Sukhumbhand Paribatra

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Mom Rajawongse
Sukhumbhand Paribatra
ม.ร.ว.สุขุมพันธุ์ บริพัตร
Sukhumbhand Paribatra01.jpg
15th Governor of Bangkok
In office
11 January 2009 – 18 October 2016
Preceded by Apirak Kosayothin
Succeeded by Pol Gen Aswin Kwanmuang
Personal details
Born (1952-09-22) 22 September 1952 (age 64)
Bangkok, Thailand
Political party Democrat
Spouse(s) Nuchwadi Bamrungtrakul (div.)
Savitri Paribatra na Ayudhya
Residence Bangkok
Alma mater University of Oxford, Georgetown University
Profession Political scientist
Religion Buddhist

Mom Rajawongse Sukhumbhand Paripatra (Thai: ม.ร.ว.สุขุมพันธุ์ บริพัตร; rtgsSukhumphan Boriphat, Thai pronunciation: [sùʔkʰǔmpʰan bɔːríʔpʰát]; born 22 September 1952) is a Thai politician belonging to the Democrat Party. From 2009-2016 he was the Governor of Bangkok. He was removed from the post in October 2016 by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha who used Section 44 of the interim charter to remove the elected official. The reason given for his ouster was "...because he was involved in many legal cases."[1] He was replaced by Police General Aswin Kwanmuang.[2]

Family[edit]

Sukhumbhand was born in Bangkok to Prince Sukhumbhinanda and his commoner wife, Mom Dusadi Na Thalang. Prince Sukhumbhinanda was himself a son of Prince Paripatra Sukhumbhand, the Prince of Nakhon Sawan, a son of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) with his Queen Consort Sukumalmarsri and an important minister of the royal government from 1926 until the end of absolute monarchy in 1932. Sukhumbhand was a second cousin of King Bhumibol Adulyadej. The title Mom Rajawongse reflects his royal descent as a great grandchild of a monarch. Sukhumbhand is divorced from Nuchwadi Bamrungtrakul. His second wife is Savitri Paribatra na Ayudhya. He has two sons, one from each marriage.

Since 1986, Sukhumbhand has chaired the not-for-profit Chumbhot-Pantip Foundation.[3]

Education and academic career[edit]

Sukhumbhand attended Cheam School and Rugby School in England. He studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) at the Pembroke College of University of Oxford, graduating with a bachelor's degree in 1977. He added post-graduate studies of international relations at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, which he completed with a master's degree.[3]

From 1980 to 1996, he worked as an associate professor of political science at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok. From 1987 to 1995, he directed the university's Institute of Security and International Studies. He served as advisor to the Thai House of Representatives' committee on foreign relations from 1987 to 1991, as policy advisor to Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan from 1988 to 1989, and as advisor to the house committee on parliamentary affairs from 1989 to 1991. From 1992 to 1993, he chaired the Ministry of Commerce's advisory board on international trade. He has taught as a visiting professor at Georgetown University and Columbia University.[3] Sukhumbhand was a member of the Asia Society International Council and the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

Political career[edit]

Poster for Sukhumbhand's 2009 electoral campaign

Sukhumbhand started his political career in the short-lived Nam Thai Party of which he was a founding member in 1994. He soon switched over to the Democrat Party. He was elected member of parliament for Bangkok in 1996 and 2001. From 1997 to 2001, he served as deputy minister of foreign affairs. From 2002 to 2004, he chaired of the Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats. From 2005 to 2008, he was the deputy secretary-general of the Democrat Party. In 2007, he was re-elected to parliament on the party list.[3]

Bangkok Governor Apirak Kosayodhin stepped down in late 2008, after the National Anti-Corruption Commission initiated proceedings against him. In the 11 January 2009 election, Sukhumbhand was elected his successor by a large margin, winning 45 percent of votes cast.[4] After four years in office, he was re-elected on 3 March 2013.[5] On 24 August 2016, he was suspended indefinitely by Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha.[6]

In 1999, when he was foreign minister, he volunteered with a couple other Thai officials to take the place of 82 hostages taken at the Myanmar Embassy in Bangkok by armed gunmen from the "Virulent Burmese Student Warriors". All of the hostages were released unhurt because Paripatra went in the helicopter with the gunmen so they would release all the hostages.[7]

Royal decorations[edit]

Sukhumbhand has received the following royal decorations in the Honours System of Thailand:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sukhumbhand says goodbye to Bangkokians". Bangkok Post. 19 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Sankam, Visarut (2016-10-18). "ด่วน! ใช้ม.44 ให้สุขุมพันธุ์และทีมรองฯพ้นจากตำแหน่ง ตั้งอัศวิน ขวัญเมือง เป็นผู้ว่าฯกทม.". Matichon. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "M.R.Sukhumbhand Paribatra, new Governor of Bangkok". Thailand Observers. 11 January 2009. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. 
  4. ^ "Sukhumbhand vows to serve all sections". The Nation. 12 January 2009. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2009. 
  5. ^ "Sukhumbhand wins, Pheu Thai concedes defeat". Bangkok Post. 3 March 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Thai PM suspends Bangkok Governor Sukhumbhand". Asian News Network. 25 August 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  7. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/463569.stm

Further reading[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Apirak Kosayodhin
Governor of Bangkok
2009-2016
Succeeded by
Aswin Kwanmuang