Swimming at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke
|Women's 200 metre breaststroke
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
|Venue||Olympiapark Schwimmstadion Berlin|
|Date||8 August (heats)
9 August (semifinals)
11 August (final)
|Competitors||23 from 12 nations|
|Swimming at the
1936 Summer Olympics
The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1936 Summer Olympics, took place on August 8–11, at the Olympiapark Schwimmstadion Berlin. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the fourth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 23 competitors from 12 nations participated in the event. The world record holder at the time, Japanese Hideko Maehata, won the event four years after losing the gold medal to Australian Clare Dennis by one tenth of a second. Fourteen-year-old German silver medalist Martha Genenger broke the Olympic record in her heat on August 8, but Maebata broke it again in the next heat with a time of 3:01.9 seconds. Danish Inge Sørensen won the bronze medal, becoming the youngest ever female Olympic medalist (12 years, 24 days). Sørensen's compatriot Valborg Christensen was favoured to win a medal in this event, but she was eliminated after finishing fifth in her semifinal.
Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were:
|World record||Hideko Maehata (JPN)||3:00.4 s||Tokyo, Japan||30 September 1933|
|Olympic record||Clare Dennis (AUS)||3:06.3 s||Los Angeles, United States||9 August 1932|
The following records were established during the competition:
|August 8||Heat 2||Martha Genenger||Germany||3:02.9||OR|
|August 8||Heat 3||Hideko Maehata||Japan||3:01.9||OR|
|1||Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen||Denmark||3:06.7||Q|
|2||Isberg, KerstinKerstin Isberg||Sweden||3:08.7||Q|
|3||Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg||Netherlands||3:10.4||Q|
|4||Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner||Germany||3:11.0||q|
|5||Schiller, DorothyDorothy Schiller||United States||3:17.4||q|
|6||Kingston, VeraVera Kingston||Great Britain||3:21.7|
|7||Langdon, JoanJoan Langdon||Canada||3:24.3|
|1||Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger||Germany||3:02.9||Q, OR|
|2||Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein||Netherlands||3:07.8||Q|
|3||Tsuboi, UnokoUnoko Tsuboi||Japan||3:15.0||Q|
|4||Lappalainen, AnjaAnja Lappalainen||Finland||3:19.1|
|5||Govednik, AnnAnn Govednik||United States||3:25.3|
|1||Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata||Japan||3:01.9||Q, OR|
|2||Christensen, ValborgValborg Christensen||Denmark||3:07.8||Q|
|3||Gomm, MargaretMargaret Gomm||Great Britain||3:15.7||Q|
|4||Cummings, IrisIris Cummings||United States||3:21.9|
|5||Boubelová, EliškaEliška Boubelová||Czechoslovakia||3:25.8|
|6||Wyss, TennyTenny Wyss||Switzerland||3:31.3|
|1||Wollschläger, TrudeTrude Wollschläger||Germany||3:08.5||Q|
|2||Storey, DorisDoris Storey||Great Britain||3:10.8||Q|
|3||Lenk, MariaMaria Lenk||Brazil||3:17.2||Q|
|4||Nielsen, EdelEdel Nielsen||Denmark||3:21.3|
|5||Stroomberg, JoJo Stroomberg||Netherlands||3:22.5|
The three fastest swimmers of both semifinals and the best fourth-place finisher advanced to the final on 11 August.
|1||Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata||Japan||3:03.1||Q|
|2||Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen||Denmark||3:06.0||Q|
|3||Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner||Germany||3:08.8||Q|
|4||Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg||Netherlands||3:09.7||Q|
|5||Wollschläger, TrudeTrude Wollschläger||Germany||3:10.3|
|6||Lenk, MariaMaria Lenk||Brazil||3:17.7|
|1||Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger||Germany||3:02.8||Q|
|2||Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein||Netherlands||3:09.2||Q|
|3||Storey, DorisDoris Storey||Great Britain||3:09.8||Q|
|4||Isberg, KerstinKerstin Isberg||Sweden||3:11.4|
|5||Christensen, ValborgValborg Christensen||Denmark||3:14.1|
|6||Tsuboi, UnokoUnoko Tsuboi||Japan||3:18.4|
|7||Schiller, DorothyDorothy Schiller||United States||3:18.5|
|Maehata, HidekoHideko Maehata||Japan||3:03.6|
|Genenger, MarthaMartha Genenger||Germany||3:04.2|
|Sørensen, IngeInge Sørensen||Denmark||3:07.8|
|4||Hölzner, HanniHanni Hölzner||Germany||3:09.5|
|4||Waalberg, JopieJopie Waalberg||Netherlands||3:09.5|
|6||Storey, DorisDoris Storey||Great Britain||3:09.7|
|7||Kastein, JennyJenny Kastein||Netherlands||3:12.8|
- "Official Report of the Organising Committee of the Games of the XI Olympiad Berlin" (PDF). The Official Report: Volume 2. Wilhelm Limpert. 1937. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 July 2007. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Swimming at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games: Women's 200 metres Breaststroke". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- Sherwani, Sabey (August 24, 2008). "Who is the youngest Olympic gold medallist?". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- Vinson, Maribel Y. (July 19, 1936). "Women in Sports". The New York Times. Arthur Hays Sulzberger. p. S2.
- "Japanese Natators Broke 11 Records". The Washington Post. Eugene Meyer. December 24, 1936. p. 16.
- Limpert 1937, p. 971.
- "Olympic Records Yesterday; Swimming". The New York Times. Arthur Hays Sulzberger. August 9, 1936. p. S1.
- Limpert 1937, p. 972.