Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Indonesian Institute of Sciences
LIPI logo 2013-2014.svg
Jakarta, Indonesia
PresidentAgus Haryono[1]
AddressJl. Jend. Gatot Subroto 10, Jakarta 12710
DissolvedSeptember 1, 2021 (2021-09-01)
Indonesian Institute of Sciences

The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Indonesian: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, or LIPI) was the governmental authority for science and research in Indonesia. It consists of 47 research centers in the fields ranging from social to natural sciences.[2]

With the enactment of Presidential Decree No. 33/2021 on 5 May 2021, LIPI was disbanded along with government research agencies such as Agency of Assessment and Application of Technology (Indonesian: Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi, BPPT), National Nuclear Energy Agency (Indonesian: Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional, BATAN), and National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (Indonesian: Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional, LAPAN). All of those agencies fused into the newly formed National Research and Innovation Agency (Indonesian: Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional, BRIN).[3][4]

Currently the disbandment process is still on process and expected to be finished on 1 January 2022.[5][6] On 1 September 2021, LIPI finally dissolved as independent agency and transformed into four Technical Implementing Organizations of BRIN: Engineering Science Research Organization, Earth Sciences Research Organization, Life Sciences Research Organization, and Social and Humanities Research Organization), indicating the beginning of the institutional integration of the former LIPI into BRIN.[7]


With growing interest in scientific research, the government of the Dutch East Indies established Natuurwetenschappelijke Raad voor Nederlandsch-Indië (Scientific Council of the Dutch East Indies) in 1928. It operated as the country's main research organization until the Japanese occupation in 1942. The Dutch returned to Indonesia and resumed control of the council, the institute was renamed Organisatie voor Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (OPIPA, Organisation for Scientific Research) in 1948.

In 1956 the organization was nationalized as Majelis Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (MIPI, Indonesian Sciences Council). Then in 1962 the government established the Departemen Urusan Riset Nasional (DURENAS, National Research Affairs Department), while MIPI are in charge of founding and operates various National Research Institutes. And in 1966 the government changed the status of DURENAS into Lembaga Riset Nasional (LEMRENAS) (National Research Institute).

In August 1967 the government dissolved LEMRENAS and MIPI with presidential decree no. 128/1967 and established the current Indonesian Institute of Sciences. The new institute ran the operation that was previously covered by LEMRENAS and MIPI.[8]

Research areas[edit]

LIPI had several research centers:

  • Science and technology development
  • Geotechnology
  • Oceanography
  • Limnology
  • Metallurgy
  • Biology
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterial
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Informatics
  • Electrical engineering and mechatronics
  • Electronics and telecommunication
  • Social and cultural sciences
  • Economy
  • Population studies
  • Politics
  • Regional resources
  • Calibration, Instrumentation and Metrology
  • Quality control and testing

Public services[edit]

LIPI was responsible for several public services related to science, technology and research activities across Indonesia.


LIPI directly or indirectly authorized several scientific organizations in Indonesian, as:

Botanical Gardens[edit]

LIPI managed four botanical gardens in Indonesia, which were all developed during the Dutch colonial period:[9]

Electric car[edit]

LIPI made an electric car named Marlik (abbreviation of Marmut listrik, "electrical marmot") with the specifications: 40 km/h plain, 20 km/h steep, 300 kilometers run or 8 hours active with price Rp.40 million ($4,444)/unit for city car and smart car.[10]

English economic journal[edit]

June 2011: To increase LIPI's reputation around the world, and give Indonesian researchers more international credibility from currently ranked about 220th in the world, LIPI launched a biannual English-language journal, Review of Indonesian Economic and Business Studies (RIEBS).[11]

Joint projects[edit]

Together with Japan's National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, LIPI significantly increased Indonesia's microbial collection record from 200 to 6,500 between 2003 and 2009 and more than 1,800 microbes are believed to be new discoveries.[12]

The Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies has an office ("KITLV-Jakarta", set up in 1969) in Jakarta that collaborates with LIPI.

End of LIPI[edit]

On 1 September 2021, LIPI finally dissolved and transformed into 4 Technical Implementation Organizations of BRIN, indicating the beginning of the institutional integration of the former LIPI to BRIN.[13]


  1. ^ Chairman Of LIPI
  2. ^ "About LIPI". Indonesian Institute of Science. Archived from the original on 2013-05-27.
  3. ^ Teresia, Ananda; Saleh, Fahrian (2021-05-05). "Jokowi Teken Perpres 33/2021, Ini Tugas dan Fungsi BRIN". kumparan (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-05-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ CNNIndonesia (2021-05-05). "Jokowi Teken Perpres BRIN, LIPI BPPT Batan Lapan Dilebur". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-05-06. {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ BRIN (2021-05-05). "Kepala BRIN Sampaikan Tiga Arah dan Tujuh Target Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional". BRIN (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-06-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Arlinta, Deonisia; Ramadhan, Aditya; Rachmawati, Evy (2021-05-12). "Fungsi BRIN Mulai Berjalan Optimal Januari 2022". Retrieved 2021-06-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ Jemadu, Liberty (2021-09-02). "Lapan, Batan, LIPI, dan BPPT Diintegrasikan ke BRIN, Sejumlah Pejabat Dirombak". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-09-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "Selamat Ulang Tahun, LIPI!". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  9. ^ Ni Komang Erviani (2011). "Bedugul Botanical Garden braces for school holidays". The Jakarta Post.
  10. ^ Ismoko Widjaya; Sandy Adam Mahaputra (August 1, 2011). "Mobil Indonesia: Tawon, Marmut, dan Komodo" (in Indonesian). VIVAnews.
  11. ^ "LIPI launches English economic journal". The Jakarta Post. June 18, 2011.
  12. ^ Galat Subroto (June 16, 2011). "LIPI reports osteoporosis breakthroughs". The Jakarta Post.
  13. ^ Jemadu, Liberty (2021-09-02). "Lapan, Batan, LIPI, dan BPPT Diintegrasikan ke BRIN, Sejumlah Pejabat Dirombak". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-09-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]