybernetic mutate. He became an ally to the Freedom Fighters during their battles with Dr. Eggman and Naugus. He aided in the rescue of his people, only to be roboticized by Eggman, and later perished when Robotropolis was destroyed by a nuclear weapon. In the new continuity, a Mobian named Dr. Ellidy, a Mobian lynx, is inspired by Nate, designing the Power Rings and also Nicole, based on his late daughter Nikki.
- Doctor Eggman: The main antagonist of the series, Dr. Ivo Robotnik, nicknamed Dr. Eggman, wants to conquer the world under the banner of his Eggman Empire. He is a genius with an IQ of 300, commanding a vast army of robots. He often roboticizes his victims into mindless machines. Two versions of the character have existed in the comic. The first, formerly Julian Kintobor, based on the character's incarnation from the 1993 animated series, was a powerhungry mad scientist who took over the Kingdom of Acorn after helping King Maximillian win the Great War against the Overlanders. Cruel, sadistic, but also insane, Robotnik grew obsessed with defeating his nemesis Sonic. He died in the comic’s fiftieth issue, vapourised by his weapon, the Ultimate Annihilator, its trajectory altered by his nephew Snively. The second character, introduced as "Robo-Robotnik", hails from an alternate timeline where he roboticized himself. Following Dr. Robotnik’s death, his counterpart takes over his empire on Mobius Prime, adopting the alias as Dr. Eggman, physically capable of changing his robotic body. Following the continuity reboot, Eggman becomes the singular incarnation of the character, maintaining his memories of the original timeline.
- Snively: Dr. Eggman’s nephew and toady, Snively is a diminutive, bald, pointy-nosed human who helped his uncle overthrow King Acorn. However, he is often abused and mistreated by Eggman. Just as cunning and intelligent as Eggman, Snively is passive-aggressive and has a tendency to backstab his allies. Despite several attempts to defect or betray his uncle, Snively always returns to his side, destroying Knothole in one case. He became a member of the Iron Dominion, dating its leader Regina Ferrum. Following the Genesis Waves, Snively was reimagined as Dr. Julian Snively, now sporting glasses and a beard, works for G.U.N., and while unrelated to Eggman, he still assisted in his takeover of the Kingdom of Acorn.
- Metal Sonic: A robotic version of Sonic created by Dr. Eggman, Metal Sonic has served as a recurring rival to Sonic and other characters throughout the comic. There have been several versions of the character. The original model, after being totally destroyed during an eruption of Mt. Mobius, leaving only its personality crystal which had gained free will after watching Sonic refuse to leave Tails behind, was reused by Uncle Chuck to create Shard, a member of the Secret Freedom Fighters, while another was sent to the Sol Zone and later reappeared as the pirate Captain Metal.
- The Hooligans: A trio of criminals who are occasionally employed by Dr. Eggman and other villains to collect bounties or interfere with the Freedom Fighters. The group consists of sniper and jewel thief Nack the Weasel, silent muscle Bark the Polar Bear, and psychotic bomb expert Bean the Dynamite Duck.
- Walter Naugus: A major antagonist in the comic, Naugus is an evil sorcerer who wishes to conquer the Kingdom of Acorn. His backstory alters between the two continuities. He was banished to the Special Zone alongside King Acorn by a treacherous Dr. Eggman, but later escapes. In the original timeline, he was called Ixis Naugus, a member of the Order of Ixis, founded by Mammoth Mogul. He was created from a fusion of three wizards, the rhinoceros Agunus, the bat Nusgau, and the lobster Suguna, who all fought for mental supremacy, driving Naugus to madness. He recruited Geoffrey St. John as his apprentice to ensure his succession to the throne, later possessing the skunk when his own body began to mutate. Following the Genesis Waves, Naugus is renamed Walter Naugus, and is a troll. His attempt to conquer the Kingdom is thwarted when he regains his memories of his past life by touching Nicole and flees, meeting his sister Wendy Naugus, based on Witchcart from Tails' Skypatrol.
