Eurovision Song Contest 1971

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Eurovision Song Contest 1971
ESC 1971 logo.png
Dates
Final3 April 1971
Host
VenueGaiety Theatre
Dublin, Ireland
Presenter(s)Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir
Musical directorColman Pearce
Directed byTom McGrath
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Host broadcasterRaidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
Interval actBunratty Castle Entertainers
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/dublin-1971 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries18
Debuting countries Malta
Returning countries
Non-returning countriesNone
Vote
Voting systemTwo-member juries (one aged 16 to 25 and the other 25 to 55) rated songs between one and five points.
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Monaco
"Un banc, un arbre, une rue"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1971 was the 16th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Dublin, Ireland, following Dana's win at the 1970 contest in Amsterdam, Netherlands with the song "All Kinds of Everything". It was the first time Ireland hosted the event. The contest was held at the Gaiety Theatre on Saturday 3 April 1971, and was hosted by Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir.

Eighteen countries participated in the contest, equalling the record of the 1965 and 1966 editions. Austria returned after their two-year absence, while Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden all returned after their one-year absence. Malta made their début in this edition.

The winner was Monaco with the song "Un banc, un arbre, une rue", performed by Séverine, written by Yves Dessca, and composed by Jean-Pierre Bourtayre. This was Monaco's first and only victory in the contest. The song was performed by a French singer, living in France, sung in French, conducted by a French native and written by a French team. Séverine later claimed she never visited Monaco before or after her victory – a claim easily disproved by the preview video submitted by Télé-Monte-Carlo featuring the singer on location in the Principality.[1]

Location[edit]

Gaiety Theatre, Dublin – host venue of the 1971 contest.

The contest was held at the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin, the capital and most populous city of Ireland.[2][3] This was the first time that the contest was held in Ireland.

Format[edit]

For the first time, each participating broadcaster was required to televise all the songs in "previews" prior to the live final. Belgium's preview video featured Nicole & Hugo performing the song "Goeiemorgen, morgen", but Nicole was struck with a sudden illness days before the contest final, with Jacques Raymond & Lily Castel stepping in at short notice to perform the entry in their place. Reports suggested that Castel had not even had enough time to buy a suitable dress for the show.

The BBC were worried about the possible audience reaction to the UK song due to the hostilities raging in Northern Ireland. They specifically selected a singer from Northern Ireland, Clodagh Rodgers, who was popular in both the UK and the Republic of Ireland, to ease any ill-feeling from the Dublin audience. However, Rodgers still received death threats from the IRA for representing the UK.

Groups of up to six people were allowed to perform for the first time, with the rule in previous contests of performing either solo or as a duet abolished.[4]

This was only RTÉ's second outside broadcast in colour. The contest was broadcast in Iceland, the United States and Hong Kong several days later.[5]

Voting system[edit]

A new voting system was introduced in this year's contest: each country sent two jury members, one aged over 25 and the other under 25 (with at least ten years' difference between their ages), with both awarding each country (except their own) a score of between one and five points.

While this meant that no country could score fewer than 34 points (and in the event all eighteen scored at least 52), it had one major problem: some jury members tended to award only one or two points. Whether this was done to increase their respective countries' chances of winning is not known for sure, but this shortcoming was nonetheless plain.[4] However, the system remained in place for the 1972 and 1973 contests.

Participating countries[edit]

Malta made their début in this year's contest, while Austria, Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden all returned after a brief absence. This brought the total number of countries to eighteen.

Conductors[edit]

Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra.[6][7]

Returning artists[edit]

Two artists returned to the competition this year: Katja Ebstein represented Germany for the second consecutive year, while Jacques Raymond had previously represented Belgium in 1963.

