Arnold, Nottinghamshire

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Arnold
A church of stone construction in the Norman style.
St. Mary’s Church
Arnold is located in Nottinghamshire
Arnold
Arnold
 Arnold shown within Nottinghamshire
Area  8.148 km2 (3.146 sq mi)
Population 37,768 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  4,635/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
OS grid reference SK590450
   – London 112.5 mi (181.1 km)  
Civil parish unparished[2]
District Gedling
Shire county Nottinghamshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Nottingham
Postcode district NG5
Dialling code 0115
Police Nottinghamshire
Fire Nottinghamshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Gedling
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire

Coordinates: 53°00′07″N 1°07′48″W / 53.002°N 1.130°W / 53.002; -1.130

Arnold is a market town,[3][4] unparished area[2] and suburb of the city of Nottingham, in the English ceremonial county of Nottinghamshire. It is to the north-east of Nottingham’s city boundary, and is in the local government district of Gedling Borough. Since 1968 Arnold has had a market, and the town used to have numerous factories associated with the hosiery industry. Arnold’s town centre is the largest in Gedling Borough[5] (whose headquarters are located in the town)[6] and the most important in the northeastern part of the Greater Nottingham conurbation.[5] At the time of the 2011 Census, Arnold had a population of 37,768.[1]

Areas within Arnold include Daybrook, Woodthorpe, Redhill and Killisick.

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Arnold was referred to as ‘Ernehale’ in the Domesday Book of 1068; this former name meant ‘place frequented by eagles’ or ‘the valley of eagles’.[7][8]

‘A History of Arnold’ (1913) by Rev. Rupert W. King and Rev. James Russell explains the etymology of Arnold’s name thus:

‘Heron-hald’, meaning the corner of the forest where Herons (large birds) live. Which becomes over the centuries since 500 A.D. by ‘lazy’ pronunciation, Eron-ald, thence Ern-old and Arn-old.

Due to the local topography Arnold can never have been a haunt of eagles, because they inhabit areas of rocky outcrops, which have formed cliffs; the nearest such location being Creswell Crags, some 20 miles (32 km) north-west as the eagle flies, although the fish-eating White-tailed Eagle (also known as the ‘Erne’) could have caught fish in the River Trent, which lies 4 miles (6.4 km) south-east of Arnold, on the other side of the Mapperley Plains ridge. These eagles would then have flown north-west in the evenings to roost in the ancient woodland area now known as Arnold. The Anglo-Saxon migrant-invaders, when they arrived along the River Trent from the Humber Estuary c. 500 A.D., would certainly have seen these eagles—which measure 66–94 cm (26–37 in) in length with a 1.78–2.45 m (5.8–8.0 ft) wingspan—flying northwest in the evenings and appropriately named this roosting location ‘Erne-Halh’ or ‘Erne-Haugh’, meaning ‘Eagle’s nook’ or ‘Eagle’s corner’.[citation needed]

Arnold is surrounded by a circular ridge from the north-west around to the south-east and raised ground to the west. The town’s bowl-like topography may have given it the etymological feature ‘-Halh’ or ‘-Haugh’.[citation needed]

Home Brewery[edit]

A long, tall three-storey building (with a very tall central square tower providing a fourth storey) made of brown brick.
The Home Brewery office building, Daybrook

The town’s most notable landmark is probably the Home Ales brewery building in Daybrook, usually referred to as the ‘Home Brewery’ in reference to the Robinson family’s Bestwood Home Farm, located on Oxclose Lane.[9][10] Founded in 1875 by John Robinson,[9] the brewery was famous for its trademark Robin Hood logo on beermats.[11] The brewery remained independent until 1986, when the family owners sold it[11] (along with 450 public houses owned by the brewery) to Scottish & Newcastle for £123million. Scottish & Newcastle gradually ran down production, for example by subcontracting Mild brewing to a rival brewery[which?] in Mansfield, resulting in the eventual closure of the Daybrook building in 1996. 2008 saw the acquisition of Scottish & Newcastle by Heineken and Carlsberg and the division of its assets between the two multinational breweries. Home Bitter is still brewed under contract at Everards in Leicester, although many of the public houses that used to serve it now sell Theakston’s beers instead.[citation needed]

