South Carolina Democratic primary, 2008

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
South Carolina Democratic primary, 2008
South Carolina
← 2004 January 26, 2008 (2008-01-26) 2016 →
  Barack Obama.jpg Hillary Rodham Clinton-cropped.jpg John Edwards, official Senate photo portrait.jpg
Nominee Barack Obama Hillary Clinton John Edwards
Home state Illinois New York North Carolina
Popular vote 295,214 141,217 93,576
Percentage 55.4% 26.5% 17.6%

2008 Democratic primary in South Carolina.png
Election results by county. Purple denotes counties won by Obama, gold denotes those won by Clinton, and orange denotes those won by Edwards.

The 2008 South Carolina Democratic presidential primary took place on January 26, 2008. Senator Barack Obama of Illinois won the primary's popular vote by a 28.9% margin.

For both parties in 2008, South Carolina's was the first primary in a Southern state and the first primary in a state in which African Americans make up a sizable percentage of the electorate. For Democrats, it was also the last primary before 22 states hosted their primaries or caucuses on February 5, 2008 (Super Tuesday).

South Carolina's 45 delegates to the 2008 Democratic National Convention were awarded proportionally based on the results of the primary. The state also sent nine superdelegates.[1]

Candidates[edit]

Remaining[edit]

Eliminated[edit]

Campaign Finances[edit]

On the day of the South Carolina primary, Senator John Edwards led in fund raising from the state of South Carolina, followed by Barack Obama and Bill Richardson.

Obtained from CNN as of January 26, 2008[7]

Candidate Money raised (US$)
John Edwards $316,319
Barack Obama $257,118
Bill Richardson $196,850
Hillary Clinton $131,950
Joe Biden $55,350
Chris Dodd $22,750
Dennis Kucinich $3,750

Polling leading up to primary[edit]

All monthly averages were retrieved from RealClearPolitics.[8]

Candidate November December January Final 3 Polls Averages
Hillary Clinton 40% 34% 27% 28%
Barack Obama 27% 33% 41% 48%
John Edwards 11% 15% 17% 23%
     Denotes Leader during Poll Average

Despite maintaining a major early lead in the polls, Senator Clinton rapidly fell after the Iowa Caucuses, as Barack Obama skyrocketed and John Edwards began to receive a gradual increase in the polling.

However, in the last three polls taken before the South Carolina Primary, Barack Obama took a commanding lead over both Edwards and Clinton. Also, Former Senator John Edwards had come into the margin of error with Senator Clinton for second place in the South Carolina Primary.

Final Campaigning[edit]

Obama Campaign[edit]

Presidential candidate Barack Obama addresses supporters the night before South Carolina's primary

Throughout the South Carolina campaign, most pundits had predicted Barack Obama the winner, primarily because of the state's large African-American population. For this reason, Obama was shown to be significantly ahead of his two rivals, John Edwards, who carried the state in 2004, and Hillary Clinton, whose husband was popular in the African-American community. In early polls taken in the weeks leading up to the primary, Clinton had a double-digit lead over both Edwards and Obama (see poll averages above).

During a majority of the final campaigning, the attacks between the Clinton campaign and the Obama campaign highly intensified by the candidates as well as the media coverage. Barack Obama began to attack former President Bill Clinton for his comments which were taken as racist. These comments are considered by analyst and historians alike as the turning point of the South Carolina primary and ultimately the cause of Clinton's loss of support from the black community.[citation needed]

Despite the increasing tensions between the Clinton and Obama camps, Obama continued to widely lead in the polls (despite a surge by Edwards). Into the final days of the campaign in South Carolina, it became apparent that Obama would win by a rather wide margin. The final tally had Obama winning by 28.9% over his closest rival, Hillary Clinton.

Clinton Campaign[edit]

In the early months of the campaign, Clinton enjoyed a steep lead over Senator Obama, and a 30-point lead over former Senator John Edwards. However, after Obama's win in Iowa, Clinton's campaign in South Carolina began to fall apart by the Obama political machine rolling into South Carolina with force.

For Clinton, despite winning the popular vote in Nevada, the fact that she had lost Nevada's National Delegates, receiving 12 compared to Obama's 13 still lingered in the media. This, combined with the fact of Bill Clinton's continuing negative publicity from "injecting race into the campaign" as several people called Bill Clinton's actions in his wife's campaign.

