South Leverton is a village and civil parish in Bassetlaw, north Nottinghamshire, England, four miles from Retford. According to the 2001 census it has a population of 478, increasing only marginally to 480 at the 2011 census.
South Leverton has a village hall, public house and private school called Orchard School. The parish covers a large area in an east-west direction, stretching across to Cottam in the east and Grove in the west. The parish boundary stretches right to the perimeter of the power station itself, along Cottam Road. To the north is North Leverton with Habblesthorpe and Treswell is to the south. Cottam Power Station is actually in the parish of Treswell. The division between South and North Leverton is the level crossing of the railway that runs through the parish, and eventually to a power station two miles to the south-east.
The parish church of All Saints has a square tower at the western end, north and south aisles to either side of the nave, a south porch, a chancel and a vestry. The fabric dates from the twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, and the building was restored in the nineteenth century. Ewan Christian worked on the chancel in 1868, and C. Scholefield worked on the rest of the building in 1897. The building has been a grade II* listed structure since 1967. On Retford Road there is a building which was formerly a priory, parts of which date from the twelfth century. It was restored in the nineteenth century, when a large extension was added, and is now used as a home for the elderly. It is a grade II listed structure. There is also a grade II listed, single storey brick-built former Methodist chapel on Church Street, which was erected in 1847.
The village pub is The Plough and is the centre of much village activity. The Railway Inn, formerly next to the level crossing and in the parish, has been demolished. Leverton railway station was on the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway line that went from Retford over the River Trent to Lincoln Central. The line opened in 1850 but the section beyond Cottam power stations was closed to passengers in 1959. A contributory factor to the closure was the need for expensive repairs to the viaduct which carried the line over the river at Torksey, and there was an alternative, if slightly longer, route available via Gainsborough Lea Road.
A wind farm to be known as the Cottam Wind Farm, comprising up to twelve wind turbines up to 145m in height, is proposed to be built between the village and Cottam by the German company Prowind. Most of it will be in the east of the parish, with only one turbine in Cottam parish. This form of power generation will complement the large coal- and gas-fired power stations at Cottam and West Burton.
The South Leverton Parish Council conducted a survey to find out the level of support for the wind farm to the east of the village. Out of 305 votes cast (approximately two-thirds of the total population), 299 votes (98.0%) were opposed to the plans. The South Leverton Parish Council said that it was "very pleased with the large number of parishioners who voted" in South Leverton, North Leverton and Sturton le Steeple and with the "overwhelming vote against the development", and that the data "completely contradicts the developer's assertion that 50% of the villagers were in favour of the wind farm."
South Leverton gives its name to the oilfield which runs beneath it, although the well heads are located in nearby Treswell. The field produces high-grade crude oil, which is taken by road to a collection centre at Gainsborough, from where it is transferred by rail to be refined at Immingham. Because of its quality, it is used for the production of chemicals and plastics, rather than for fuel. Oil was discovered at South Leverton in the late 1950s or early 1960s, after Dr Mosaddeq took power in Iran and nationalised the oil industry there. Displaced engineers working for British Petroleum returned to the UK, and South Leverton was one of several oilfields which were identified at that time as a result of their exploration skills.
- "Lead View Table". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 28 April 2004. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints, South Leverton (1275880)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Historic England. "The Priory, Retford Road (1234975)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Historic England. "Methodist Chapel, Church Street (1234972)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Kingscott 2004, pp. 142–144
- "Cottam Wind Farm is a 12 turbine scheme proposed for land between the villages of Cottam, South Levertonand and North Leverton". Cottam Wind Farm. Prowind. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "Villagers say no to windfarm". This Is Retford. Retford Times. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "Nottinghamshire Minerals Local Plan:Oil Resources" (PDF). Nottinghamshire CC. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "SK7979: Nodding Donkey". Geograph. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "Adopted Minerals Local Plan". Nottinghamshire CC. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "British Petroleum at Eakring". Dukes Wood Oil Museum. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
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