Dating from 1936,[12] the current Home Ales building is now officially known as ‘Sir John Robinson House’[13] and houses more than 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2) worth[13] of county council offices. It is located at the junction between the A60 (Mansfield Road) and Sir John Robinson Way,[13][a] and its architect was Thomas Cecil Howitt.[9][16] The Grade II listed building’s[17][12][18] illuminated ‘Home of the Best Ales’ sign was altered to remove the word ‘Ales’ and to include the logo of Nottinghamshire County Council. The three-storey[b] building has an unusual ‘putti frieze’ by sculptor Charles L J Doman along the front wall which depicts groups of putti involved in the brewing of beer.[19] Three designs are repeated in an ABCABC / CBACBA pattern. The reliefs are in a 2:3 proportion and are white casts. ‘A’ depicts a drinking table; ‘B’ shows barrel-making; and ‘C’ illustrates the stirring of the brew—all allegories of the brewing process. The famed[11] decorative ironwork gates and railings are contemporaneous[19] and form part of the listed building.[17][12]

Nottinghamshire County Council has been advertising the building for sale, in an effort to save money,[13] since February 2012.[9][20][21] This information is correct as of 20 December 2015.

King George V Park

In 1950 the Home Brewery Company Ltd gave the land for Arnold’s King George V Park, a permanent memorial to King George V and guaranteed for free public access in perpetuity for recreation. The Charity Commission held an enquiry that closed in December 2005 into restricted public access.[22] Due to this ruling, Arnold Town F.C. have relocated away from the town centre[citation needed] to another ground in Arnold, known as Eagle Valley.[23] In July 2014, a skatepark costing £110,000 was opened at the playing field.[24]

The Home Ales brand today

Lincoln Green Brewery of Hucknall, in association with Everards Brewery of Leicester, purchased the Robin Hood pub on the junction of Church Street and Cross Street in 2014, restoring it to its original name of the “Robin Hood and Little John”. The pub’s history dates back to 1750, and in 2015 it was named as the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) National Cider Pub of the Year, as well as the Nottingham CAMRA Cider Pub of the Year and Nottingham CAMRA Pub of the Year.[25][26] It contains a shrine to the Home Brewery.[27]

The Home Ales brand was revived in 2015 by entrepreneur Nick Whitehurst (who used to live in Daybrook near the brewery) after Whitehurst had purchased the licence from Heineken.[28] Home Ales will be available in 148 venues around England.[29]

Framework knitting industry[edit]

Arnold was a centre of the framework knitting industry in the 19th century. It was the site of the first framebreaking incidents of the Luddite riots, on 11 March 1811, when 63 frames were smashed.[30][31] The Luddite riots were a workers’ response to decreasing pay, standard of living and conditions of employment in the industry as a result of changing fashions decreasing demand for their style of hosiery.

Postcard of Daybrook railway station, 1908

Railway[edit]

Arnold once had a railway station known as ‘Daybrook and Arnold’ or simply ‘Daybrook railway station’. It was closed along with the rest of the line on 4 April 1960. The station was located on Mansfield Road (A60) on what is now a retail park. There is still evidence of the line in the form of remnants of the embankments on Arnot Hill Park (just behind GO Outdoors).[citation needed] The Line was the Great Northern Main Line later nicknamed ‘the back route’, with trains to Gedling and Netherfield with the terminus being Nottingham Victoria. Just after those embankments a later built railway—the Nottingham Suburban Railway—joined it and ran over Thackerays Lane on a bridge on its way to Woodthorpe Park and beyond.[32]

Market[edit]

1968 saw the opening of Arnold Market in the town centre. Market days are on Tuesdays, Fridays and Saturdays,[3][4] with a flea market being held on Wednesdays.[33] Being a private market, it is not run by Gedling Borough Council.[34]