- The Dark Legion: A technocratic organization of echidnas who served as recurring antagonists towards Knuckles and, to a lesser extent, to the Freedom Fighters. They were formed after the echidnas of Angel Island denounced the empire’s advanced technology. All members have cybernetic implants. Notable members include Julie-Su’s half-siblings Lien-Da and Kragok, who were both quite abusive and hateful towards her, Kragok’s son Remington, and mad scientist Dr. Finitevus. The organization would later join forces with Dr. Eggman, becoming the Dark Egg Legion.
- Dr. Finitevus: A mad scientist and former member of the Dark Legion. Once an ambitious scientist, Finitevus was transformed into an albino echidna after using his invention, the Chaos Siphon Suit, to drain Chaos Knuckles’ of his power and restore him to normality. Finitevus became an antagonist shortly after, bringing about the resurrection of the evil Enerjak using Knuckles as a host, hoping to use him to cleanse the world with fire and death.
- Enerjak: Enerjak was an evil demigod who lacked a physical form, his consciousness possessing several echidnas. He manifested as a villainous alter ego for his host, and harnessed destructive powers. His most notable host was Dimitri, a scientist from Angel Island, who fused with eleven of the Chaos Emeralds and became Enerjak. Losing his power to Mammoth Mogul, Dimitri gained a cybernetic body and changed his ways, uniting the echidna empire, but due to failing health, was reduced to a robotic head. Knuckles later became the fourth Enerjak in both the main continuity, and in the "Dark Mobius" timeline, the title later inherited by Lara-Su.
- Scourge the Hedgehog: Sonic’s evil counterpart from the parallel world of Moebius. Introduced as Anti-Sonic, Scourge at first resembled Sonic but wore sunglasses and a leather jacket. He made himself King of Moebius after murdering his father, and led the Anti-Freedom Fighters, which consisted of evil versions of Sally, Tails, Rotor, Antoine, Bunnie, and Amy Rose. He gained his signature green fur after trying to trigger a super transformation using the Master Emerald. He later joined and led such groups like the Suppression Squad and the Destructix, accompanied by his girlfriend Fiona Fox, a former Freedom Fighter who betrayed the other members due to past grudges. The group were imprisoned within the Zone Jail by another of Sonic’s counterparts, Zonic the Zone Cop, but later escaped back to Moebius.
- Mammoth Mogul: An ancient, immortal mammoth who is a talented sorcerer and criminal businessman. He received his intelligence and magical powers upon finding a Chaos Emerald, forming the Order of Ixis to rule over Mobius. Though egotistical and manipulative, he is charismatic, well-cultured, and patient thanks to his immortality. Mogul used his magic to give Mighty his superhuman strength, and Mina her super speed, cursing them with a post-hypnotic mark to forget their encounters and would serve as sleeper agents when needed. After multiple attempts to conquer the world and losing to the Freedom Fighters, Mogul became manager of the Casino Nights Zone, employing old Badniks as employees such as Scratch, Grounder, and Coconuts, waiting to play a long game to ensure his victory.
- The Iron Dominion: A recurring organization who once served under Dr. Eggman’s regime until defecting to become their own faction. It was led by the "Iron Queen", the human Regina Ferrum, and the "Iron King", the Mobian ox warlord Jun Kun. Regina grew up in the Overland capital MegaCentral, living as part of a cult that studied technomagic, allowing her control electric impulses and machinery. After her cult’s ways were banned, Regina vowed to bring technomagic back to the world. She joined forces with Jun to conquer the Dragon Kingdom, waging war against the ruling clans of the kingdom. The Iron Dominion later joined forces with the Eggman Empire. Jun was defeated in battle, while Regina fell in love with Snively, plotting to take over the Eggman Empire together. However, Snively was secretly imprisoned by his uncle and replaced by a robotic clone to keep the Dominion in line.