Between battling media scrutiny on Bill Clinton, constant attacks between the Obama and Clinton campaigns, and a surging John Edwards which threatened a Clinton second-place finish, poll number began to plunge, with a poll taken by Reuters-Cspan-Zogby showing Clinton in the margin of error for second place with Edwards, with Edwards at 21% and Clinton at 25%. This was also combined with the fact of Edwards's constant barrage of attacks claiming Clinton (and Obama's) big city politics were "too good for the people of South Carolina".

However, despite the attacks from opponents that Bill Clinton's attacks largely alienated African-Americans, Clinton was able to keep a 35% support amongst that key constituency, while losing the white vote to Edwards, In the end, Clinton's African-American support was able to place her in a clear second-place finish, finishing 9 points ahead of John Edwards despite losing to Obama by 29 points.

Edwards Campaign[edit]

After the terrible results for the Edwards Campaign during the Nevada caucuses, in which Edwards finished in third with 4% of the state delegation and received no national delegates, South Carolina began to look as a state where he needed a strong finish, after finishing in third in the last three primaries which took place, and trailing in the number of total national delegates.

South Carolina was the state in which Edwards was born and raised. In 2004, Edwards won the South Carolina Primary, with 45% of the vote to John Kerry's 30% and Al Sharpton's 10%. While entering South Carolina, it become apparent that he needed a first-place finish, which seemed impossible, or a second-place finish, which seemed more within grasp.

Before the CNN South Carolina Debate in Myrtle Beach on Monday, January 21, 2008, John Edwards was placing a distant third in a poll taken before the debates on January 19, in which he placed third with 15% compared to Hillary Clinton's second place with 27%.[9] However, after the South Carolina debates, the tone of the campaign severely shifted.

During the South Carolina Democratic Debate in Myrtle Beach, Edwards sought to distinguish himself from Senators Obama and Clinton, and criticized them for their attacks and "big city" politics. As soon as he began to question how the attacks helped, he was widely cheered by the audience for in what many people thought was what distinguished Edwards from negative campaigning. Saying "This kind of squabbling, how many children are going to get healthcare? How many people are going to get an education from this? How many kids are going to be able to go to college because of this? We have got to understand and I respect both of my fellow candidates, but we have got to understand that this is not about us personally, it is about what we are trying to do for this country and what we believe in", Edwards began to get applause from several members of the audience.[10]

After the debate, John Edwards began to see a major influx of money and in turn, poll numbers began to rise rapidly in Edwards's favor. Along with the debate performance, Bill Clinton's remarks began to alienate black supporters from Clinton, and white supporters from Obama. As a result, Edwards won amongst white voters ages 30 to 50, while receiving the same amount of support from white 60+ year olds as Hillary Clinton according to CNN Exit Polls [11]

However, Edwards was not able to get much support from non-whites, and according to Exit Polls, received only 2% of the non-white support, while receiving 40% of the white support.

Results[edit]

Barack Obama won the primary, taking 44 of the 46 counties; Edwards won in his native Oconee County, while Clinton won in Horry County, which contains Myrtle Beach.[12] Those in italics are candidates who have withdrawn from the race but still remained on the ballot.

South Carolina Democratic Presidential Primary Results – 2008
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Delegates Projected national delegates
Democratic Barack Obama 295,214 55.44% 25 33
Democratic Hillary Clinton 141,217 26.52% 12 12
Democratic John Edwards 93,576 17.57% 8 0
Democratic Bill Richardson 727 0.14% 0 0
Democratic Joe Biden 694 0.13% 0 0
Democratic Dennis Kucinich 552 0.1% 0 0
Democratic Christopher Dodd 247 0.05% 0 0
Democratic Mike Gravel 241 0.05% 0 0
Totals 532,468 100.00% 45 45

Results by county[edit]

