Eurovision Song Contest 1971

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Eurovision Song Contest 1971
ESC 1971 logo.png
Dates
Final 3 April 1971
Host
Venue Gaiety Theatre
Dublin, Ireland
Presenter(s) Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir
Conductor Colman Pearce
Director Tom McGrath
Executive supervisor Clifford Brown
Host broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
Interval act Bunratty Castle Entertainers
Participants
Number of entries 18
Debuting countries  Malta
Returning countries
Withdrawing countries None
Vote
Voting system Each country had two jury members, one aged between 16 and 25 and another aged between 26 and 55. They each awarded 1 to 5 points for each song immediately after it was performed (other than the song from their own country) and the votes were collected and counted as soon as they were cast. The juries watched the show on TV from a backstage area of the theatre and then appeared on stage to confirm their scores.
Nul points None
Winning song  Monaco
"Un banc, un arbre, une rue"
Eurovision Song Contest
◄1970 1971 1972►

The Eurovision Song Contest 1971 was the sixteenth edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Dublin, Ireland on 3 April 1971.

Monaco's win was their first and only victory. The song was performed by a French singer, living in France, sung in French, conducted by a French native and written by a French team. Séverine later claimed she never visited Monaco before or after her victory – a claim easily disproved by the preview video submitted by Télé-Monte-Carlo featuring the singer on location in the Principality.[1]

Location[edit]

For more details on the host city, see Dublin.
Location of the host city.
Gaiety Theatre, Dublin - host venue of the 1971 Eurovision Song Contest

The contest was held at the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin, the capital and most populous city of Ireland.[2][3] This was the first time that the contest was held in Ireland.

Format[edit]

For the first time, each participating broadcaster was required to televise all the songs in "previews" prior to the live final. Belgium's preview video featured Nicole & Hugo performing the song "Goeiemorgen, morgen", but Nicole was struck with a sudden illness days before the contest final, with Jacques Raymond & Lily Castel stepping in at short notice to perform the entry in their place. Reports suggested that Castel had not even had enough time to buy a suitable dress for the show.

The BBC were worried about the possible audience reaction to the UK song due to the hostilities raging in Northern Ireland. They specifically selected a singer from Northern Ireland, Clodagh Rodgers, who was popular in both the UK and the Republic of Ireland, to ease any ill-feeling from the Dublin audience. However, Rodgers still received death threats from the IRA for representing the UK.

Groups of up to six people were allowed to perform for the first time, with the rule in previous contests of performing either solo or as a duet abolished.[4]

This was only RTÉ's second outside broadcast in colour. The contest was broadcast in Iceland, the USA and Hong Kong several days later.[5]

Voting system[edit]

A new voting system was introduced in this year's contest: each country sent two jury members, one aged over 25 and the other under 25 (with at least ten years' difference between their ages), with both awarding each country (except their own) a score of between one and five points.

While this meant that no country could score fewer than 34 points (and in the event all eighteen scored at least 52), it had one major problem: some jury members tended to award only one or two points. Whether this was done to increase their respective countries' chances of winning is not known for sure, but this shortcoming was nonetheless plain.[4] However, the system remained in place for the 1972 and 1973 contests.

Participating countries[edit]

Malta made their début in this year's contest, while Austria, Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden all returned after a brief absence. This brought the total number of countries to eighteen.

Conductors[edit]

Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra.[6]

Returning artists[edit]

Two artists returned to the competition this year: Katja Ebstein represented Germany for the second consecutive year, while Jacques Raymond had previously represented Belgium in 1963.

