String Quartet No. 4 (Dvořák)

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Antonín Dvořák composed String Quartet No. 4 in E minor, B. 19 at some stage in the years 1869 and 1870.[1][2] It was one of three (together with the quartets numbers 2, and 3) which Dvořák later believed he had destroyed after he had disposed of the scores.

Background[edit]

Despite Dvořák's efforts to destroy the work, copies of the individual instrumental parts in his own script were discovered at the beginning of the 20th century, allowing its reconstruction.[1] The quartet was printed in 1968 as part of the complete critical edition of Dvořák's works,[3] and subsequently published by Barenreiter/Supraphon in their Urtext edition. It received its first performance by the Prague Quartet, for Deutsche Gramophon, Jan/Feb 1976,[2] and its first public performance in 1990, by the Martinu Quartet, in Prague.[1]

Structure[edit]

The quartet is in one continuous movement, but with three distinct sections.[3]

  1. Velmi pohyblivé a razné (Assai con moto ed energico)
  2. Andante religioso
  3. Allegro con brio (with a reprise of some of the Andante religioso content towards the end, prior to a fast finish)

Related works[edit]

The music of the second section, marked Andante religioso, was later used as the basis for a movement of the String Quintet No. 2 in G major, B. 49, which in turn was arranged for the Nocturne for Strings in B major, Op. 40 (B. 47) (also published in the composer's own arrangements for Violin and Piano, B. 48a and as a Piano Duet, B. 48b).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c English language version of page about Dvořák's String Quartet No 4 at a Czech site antonin-dvorak.cz, accessed 26 May 2018
  2. ^ a b (Herbert & Trufitt pp. 16–17)
  3. ^ a b Parts published by Barenreiter/Supraphon Urtext edition/ Kriticke Vydani (H4592) dating from 1968

References[edit]

  • Burghauser, Jarmil (1977). Notes translated by John Coombs – Dvorak: The String Quartets (429-193-2) (CD Box Set). Antonín Dvořák. Germany: Deutsche Grammophon. 429-197-2, tracks 1-3.
  • Herbert and Trufitt, Peter J F and Ian T. Antonin Dvorak complete catalogue of works, (The Dvorak Society occasional publications no. 4), 4th revised edition, 2004. The Dvorak Society for Czech and Slovak Music. p. 16/17. ISBN 0-9532769-4-5.
  • Prager Streichquartett, Deutsche Grammophon CD recording of SQ No. 4 429-197-2, Tracks 1-3.

External links[edit]