St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin
|Order||Order of Saint Benedict (846–1139)|
Congregation of Savigny (1139–1147)
Cistercian Order (1147–1539)
|Dedicated to||Mary, mother of Jesus|
|Founder(s)||Máel Sechnaill mac Máele Ruanaid|
|Heritage designation||National Monument|
|Location||Abbey Street, Dublin, Ireland|
St. Mary's Abbey was a former Cistercian abbey located near Abbey Street in Dublin, Ireland. Its territory stretched from the district known as Oxmanstown down along the River Liffey until it met the sea. It also owned large estates in other parts of Ireland. It was one of several liberties that existed in Dublin since the arrival of the Anglo-Normans in the 12th century, which gave it jurisdiction over its lands.
The abbey was founded by the Irish king Máel Sechnaill mac Máele Ruanaid (died 862) in 846, according to the Annals of the Four Masters. It was originally Benedictine, but in 1139 was given by Malachy O'Morga, the legate of the Pope, to monks belonging to the Congregation of Savigny, which in 1147 joined the Cistercian order.
In 1303, a great part of the abbey and church was destroyed by fire but was re-constructed. However, many of the city records in chancery stored in the abbey were destroyed. The abbey was one of the largest and richest in Ireland at that time.
In 1316 Robert de Nottingham, then Mayor of Dublin, attacked the abbey where the Earl of Ulster, Richard Óg de Burgh, was visiting. De Burgh was suspected of having brought Edward Bruce, who was then marching on Dublin, to Ireland. Several of de Burgh's men were killed before he was captured, and as the monks were suspected of supporting Bruce, the abbey was laid waste.
Silken Thomas started his rebellion of 1534 here, by throwing down his Sword of State.
Burials in the abbey
Abbey became an arsenal
After the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539 the property was given over to John Travers and the church became an arsenal and part of a quarry. The spacious lands which had been owned by the monks came in time to be let to persons who desired to build residences or places of business thereon.
Abbey became a private residence
In 1619 Sir Gerald Moore of Mellifont, Drogheda, received from King James I of England a grant of the abbey, together with its tithes and lands. He later became Viscount Moore of Mellifont. The family of Moore made the Abbey their Dublin residence up to the close of the 17th century, and it was Henry Moore, 1st Earl of Drogheda, who built himself a mansion on what is now O'Connell Street and developed Henry, Moore and Earl streets.
In 1676 the stones of the Abbey were used for the building of Essex Bridge (now Grattan Bridge, leading to Parliament St.)
Abbey lands became Glasnevin Cemetery
Dr.Charles Lindsay (Charles Dalrymple Lindsay), Dean of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin 1804–46 and afterwards Bishop of Kildare, acquired the old monastic lands of Glasnevin, which had once belonged to the abbey. These were purchased around 1832 to form what is now Glasnevin Cemetery.
The abbey was only rediscovered, 7 feet (2 m) underground and underneath a bakery, in the 1880s, by an amateur archaeologist. His findings were publicized by John Thomas Gilbert. Parts of the old adjoining walls can still be seen. The building is now in the care of Heritage Ireland. The Chapter House is ordinarily open to visitors, by descending a stone staircase. As of May 2015[update] the site is closed until further notice.
- Gilbert, John Thomas (1884). Chartularies of St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin: with the Register of its house at Dunbrody and Annals of Ireland. London: Longman. (2 volumes; Volume 2 on Internet Archive)
- White, Newport B., ed. (1943). Extents of Irish Monastic Possessions 1540–1541; from manuscripts in the Public Record Office, London. Dublin: Stationery Office for the Irish Manuscripts Commission.
- Gilbert, John (1854). A History of the City of Dublin. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Gwynn, A. (1949). "The Origins of St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 79 (1/2, Centenary Volume): 110–125. JSTOR 25510691.
- Lawlor, H. J. (30 June 1926). "The Foundation of St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Sixth Series. Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 16 (1): 22–28. JSTOR 25513386.
- Ó Conbhuí [Conway], C[olmcille]. (Séamus) (1961–63). "The Lands of St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Section C. Royal Irish Academy. 62: 21–86. JSTOR 25505103.
- Tutty, Michael J. (September 1971). "Editorial: St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin". Dublin Historical Record. Old Dublin Society. 24 (4): 88. JSTOR 30103890.
- "Review "St Mary's Abbey, Dublin" by the Rev Albert J. Luddy". The Irish Monthly. Irish Jesuit Province. 63 (741): 201. March 1935. JSTOR 20513727.
- "Review "Extents of Irish Monastic Possessions 1540-1541" Edited by Newport B. White". The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. Seventh Series. Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland. 14 (2): 95–96. 30 June 1944. JSTOR 25510436.
- Wright, George Newenham (1825). "An Historical Guide to the City of Dublin". Online book. Retrieved 15 April 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)