Results[edit]

Draw Country Language[7] Artist Song English translation Place Points
01  Austria Viennese Marianne Mendt "Musik" Music 16 66
02  Malta Maltese Joe Grech "Marija l-Maltija" Mary, the Maltese girl 18 52
03  Monaco French Séverine "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" A bench, a tree, a street 1 128
04   Switzerland French Peter, Sue and Marc "Les illusions de nos vingt ans" The illusions of our youth 12 78
05  Germany German Katja Ebstein "Diese Welt" This world 3 100
06  Spain Spanish Karina "En un mundo nuevo" In a new world 2 116
07  France French Serge Lama "Un jardin sur la terre" A garden on earth 10 82
08  Luxembourg French Monique Melsen "Pomme, pomme, pomme" Apple, apple, apple 13 70
09  United Kingdom English Clodagh Rodgers "Jack In The Box" 4 98
10  Belgium Dutch Lily Castel & Jacques Raymond "Goeiemorgen, morgen" Good morning, morning 14 68
11  Italy Italian Massimo Ranieri "L'amore è un attimo" Love is a moment 5 91
12  Sweden Swedish Family Four "Vita vidder" White horizons 6 85
13  Ireland English Angela Farrell "One Day Love" 11 79
14  Netherlands Dutch Saskia & Serge "Tijd" Time 6 85
15  Portugal Portuguese Tonicha "Menina do alto da serra" High ridge girl 9 83
16  Yugoslavia Croatian Krunoslav Slabinac "Tvoj dječak je tužan" Your boy is sad 14 68
17  Finland Finnish Markku Aro & Koivistolaiset "Tie uuteen päivään" A way to a new day 8 84
18  Norway Norwegian Hanne Krogh "Lykken er" Happiness is 17 65

Scoreboard[edit]

The Netherlands' Saskia & Serge finished 6th with their entry "Tijd".
Results
Total Score Austria Malta Monaco Switzerland Germany Spain France Luxembourg United Kingdom Belgium Italy Sweden Ireland Netherlands Portugal Yugoslavia Finland Norway
Contestants Austria 66 3 5 2 7 2 3 2 3 3 6 4 6 3 5 4 3 5
Malta 52 4 2 2 3 5 3 2 3 4 4 2 4 5 2 2 3 2
Monaco 128 4 5 10 10 2 8 4 8 10 4 10 9 9 8 10 7 10
Switzerland 78 5 5 4 6 2 6 2 6 3 7 4 5 5 6 4 4 4
Germany 100 6 5 7 6 8 8 2 6 7 6 6 5 5 7 7 5 4
Spain 116 4 8 10 5 7 10 4 7 4 5 6 9 6 7 7 9 8
France 82 3 2 8 8 5 5 2 5 3 4 4 6 9 5 5 3 5
Luxembourg 70 2 7 6 3 2 4 5 6 3 3 2 5 3 6 4 5 4
United Kingdom 98 4 8 8 6 5 2 8 4 8 3 5 7 5 7 6 6 6
Belgium 68 3 2 5 4 2 2 5 2 6 3 5 4 6 6 3 6 4
Italy 91 4 6 9 8 6 6 9 2 6 2 7 6 2 3 8 2 5
Sweden 85 7 4 4 9 4 2 5 2 5 6 6 3 9 3 6 4 6
Ireland 79 7 6 6 3 4 5 7 2 6 3 6 2 5 4 5 4 4
Netherlands 85 6 2 6 5 4 5 7 2 5 2 2 6 5 9 5 6 8
Portugal 83 4 3 6 2 5 10 8 5 6 4 4 2 3 5 6 5 5
Yugoslavia 68 6 2 4 2 7 6 6 2 3 2 5 2 5 4 4 3 5
Finland 84 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 2 10 10 2 4 6 3 8 6 6
Norway 65 3 3 6 4 2 2 5 2 7 6 2 2 7 2 5 4 3

10 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all perfect 10 scores that were given during the voting.