Churches[edit]

Arnold

St. Mary’s Church, of the Church of England, is believed to date from 1176.[35] It is located on Church Lane[36][37] and is a Grade II* listed building.[17][38]

The Grade II* listed[17][39] Roman Catholic Church of the Good Shepherd’s current building on Thackerays Lane[36][37] was built in 1964, its modern architecture – featuring a detached spire-cum-belfry[40] – winning an award from the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1966.[41]

The King’s Church, formed in 1987 as Kingswell Christian Fellowship by attendants of Cornerstone Church, meets at The King’s Centre, which is located on Shirley Drive.[36][42] Originally, the congregation met in a local school and then a day centre for adults with learning disabilities. The church changed its name to The King’s Church in 1996. The church purchased, refurbished and extended the former St. Gilbert’s Catholic Church building, and the King’s Church moved into The King’s Centre in 2002.

Pedestrianised southern section of Front Street at the junction of Worrall Avenue. On the left is Arnold Methodist Church.

Designed by Nottingham-based architect William Herbert Higginbottom, Cross Street Baptist Church was opened in 1909, replacing a previous building – dating from 1825 – on the same site.[43] It is situated on Cross Street,[36][37] hence its name.

St. Mark’s Church in Woodthorpe belongs to the Church of England and consists of around 8,500 parishioners.[44] It was built in 1961 and consecrated in June 1962.[45] It is located on De Vere Gardens.[37][46]

Arnoldarmy is a Salvation Army corps based on High Street,[36] which runs a second-hand shop called Sally’s[47] on Front Street.[48]

Eagle’s Nest Church meets on Sundays and is located in Redhill Academy[36][49] on Redhill Road.[50]

Arnold’s Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses is located on Furlong Street.[37]

Arnold Methodist Church – ‘amc’ – is situated on Front Street.[36][37][51][52]

Emmanuel Pentecostal Church is located on Furlong Avenue.[36][37][53]

Arnold United Reformed Church is situated on Calverton Road.[36][54]

Arnold Wesleyan Reform Church is located on Burford Street.[37][55]

Daybrook

The Church of St. Paul and St. Timothy in Daybrook was designed 1892–1896 by John Loughborough Pearson[56][57] and its construction started in May 1893. In December 1895 the church was completed—except for the 150 feet (46 m)-tall[58] spire and tower,[57] which were added in 1897.[58] The church was originally consecrated in February 1896 in honour of Paul the Apostle,[57] but in 1993 it was re-dedicated as St. Paul’s and St. Timothy’s when the latter, a daughter church, was opened in Byron Street to replace Cecil Hall (which had long been used as an annexe of St Paul’s).[59] The Church of St. Paul and St. Timothy is now a Grade II* listed building[17][60] and is located on Mansfield Road.[36][37]

Daybrook Baptist Church is situated on Mansfield Road.[36][37] Its current building, completed in 1912, was designed by William Herbert Higginbottom.

Shopping[edit]

Front Street, Christmas Eve 2007

Arnold town centre has a diverse range of restaurants and bars and a choice of shops including supermarkets such as Asda, Sainsbury's and Iceland as well as small independent businesses. There are Aldi and Lidl supermarkets in Daybrook. As a market town, Arnold hosts a market on Tuesdays, Fridays and Saturdays,[3][4] with a flea market on Wednesdays.[33]

Recreation[edit]

Arnold Leisure Centre, located on High Street at the heart of the town centre, contains a swimming pool and a theatre—called the Bonington Theatre—which was named after the landscape painter Richard Parkes Bonington.[61] The leisure centre’s most recent refurbishment took place in 2014[62] at a cost of £1.2 million[63] and include the installation of a canopy outside the main entrance, improvements to the Bonington Theatre and bar area as well as major redesigns of the reception area and the changing rooms of the swimming pool.[63]

Connected to Arnold Leisure Centre is Arnold Library,[64] whose most recent refurbishment cost £300,000 and occurred in 2015, improving the library through: the addition of solar panels; the installation of LED lighting; the replacement of windows, heating and ventilation; new shelving; and enhancements to the children’s library.[65]