Results[edit]

Draw Country Artist Song Language[8][9] Place Points
01  Austria Marianne Mendt "Musik" Viennese 16 66
02  Malta Joe Grech "Marija l-Maltija" Maltese 18 52
03  Monaco Séverine "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" French 1 128
04   Switzerland Peter, Sue and Marc "Les illusions de nos vingt ans" French 12 78
05  Germany Katja Ebstein "Diese Welt" German 3 100
06  Spain Karina "En un mundo nuevo" Spanish 2 116
07  France Serge Lama "Un jardin sur la terre" French 10 82
08  Luxembourg Monique Melsen "Pomme, pomme, pomme" French 13 70
09  United Kingdom Clodagh Rodgers "Jack in the Box" English 4 98
10  Belgium Lily Castel & Jacques Raymond "Goeiemorgen, morgen" Dutch 14 68
11  Italy Massimo Ranieri "L'amore è un attimo" Italian 5 91
12  Sweden Family Four "Vita vidder" Swedish 6 85
13  Ireland Angela Farrell "One Day Love" English 11 79
14  Netherlands Saskia & Serge "Tijd" Dutch 6 85
15  Portugal Tonicha "Menina do alto da serra" Portuguese 9 83
16  Yugoslavia Krunoslav Slabinac "Tvoj dječak je tužan" (Твој дјечак је тужан) Serbo-Croatian 14 68
17  Finland Markku Aro & Koivistolaiset "Tie uuteen päivään" Finnish 8 84
18  Norway Hanne Krogh "Lykken er" Norwegian 17 65

Scoreboard[edit]

The Netherlands' Saskia & Serge finished 6th with their entry "Tijd".
Results
Total score
Austria
Malta
Monaco
Switzerland
Germany
Spain
France
Luxembourg
United Kingdom
Belgium
Italy
Sweden
Ireland
Netherlands
Portugal
Yugoslavia
Finland
Norway
Contestants
Austria 66 3 5 2 7 2 3 2 3 3 6 4 6 3 5 4 3 5
Malta 52 4 2 2 3 5 3 2 3 4 4 2 4 5 2 2 3 2
Monaco 128 4 5 10 10 2 8 4 8 10 4 10 9 9 8 10 7 10
Switzerland 78 5 5 4 6 2 6 2 6 3 7 4 5 5 6 4 4 4
Germany 100 6 5 7 6 8 8 2 6 7 6 6 5 5 7 7 5 4
Spain 116 4 8 10 5 7 10 4 7 4 5 6 9 6 7 7 9 8
France 82 3 2 8 8 5 5 2 5 3 4 4 6 9 5 5 3 5
Luxembourg 70 2 7 6 3 2 4 5 6 3 3 2 5 3 6 4 5 4
United Kingdom 98 4 8 8 6 5 2 8 4 8 3 5 7 5 7 6 6 6
Belgium 68 3 2 5 4 2 2 5 2 6 3 5 4 6 6 3 6 4
Italy 91 4 6 9 8 6 6 9 2 6 2 7 6 2 3 8 2 5
Sweden 85 7 4 4 9 4 2 5 2 5 6 6 3 9 3 6 4 6
Ireland 79 7 6 6 3 4 5 7 2 6 3 6 2 5 4 5 4 4
Netherlands 85 6 2 6 5 4 5 7 2 5 2 2 6 5 9 5 6 8
Portugal 83 4 3 6 2 5 10 8 5 6 4 4 2 3 5 6 5 5
Yugoslavia 68 6 2 4 2 7 6 6 2 3 2 5 2 5 4 4 3 5
Finland 84 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 2 10 10 2 4 6 3 8 6 6
Norway 65 3 3 6 4 2 2 5 2 7 6 2 2 7 2 5 4 3

10 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all perfect 10 scores that were given during the voting.

N. Contestant Voting nation
6 Monaco Belgium, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Yugoslavia
2 Spain France, Monaco
Finland Belgium, United Kingdom
1 Portugal Spain

Broadcasters, commentators and jury members[edit]

Jury members[edit]

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1971 contest along with the names of the two jury members who voted for their respective country. Each country announced their results in groups of three.

  1.  Austria – Beatrix Neundlinger and Jochen Lieben
  2.  Malta – Spiro Sillato and Gaetan Abela[10]
  3.  MonacoUnknown
  4.   SwitzerlandUnknown
  5.  Germany – Kirsten Ludwig and Wolfgang Henk[11]
  6.  Spain – Noelia Afonso and Francisco Madariaga
  7.  France – Claude Crémieux and Jacques Ourevitch[12]
  8.  LuxembourgUnknown
  9.  United Kingdom – Jeremy Paterson Fox and Gay Lowe[7][13]
  10.  BelgiumUnknown
  11.  ItalyUnknown
  12.  Sweden – Eva Blomqvist and Putte Wickman[14]
  13.  Ireland – Vivienne Colgan and Ken Steward[15]
  14.  Netherlands – Jos Cléber and Unknown
  15.  Portugal – Pedro Albergaria and Luís Filipe Costa[16]
  16.  Yugoslavia – Miso Kukic and Zoran Krzisnik[17]
  17.  Finland – Markku Veijalainen and Vieno Kekkonen[18]
  18.  Norway – Sten Fredriksen and Liv Usterud