- Black Arms: An extraterrestrial race introduced in Shadow the Hedgehog, the Black Arms traverse space on the Black Comet, and are led by the evil Black Doom. The events of Shadow the Hedgehog take place out of sight, Black Doom creating Shadow alongside Professor Gerald Robotnik, intending on using him as a weapon. The Black Comet was destroyed by Shadow. However, another branch of the Black Arms, led by Black Death, invaded Earth following the second Genesis Wave. A new Ultimate Lifeform, Eclipse the Darkling, was created by the Black Arms, but solely out of alien blood, giving him an inhuman appearance. Black Death was killed by Shadow and G.U.N., but Eclipse remains active.
- The Xorda: A powerful extraterrestrial species, the Xorda resemble cycloptic cephalopods that communicate telepathically. They played a major role in shaping Mobius, bombing the planet with Gene Bombs, mutating life and creating the Mobians. They returned a millennia later to exterminate Mobians as they did with mankind, but were repelled by Sonic.
Series and reissues
Shortly after Archie Comics acquired the rights to produce the comic series, editor Daryl Edelman approached writer Michael Gallagher (whom he worked with at the time on Betty and Veronica) via a phone call on July 23, 1992 to write stories for the comic. Edelman believed that Gallagher would be well-suited writing for the comic for several reasons, one of them being his work over at Marvel Comics. After briefly discussing the series' concept and that the four-issue miniseries would have three self-contained stories in each issue, Gallagher was told by Edelman to "establish the characters quickly through strong exposition" using "visuals from the game" (which would be faxed to him) and needed the first script in a week. Gallagher then took the job and went to work after receiving a full page of "Sonic Line Art" (showing the character in various poses), four pages of model sheets showing illustrations of the characters, and three pages of character descriptions, locations, and the series' back story. He later stated that the characters eventually became "very familiar to him and began to suggest their own stories". After the miniseries, he ceased being the only writer of the issues, though he continued to contribute throughout its run.
The comic has been received positively. Destructoid praised the comic series, especially the earlier issues during the 1990s, for adding more backstory and character interaction than was presented in the Sonic video games for the Sega Genesis.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Sonic the Hedgehog (Archie Comics)|
- Knuckles the Echidna (comics)
- Sonic the Comic
- Sonic Universe
- Sonic X (comics)
- Archie Comics
- Mega Man (Archie Comics)
- Patrick "Spaz" Spaziante
- "Sonic the Hedgehog enter Book of World Records". Archie Comic. 2008-07-07. Archived from the original on September 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-13.
- "Sonic The Hedgehog". www.facebook.com.
- Hedgehog, Sonic the (21 July 2017). "SEGA and IDW are thrilled to announce a partnership to bring Sonic Comics to fans new and old. The new series arrives 2018!pic.twitter.com/neT3oAMNUE". twitter.com.
- "IDW Publishing and SEGA® Welcome Veteran Sonic Writer Ian Flynn – IDW Publishing". www.idwpublishing.com.
- Sonic the Hedgehog (Archie, 1992 Series) at the Grand Comics Database.
- Sonic the Hedgehog (Archie, 1993 Series) at the Grand Comics Database.
- Sonic the Hedgehog (Archie, 1993 Series) at the Grand Comics Database.
- Sonic the Hedgehog comics at the Grand Comics Database.
- Oliver, Tristan (June 3, 2011). "Inside Ken Penders's Copyright Lawsuit Against Sega, EA". The Sonic Stadium. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
- Gallagher, Michael (1993-04-06). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 1. Archie Comics.
- Bollers, Karl; Lee, Benny (July 2002). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 112. Archie Comics.
- Bollers, Karl; Penders, Ken (December 2003). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 131. Archie Comics.
- Gallagher, Michael (27 July 1993). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 4. Archie Comics.
- Penders, Ken (November 1996). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 43. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (9 November 2016). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 288. Archie Comics.
- Penders, Ken; Gallagher, Michael (November 2005). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 155. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (October 2011). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 230. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (January 8, 2014). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 256. Archie Comics.
- Gallagher, Michael (March 1999). Archie Sonic Super Special Issue 9. Archie Comics.
- Chacon, Romy; Lee, Benny (October 2003). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 129. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (August 2007). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 178. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (August 2007). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 179. Archie Comics.
- Bollers, Karl; Penders, Ken (July 2004). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 138.
