Sutopo Purwo Nugroho
Sutopo Purwo Nugroho
|Died||7 July 2019 (aged 49)|
|Organization||Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB)|
|Title||Head of Data, Information and Public Relations Center at BNPB|
Sutopo Purwo Nugroho (7 October 1969 – 7 July 2019) was an Indonesian civil servant and academic who worked at the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management as its head of public relations.
Early life and education
Sutopo was born in Boyolali, Central Java, on 7 October 1969 as the first son of Suharsono Harsosaputro and Sri Roosmandari. His father was a teacher. He attended elementary, middle and high schools in his hometown.
He earned his bachelor's degree in Geography from Gadjah Mada University in 1993, where he was the best graduate of the year. Later, he received his master's degree and PhD in hydrology, specialising in the carbon cycle and climate change, from Bogor Agricultural Institute. According to Sutopo in an interview with detik.com, he nearly became a research professor in 2012 before his appointment was cancelled by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. This apparent setback led directly to his being hired as an Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) researcher working at the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB).
After graduating, he worked at the BPPT starting in 1994. There, he worked on cloud seeding. Eventually, he reached the rank of Main Senior Researcher (Indonesian: Peneliti Senior Utama), a rank with the highest pay grade (IV/e) in the Indonesian civil servant system. Sutopo was also involved in a research team which discovered issues with the Situ Gintung dam in late 2008, reporting their findings to the Ministry of Public Works, which found the dam still usable. The dam broke the following March, killing more than a hundred people.
Later, he assisted BNPB before fully joining it in August 2010. Initially, he was the director of risk mitigation. During his first few months in the position, notable disasters included floods in West Papua, an earthquake and tsunami in Mentawai and the eruptions of Mount Merapi. He became the Head of Data Center, Information and Public Relations in November the same year. According to Sutopo, he refused the position three times, before accepting when the agency chief pointed out his PhD, saying that people would believe him more because of it. In an interview with The New York Times, Sutopo remarked that he was not aware that he was being appointed as spokesman until he arrived at his swearing ceremony.
The Guardian referred to Sutopo as "something of a social media celebrity across the country". Due to his active presence on social media during disasters, The Straits Times called him "the single most-quoted Indonesian official in the news during any disaster". For his work in BNPB, he was awarded a "Public Campaigner Award" in 2014 by rmol.co. Later in 2018, Straits Times named him as one of the Asians of the Year, along with a group of other disaster management and relief figures collectively called "The First Responders".
In 2016, when the Governor of Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, criticized the province's disaster management agency, Sutopo defended him, saying that the governor's criticism should be taken as constructive input. The following year, after Basuki was arrested and imprisoned for religious blasphemy, Sutopo publicly praised the former governor on the latter's 51st birthday via Twitter for his success in reducing Jakarta's flooding. Following the 2018 Sunda Strait tsunami, Sutopo made a public remark that the tsunami early warning system in Indonesia was "still far from satisfactory".
ABC reported that in 2017, Sutopo was set to be rotated into another position in the agency, following its policy of staff rotation. The plan was reportedly cancelled after journalists desiring Sutopo to keep his post "bombarded [BNPB's] head with angry texts".
Illness and death
In 2018, Sutopo announced that he had stage IV lung cancer and was undergoing therapy. Despite needing to refrain from physically intensive activities, he continued to work and maintained his social media presence, providing information on events including the sinking of MV Sinar Bangun and the Lombok earthquakes. In June 2019, he went to Guangzhou for treatment. He died there on the morning of 7 July.
- "Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, Redam Info Hoax Soal Bencana dengan Teknologi". Detik (in Indonesian). 17 April 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Lamb, Kate (17 November 2018). "Indonesia's love affair with its dying natural disaster spokesman". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- "Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, Kepala Pusat Data, Informasi, dan Humas BNPB: Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat terhadap Bencana Masih Rendah". Republika (in Indonesian). 3 February 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- Adithia, Fitang Budhi (22 February 2018). "Mengenal Sutopo Purwo Nugroho si Pejuang Bencana dan Kanker Paru-paru". IDN Times (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Batubara, Herianto (5 March 2018). "Cerita Pahit Sutopo BNPB soal Gelar Profesor Risetnya yang Kandas". Detik (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- "Mengenal Lebih Dekat Sutopo, si Pembawa Kabar Bencana". Kumparan (in Indonesian). 1 December 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
...menggeluti bidang hujan buatan di Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)...
- Sarwono, Edi. "PANGKAT PUNCAK PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL" (in Indonesian). BPBD Kabupaten Cilacap. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- Firdausi, Fadrik Aziz (27 March 2018). "Kelalaian yang Membuat Situ Gintung Jebol". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 June 2019.
- Topsfield, Jewel (6 December 2017). "The crisis manager handling Bali's Mt Agung eruption one tweet at a time". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- Paddock, Richard C. (28 December 2018). "He Helped Indonesia Through a 'Year of Disasters,' While Facing His Own". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Popular Indonesian disaster information chief Sutopo battling lung cancer". The Straits Times. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- "Gubernur Jabar Raih Penghargaan Demokrasi". ANTARA News Jawa Barat (in Indonesian). 23 March 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- "'The First Responders' are The Straits Times' Asians of the Year 2018". The Straits Times. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- "BPBD DKI Dihujat Ahok, Begini Tanggapan Sutopo". Republika (in Indonesian). 23 April 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- Sari, Nursita (29 June 2017). "Ultah ke-51, Ahok Dipuji soal Penanggulangan Banjir dari BNPB". KOMPAS (in Indonesian). Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- Barker, Anne (19 January 2019). "He's spent his working life helping save people from natural disasters – now he's dying". ABC News. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
- Manurung, M Yusuf (13 February 2018). "Juru Bicara BNPB Sutopo Purwo Mengidap Kanker Paru Stadium 4". Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Agence France-Presse (4 October 2018). "Indonesia earthquake: Cancer-stricken disaster spokesperson battles on". Rappler. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Kusumaningtyas, Shela (16 February 2018). "Sutopo BNPB, Cerita tentang Kanker Paru dan Semangatnya yang Tak Padam". KOMPAS (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Basarnas Segera Evakuasi Korban KM Lestari Maju". Bisnis Indonesia (in Indonesian). 3 July 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "The Latest: Lombok quake death toll rises to 98". The Washington Post. 6 August 2018. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Kanker Menyebar ke Tulang, Sutopo Berobat ke Guangzhou China". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). 15 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
- "Kepala Pusdatinmas BNBP Sutopo Purwo Nugroho Meninggal Dunia di China". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). 6 July 2019. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
- Adi, Ganug Nugroho (8 July 2019). "Mourners grieve loss of 'exceptional' BNPB spokesman during Boyolali hometown funeral". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 9 July 2019.