Broadcasters and commentators[edit]

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
Participating countries
 Austria FS1 Ernst Grissemann [de]
Hitradio Ö3 Hubert Gaisbauer [de]
 Belgium RTB French: Janine Lambotte [fr]
BRT Dutch: Herman Verelst [nl]
RTB La Première French: André Hagon
BRT Radio 1 Dutch: Nand Baert [nl]
 Finland YLE TV1 Heikki Seppälä [fi]
Yleisohjelma Matti Paalosmaa [fi]
 France Deuxième Chaîne ORTF Georges de Caunes [19]
France Inter TBC
 Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Hanns Verres [de]
Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2 Wolf Mittler
 Ireland RTÉ Noel Andrews
RTÉ Radio Kevin Roche [20]
 Italy Programma Nazionale and
Secondo Programma Radio
Renato Tagliani [it]
 Luxembourg Télé-Luxembourg Jacques Navadic
RTL Camillo Felgen
 Malta MTV Victor Aquilina [10]
 Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Georges de Caunes
 Netherlands Nederland 1 Pim Jacobs [21]
 Norway NRK Sverre Christophersen [no]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
 Portugal I Programa Henrique Mendes [16]
Emissora Nacional Programa 1 TBC
 Spain Primera Cadena Joaquín Prat
Primer Programa RNE Miguel de los Santos [es]
 Sweden SR TV1 Åke Strömmer [14]
SR P3 Ursula Richter [sv] [14]
  Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr]
TSI Italian: Giovanni Bertini
 United Kingdom BBC1 Dave Lee Travis [7][22]
BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 2 Terry Wogan [7][23]
BFBS Radio John Russell [7]
 Yugoslavia Televizija Beograd Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić
Televizija Zagreb Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar
Televizija Ljubljana Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Non-participating countries
 Greece EIRT Mako Georgiadou [el]
 Iceland Sjónvarpið Unknown
 United States PBS No commentator [7][24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eurovision 1971 PREVIEW Monaco – SÉVERINE "Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue"". 8 August 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2012 – via YouTube.
  2. ^ "The Growth and Development of Dublin". Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Primate City Definition and Examples". Retrieved 21 October 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
  5. ^ "Eurovision 1971 – Opening ceremony". 7 July 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2012 – via YouTube.
  6. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 51–64. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  8. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  10. ^ a b "It was all in the game", Fred Barry, Times of Malta, 7 April 1971
  11. ^ "1971 Eurovision Song Contest (German Commentary at 1h:14m:55s)". Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  12. ^ "ESC 1971 - French comments (ORTF) 4:5".
  13. ^ "Dubliner Jury bestochen?", Hamburger Abendblatt, 6 April 1971
  14. ^ a b c Thorsson, Leif (2006). Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"]. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. p. 88. ISBN 91-89136-29-2.
  15. ^ Eriksen, Espen: "Vi tjener inn tapet på turisme", VG, page 13, 7 April 1971
  16. ^ a b "A África também vai ver o Grande Prémio da Eurovisão", Diário de Lisboa, 3 April 1971
  17. ^ Vladimir Pinzovski
  18. ^ Zitting, Marianne (27 June 2010). "Muistathan: Eurovision laulukilpailu 1971" (in Finnish). Viisukuppila. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  19. ^ Masson, Christian. "1971 – Dublin" (in French). Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  20. ^ "RTÉ Stills Library". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  21. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival" (in Dutch). Eurovision Artists. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
  22. ^ "Grand Final: 1971, Eurovision Song Contest". BBC.
  23. ^ "Wogan quits Eurovision role". BBC News. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  24. ^ "Fanfare; 28; Eurovision Song Contest". Retrieved 13 July 2020 – via americanarchive.org.

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History, John Kennedy O'Connor, Carlton Books Ltd, ISBN 1-84442-994-6

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°20′25″N 6°15′42″W / 53.340312°N 6.261601°W / 53.340312; -6.261601