County Clinton  % Edwards  % Obama % Others Totals Turnout Margin
Abbeville 738 20.74% 802 22.54% 2,006 56.38% 12 3,558 28.06% 33.84%
Aiken 4,901 33.53% 1,866 12.77% 7,768 53.14% 83 14,618 17.89% 19.61%
Allendale 392 27.07% 92 6.35% 951 65.68% 13 1,448 28.15% 38.60%
Anderson 5,485 31.43% 5,603 32.11% 6,315 36.18% 49 17,452 20.02% 4.08%
Bamberg 751 27.57% 222 8.15% 1,720 63.14% 31 2,724 34.35% 35.57%
Barnwell 820 29.93% 273 9.96% 1,632 59.56% 15 2,740 23.68% 29.64%
Beaufort 5,115 30.10% 2,239 13.18% 9,550 56.20% 90 16,994 21.50% 26.10%
Berkeley 3,880 23.48% 2,676 16.19% 9,869 59.72% 101 16,526 22.06% 36.24%
Calhoun 699 25.57% 413 15.11% 1,607 58.78% 15 2,734 30.78% 33.21%
Charleston 11,287 23.49% 6,438 13.40% 30,073 62.59% 246 48,044 27.24% 39.10%
Cherokee 1,238 25.95% 1,495 31.34% 2,025 42.45% 12 4,770 18.81% 11.11%
Chester 1,089 25.19% 650 15.04% 2,558 59.17% 26 4,323 26.73% 33.98%
Chesterfield 1,468 26.56% 1,290 23.34% 2,737 49.51% 33 5,528 28.83% 22.96%
Clarendon 1,155 19.00% 803 13.21% 4,079 67.11% 41 6,078 31.96% 48.11%
Colleton 1,119 22.46% 855 17.16% 2,979 59.78% 30 4,983 25.89% 37.33%
Darlington 1,911 21.43% 1,282 14.37% 5,672 54 8,919
Dillon 814 19.06% 692 16.20% 2,749 16 4,271
Dorchester 3,231 25.03% 2,444 18.93% 7,165 68 12,908
Edgefield 754 25.81% 243 8.32% 1,908 16 2,921
Fairfield 996 20.04% 537 10.81% 3,410 26 4,969
Florence 3,700 22.09% 2,222 13.26% 10,768 62 16,752
Georgetown 1,951 21.90% 1,573 17.66% 5,334 51 8,909
Greenville 11,918 27.93% 9,047 21.20% 21,532 180 42,677
Greenwood 1,528 20.68% 1,436 19.44% 4,373 51 7,388
Hampton 726 21.73% 362 10.84% 2,232 21 3,341
Horry 9,983 38.57% 7,249 28.01% 8,541 107 25,880
Jasper 577 18.76% 190 6.18% 2,285 24 3,076
Kershaw 2,285 27.97% 1,505 18.42% 4,353 26 8,169
Lancaster 2,318 30.75% 1,678 22.26% 3,505 37 7,538
Laurens 1,599 22.91% 1,719 24.63% 3,639 22 6,979
Lee 650 17.20% 427 11.30% 2,673 30 3,780
Lexington 7,887 34.50% 5,591 24.46% 9,303 80 22,861
Marion 955 14.88% 786 12.25% 4,633 44 6,418
Marlboro 1,000 23.38% 760 17.77% 2,501 17 4,278
McCormick 382 21.52% 186 10.48% 1,195 12 1,775
Newberry 1,200 26.37% 1,120 24.61% 2,209 22 4,551
Oconee 2,106 28.99% 3,257 44.83% 1,884 18 7,265
Orangeburg 4,581 24.51% 1,634 8.74% 12,373 99 18,687
Pickens 2,521 30.47% 2,815 34.03% 2,904 33 8,273
Richland 14,888 23.46% 6,192 9.76% 42,146 235 63,461
Saluda 662 27.34% 465 19.21% 1,279 15 2,421
Spartanburg 7,719 30.43% 6,326 24.94% 11,250 74 25,369
Sumter 2,870 19.16% 1,294 8.64% 10,765 49 14,978
Union 908 21.62% 1,224 29.15% 2,048 19 4,199
Williamsburg 1,266 17.40% 578 7.95% 5,380 51 7,275
York 6,967 36.02% 3,250 16.80% 9,020 106 19,343
Total 140,990 26.49% 93,801 17.63% 294,898 55.42% 2,462 532,151 23.69% 28.92%

Delegates: The South Carolina Democratic Party - State Election Results

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CNN Election Center 2008: Primary Results". Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Obama, Huckabee win Iowa". 
  3. ^ "New Mexico Gov. Richardson drops out of '08 Race". CNN. January 10, 2008. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Kucinich Drops Out". The Washington Post. January 25, 2008. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  5. ^ "SC Democrats reject Colbert's candidacy". CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Colbert on Democratic Rejection". CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  7. ^ "CNN Map: Campaign money race-". Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  8. ^ "RealClear Politics- Election 2008- South Carolina". 
  9. ^ "Pollster.com". 
  10. ^ "John Edwards for President- South Carolina". 
  11. ^ "CNN Election Center 2008: Primary Exit Poll". Retrieved May 23, 2010. 
  12. ^ "SC Dem. Party Election Results". 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]