- Flynn, Ian (September 4, 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 252. Archie Comics.
- Gallagher, Michael. Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 3. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (December 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 255. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (April 2007). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 174. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 82.
- Flynn, Ian (August 2009). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 9. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (November 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 254. Archie Comics.
- Penders, Ken; Emery, Clayton (February 1998). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 58. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (November 2006). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 168. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (February 2012). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 234. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (2012-10-10). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics Publication. p. 10.
- Flynn, Ian (April 2012). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 236. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (July 2007). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 177. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (2014). Sonic/Mega Man X Free Comic Book Day 2014. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (9 September 2015). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 276. Archie Comics.
- Oliver, Tristan (2009). "Rotor Planned as Gay Character, Says Ken Penders". The Sonic Stadium. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- Flynn, Ian (2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics.
- Penders, Ken; Kanterovich, Mike; Spaziante, Patrick (October 1994). Sonic In Your Face. Archie Comics.
- Baker, Aleah (February 2015). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 73. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (June 2007). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 176. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (4 September 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog. Archie Comics.
- Gallagher, Michael (June 1995). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 25. Archie Comics.
- Bollers, Karl; Penders, Ken (December 1999). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 79. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (8 January 2014). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 256. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 34.
- Gallagher, Mike; DeCesare, Angelo (October 1995). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 29. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (11 May 2016). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 281. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (14 October 2015). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 277. Archie Comics.
- Penders, Ken (October 1999). Archie Sonic Super Special Issue 11. Archie Comics.
- Bollers, Karl; Penders, Ken (October 1999). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 78. Archie Comics.
- Penders, Ken (January 1997). Archie Knuckles the Echidna Issue 1. Archie Comics.
- Bollers, Karl; Penders, Ken (December 2003). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 131. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (March 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 246. Archie Comics.
- Penders, Ken (December 2004). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 144. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (September 2006). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 166. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (March 2011). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 26. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. pp. 14–15.
- Penders, Ken (May 1998). Archie Knuckles the Echidna Issue 14. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. pp. 47–48.
- Flynn, Ian. The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. pp. 47, 49.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. pp. 47, 50.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 51.
- Lee, Benny; Bollers, Karl; Penders, Ken (March 2002). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 108. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 108.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 107.
- Flynn, Ian (January 2012). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 233. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (26 August 2015). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 79. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 24.
- Flynn, Ian (4 September 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 252. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 57.
- Flynn, Ian (November 2012). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 46. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 61.
- Flynn, Ian (April 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 247. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 56.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 33.
- Flynn, Ian; Gallagher, Mike (February 2008). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 185. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 189.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 66.
- Flynn, Ian; Baker, Aleah (January 2014). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 72. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 69.
- Penders, Ken; Bollers, Karl; Gallagher, Michael (June 1997). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 50. Archie Comics.
- Bollers, Karl (July 1999). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 75. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (4 September 2013). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 252. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 70.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 74.
- Flynn, Ian (18 September 2013). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 56. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. pp. 93, 97.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 91.
- Flynn, Ian (October 1998). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog Issue 66. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. pp. 83–85.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 85.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 87.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 86.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 84.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 121.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. pp. 110–111.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 90.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 78.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 98.
- Flynn, Ian (July 2009). Archie Sonic the Hedgehog 202. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (May 2012). Archie Sonic Universe Issue 40. Archie Comics.
- Flynn, Ian (10 October 2012). The Complete Sonic Comic Encyclopedia. Archie Comics. p. 120.
- Flynn, Ian (2013–2014). Archie Sonic Universe Issues 59-70. Archie Comics.
- Sonic the Hedgehog: The Beginning. Archie Comics. 2003. pp. 4, 5. ISBN 1-879794-12-8.
- "Expanded Universes: Sonic the Hedgehog comics and cartoon". Destructoid.
- Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog homepage
- SEGA's official page for the Sonic comics
- Interview: Daryl Edelman On His Comic Book Journeys & More! Interview with Editor for Sonic the Hedgehog comic book, Daryl Edelman, by Nicholas Yanes