Healthcare[edit]

Arnold

Highcroft Medical Centre is situated on High Street.[66]

Stenhouse Medical Centre is located on Furlong Street.[67] The practice’s first doctor was Dr Daniel Stenhouse, who in 1886 became a general practitioner in Arnold and practised until 1897 from Ebenezer House, which was the old farmhouse at the bottom of Worrall Avenue. Following this, Dr Stenhouse moved to live and practise from Arnold House on Church Street until his death in 1916. Before Drs Graham, Jacobs and Lobb formed a partnership due to the expansion of the practice in the 1950s, there had been a succession of independent GPs. The practice remained at Arnold House until 1970, when it moved into Arnold Health Centre. April 1991 saw the practice moving into its current building on Furlong Street, on the site of what was called ‘The Flying Horse Yard’,[68] named after a nearby pub, The Flying Horse, which closed in April 2015 and is now a steakhouse called ‘Sprinters’.[69] The practice now has six partners and 12,000 patients.[68]

Daybrook

Daybrook Medical Practice can be found on Salop Street.[70]

Education[edit]

Schools in the town include: Arnbrook Primary School; Arnold Hill Academy; Arnold Mill Primary School; Arnold View Primary School; Arno Vale Junior School; Burford Primary and Nursery School; Christ the King Catholic Voluntary Academy; Coppice Farm Primary School; Good Shepherd Primary Catholic Academy; Redhill Academy; Richard Bonington Primary School; and Robert Mellors Primary and Nursery School.

Arnold has a University of the Third Age (U3A) that meets at Arnold Methodist Church.[71]

Photograph of Thomas Hawksley 

Notable people[edit]

Nottingham City Transport Lime Line 59 bus at Killisick terminus, 2011.

Bus services[edit]

Nottingham City Transport
  • 25: Nottingham - Carlton - Westdale Lane - Mapperley - Arnold[78]
  • 46: Nottingham - Mapperley - Arnold[79]
  • 56: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Plains Estate - Arnold[80][81]
  • 56B: Somersby Road, Arnold - Plains Estate - Front Street, Arnold[80][82]
  • 57: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Darlton Drive, Plains Estate[80][83]
  • 57X: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arno Vale Road - Plains Estate[80][84]
  • 58: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killsick[80][85]
  • N58: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killisick - Plains Estate[80][86]
  • 59: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Killsick[80][87]
  • 79/79A: Nottingham - Nuthall Road - Bulwell - Rise Park - Arnold[88][89]
  • 87: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - City Hospital - Redhill - Arnold[90]
  • L9: Nottingham - Mapperley - Sherwood - City Hospital - Arnold - Bestwood Park[91]
  • L11: Arnold - Bulwell - Bilborough - Beeston[92]
  • L53: Clifton - QMC - Arnold[93]
Trent Barton
  • Calverton Connection: Nottingham - Mansfield Road - Arnold - Calverton.[94]

Gallery[edit]

Oxclose Lane Police Station 
The junction between Front Street and Coppice Road 
Front Street, Christmas Eve 2007 
Aerial photograph of Surgeys Lane, 1995 
Arnold Fire Station 
The junction of Nottingham Road with Mansfield Road 
The Lord Nelson pub (pictured) was located on Front Street. Its building has been occupied by a café since 2010.[95] 
The Major Oak pub is situated on the junction between Rolleston Drive and Brook Street. 
Part of the Sainsbury's supermarket and its car park. Note that the Home Brewery building is visible in the distance. 
An old house of brick construction. Ivy is growing up its walls.
34 High Street, Arnold: Built between 1725 and 1740,[96] the Grade II listed building[17][97] is one of the oldest houses[96] – if not the oldest house – in the town. 
A black cast-iron hald-round post with a domed top. Around one metre high. It has the year ‘1877’ in white raised lettering. It also says ‘CITY OF NOTTINGHAM’ in capital letters which is accompanied with the coat of arms of the City of Nottingham, and the word ‘BOUNDARY’ in capital letters below that.
The 1877 boundary mark on the island at the Woodthorpe Drive–Woodborough Road junction marked the Nottingham–Arnold boundary and is Grade II listed.[98] 
Daybrook Almshouses, Mansfield Road were built in 1899 in Daybrook by local businessman and philanthropist Sir John Robinson and are now Grade II listed.[17][99] 