N. Contestant Voting nation
6 Monaco Belgium, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Yugoslavia
2 Finland Belgium, United Kingdom
Spain France, Monaco
1 Portugal Spain

International broadcasts and voting[edit]

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1971 contest, along with the spokespeople who were responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.[4]

Voting order Country Jury members Commentator Broadcaster
01  Austria Beatrix Neundlinger and Jochen Lieben Ernst Grissemann FS1
Hubert Gaisbauer Hitradio Ö3
02  Malta Spiro Sillato and Gaetan Abela[8] Victor Aquilina[8] MTV
TBC TBC
03  Monaco TBC Georges de Caunes Télé Monte Carlo
TBC TBC
04   Switzerland TBC Theodor Haller TV DRS
Georges Hardy TSR
Giovanni Bertini TSI
TBC TBC
05  Germany TBC Hanns Verres ARD Deutsches Fernsehen[9]
Wolf Mittler Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2
06  Spain Noelia Afonso and Francisco Madariaga Joaquín Prat TVE1[10]
Miguel de los Santos Primer Programa RNE
07  France TBC Georges de Caunes Deuxième Chaîne ORTF[11]
TBC France Inter
08  Luxembourg TBC Jacques Navadic Télé-Luxembourg
Camillo Felgen RTL Radio
09  United Kingdom Gay Lowe and Jeremy Patterson-Fox[12] Dave Lee Travis BBC1[13]
Terry Wogan BBC Radio 1[14]
John Russel British Forces Radio[15]
10  Belgium TBC Herman Verelst BRT
Janine Lambotte RTB
Nand Baert BRT Radio 1
André Hagon RTB La Première
11  Italy TBC Renato Tagliani Programma Nazionale
Renato Tagliani Secondo Programma Radio
12  Sweden Eva Blomqvist and Putte Wickman[16] Åke Strömmer SR TV1[16]
Ursula Richter SR P3[16]
13  Ireland TBC Noel Andrews RTÉ Television
Kevin Roche Radio Éireann[17]
14  Netherlands Jos Cléber Pim Jacobs Nederland 1[18]
TBC TBC
15  Portugal Pedro Albergaria and Luís Filipe Costa[19] Henrique Mendes RTP1[19]
TBC RDP Antena 1
16  Yugoslavia Miso Kukic and Zoran Krzisnik[20] Milovan Ilić Televizija Beograd
Oliver Mlakar Televizija Zagreb
Tomaž Terček Televizija Ljubljana
TBC TBC
17  Finland Markku Veijalainen and Vieno Kekkonen[21] Heikki Seppälä TV-ohjelma 1[22]
Poppe Berg YLE Radio 1
18  Norway Sten Fredriksen and Liv Ustemd Sverre Christophersen NRK[23]
Erik Heyerdahl NRK P1
-  Greece (Non-participating country) Mako Georgiadou EIRT
-  Iceland (Non-participating country) TBC RÚV

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eurovision 1971 PREVIEW Monaco - SÉVERINE "Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue"". YouTube. 8 August 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "The Growth and Development of Dublin" (PDF). Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Primate City Definition and Examples". Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Eurovision 1971 - Opening ceremony". YouTube. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "And the conductor is...". Retrieved 16 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "It was all in the game", Fred Barry, Times of Malta, 7 April 1971
  9. ^ Rau, Oliver (OGAE Germany)
  10. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Masson, Christian. "1971 - Dublin" (in French). Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Dubliner Jury bestochen?", Hamburger Abendblatt, 6 April 1971
  13. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1971 BBC Archive
  14. ^ "Wogan quits Eurovision role". BBC News. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  15. ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs For Europe - The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest Volume Two: The 1970's. UK: Telos Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6. 
  16. ^ a b c Leif Thorsson. Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"] (2006), p. 88. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. ISBN 91-89136-29-2
  17. ^ "RTÉ Stills Library". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival" (in Dutch). Eurovision Artists. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  19. ^ a b "A África também vai ver o Grande Prémio da Eurovisão", Diário de Lisboa, 3 April 1971
  20. ^ Vladimir Pinzovski
  21. ^ Zitting, Marianne (27 June 2010). "Muistathan: Eurovision laulukilpailu 1971" (in Finnish). Viisukuppila. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  22. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien?" (in Finnish). Viisukuppila. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  23. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History, John Kennedy O'Connor, Carlton Books Ltd, ISBN 1-84442-994-6

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°20′25″N 6°15′42″W / 53.340312°N 6.261601°W / 53.340312; -6.261601