String Quartet No. 3 (Tchaikovsky)
The String Quartet No. 3 in E♭ minor, Op. 30, by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was composed in 1876, and is the last of his three String Quartets. It was written as a memorial for Ferdinand Laub. (The date upon the manuscript is early February 1876.)
The quartet was performed for the first time at a party at Nikolai Rubinstein's apartment on March 2, 1876. The first public performance was at a concert on 30 March (new style/March 18 (old style), the performers being: Jan Hřímalý and Adolph Brodsky, violins; Yuly Gerber, viola; and Wilhelm Fitzenhagen, cello.
Once, while Tchaikovsky was staying with some friends, they surprised him by bringing in a String Quartet who performed this quartet for him. When they finished playing, Tchaikovsky remarked, "At first I didn't much like the Finale, but now I see that it is quite good."
The work is in four movements and is approximately 37 minutes long.
- Andante sostenuto (E♭ minor, 6
8) – Allegro moderato (E♭ minor, 3
- Allegretto vivo e scherzando (B♭ major, 2
- Andante funebre e doloroso, ma con moto (E♭ minor, 4
- Finale: Allegro non troppo e risoluto (E♭ major, 2
The Andante funebre was originally intended to be the second movement, with the Allegretto vivo e scherzando as the third, but Tchaikovsky later decided to switch them.
- Evans, Edwin (1906). Tchaikovsky. New York: E. P. Dutton & Company. pp. 157–8. OCLC 408445.
- Newmarch, Rosa Harriet (1899, revised 1908, republished 1969 by Greenwood Press, and 2006). Tchaikovsky; his life and works, with extracts from his writings, and the diary of his tour abroad in 1888. Kila, MT: Kessinger Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 1-4254-9674-1. Check date values in:
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