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Sir John Robinson Way is a road built after the redevelopment of the brewery site following its 1996 closure[14] and named in honour of its founder.[15]
  2. ^ excluding the “very tall square tower”[12] which provides a fourth storey,[13] and including the “ancillary lower ground floor”[13]
Notes
  1. ^ a b Brinkhoff, Thomas (7 July 2013). "Arnold (Nottinghamshire)". City Population. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Langston, Brett (2013). "Nottinghamshire Registration District". UK BMD website. UK BMD. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Gedling Borough Guide & Street Plan" (PDF). Gedling.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Arnold Market, a Market in Arnold, Nottinghamshire. Search for Nottinghamshire Markets". Information-britain.co.uk. 16 October 2005. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Greater Nottingham (Broxtowe Borough, Gedling Borough, Nottingham City) Aligned Core Strategies: Part 1 Local Plan. Nottingham: Broxtowe Borough Council; Gedling Borough Council; Nottingham City Council. September 2014. p. 29. 
  6. ^ "Find & Contact Us". gedling.gov.uk. Gedling Borough Council. 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Domesday Book Online - Nottinghamshire A-E". The Domesday Book Online. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Civic Heraldry Of England And Wales-Nottinghamshire (Obsolete)". Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Search for a new owner for iconic brewery building". Nottingham Post. Local World. 4 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  10. ^ Hewitt, John (2015). "Gedling Heritage Guide" (PDF). Gedling Borough Council. p. 2. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c Studeny, Richard (2001). "Nottinghamshire breweries - Home Brewery, Daybrook". BBC Nottingham website. BBC. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d Historic England. "HOME ALES BREWERY AND ATTACHED RAILINGS (1237602)". National Heritage List for England. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f Straw, Craig. "Landmark building is open to offers". Innes England website. Innes England. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "Nottinghamshire - Daybrook, Mansfield Road: Home Brewery Co Ltd (closed 1996)". Brewery History Society. Brewery History Society. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "Nottinghamshire: Defunct Brewery Livery". Brewery History Society. Brewery History Society. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  16. ^ Straw, Craig; Davis, Giles (February 2012). "Sir John Robinson House particulars" (PDF). Nottinghamshire County Council website. Nottingham: Innes England. p. 3. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Gedling Borough Council Planning and Environment Department Local Plans Section (6 December 2005). "Listed Buildings" (PDF). Gedling Borough Council. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
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  19. ^ a b "Public Monuments and Sculpture Association". Retrieved 24 November 2012. 
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  22. ^ Charities Commission Enquiry: King George V Playing Field Arnold - Registered Charity No 700035 Archived 3 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ Allison, Bob. "Visiting Eagle Valley". arnoldtownfc.co.uk. Arnold Town Football Club. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
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  33. ^ a b "Traders face pitch battle to stop the market trade from stalling". Nottingham Post. Local World. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
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  35. ^ "History". St. Mary’s Church, Arnold. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
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  43. ^ Mellors, Robert (1913). King, R W; Russell, J, eds. A History of Arnold. p. 132. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  44. ^ Johnson, Michael; Roberts, Matt. "Welcome to St Mark's Woodthorpe". stmarksonline.co.uk. St. Mark’s Church. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  45. ^ Leek, Steve; Hardy, Victoria (2015). "St. Mark's Parish Profile 2015" (PDF). stmarksonline.co.uk. St. Mark’s Church. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
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  47. ^ "Who Are We?". arnoldarmy.com. Arnoldarmy. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
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  51. ^ "how to find us". arnoldmethodistchurch.org. Arnold Methodist Church. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
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External links[edit]