|Occupation||Film director, Screen writer, Film producer, Architect|
Tahmineh Milāni (Persian: تهمینه میلانی) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, and producer. Milani was born 1960 in Tabriz, Iran. She is the wife of the Iranian actor and producer Mohammad Nikbin.
After graduating in architecture from the University of Science and Technology in Tehran Iran in 1986, she apprenticed as a script girl and an assistant director following a screen workshop in 1979.
Milani started her career as a movie director with Children of Divorce in 1989.
Career as a director
The majority of Milani's films involve brave women who suffer under oppressive regimes. Her early films resembled fables, such as her 1990 offering Efsanye-e Ah (The Legend of a Sigh) which featured a character who, after failing as an author, befriends her sigh of despair. The sigh goes on to teach her of women with much larger problems in the world, yet still remain happy. Two years later, in Dige Che Khabar (What Did You Do Again?), Milani told the story of a young girl with the power to change her family simply by talking to herself. Iranian censors fought against the film, instructing her to replace the female lead with a young boy instead. Hard-line conservatives accused Milani of encouraging women to revolt against the current system. She deflected the criticisms, insisting that the men were merely scared of seeing their own wives riot because of her films.
Milani has received admirations and prizes for her movies especially for Two Women and "The 5th Reaction".
The government charged Milani as an anti-revolutionary due to the storyline of her 2001 anti-revolutionary film Nimeh-e Pinhan (The Hidden Half), which revolved around a leftist university student against the regime of Shah Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi. The film's primary love story also drew criticism, for its depiction of the main character's relationship with an elderly man. Despite receiving permission to produce the film from the reformist Khatami government, she was imprisoned in 2001. A backlash from many world-famous directors including Francis Ford Coppola and Martin Scorsese caused the government to release her after two weeks, but official charges were never dropped.
Milani's 2005 film Unwanted Woman tells the story of a woman forced to cover up a journey with her friend because of a law that bans travel for unmarried couples. Vakonesh Panjom (The Fifth Reaction) is the story of a woman who leaves her wealth, home, and children after the death of her husband. The Fifth Reaction, released in 2003, is Tahmineh Milani’s seventh movie regarding women’s social position and rights in a patriarchal society. For example, in Vakonesh Panjom (The Fifth Reaction), Milani addresses the problems of sexism, social inequality and injustice, and mainly law’s ignoring women’s rights in child custody case, to awaken women and to inspire them to fight for their rights. While often exaggerated for cinema-goers, the films' topics draw clear parallels to life in a theocratic Iran.
Milani believes that Iran's most-pressing problem is an identity crisis, claiming that Iranian men and women lead double lives. Faced with public extremism, each is forced to adopt separate lifestyles for the home and the public eye.
Her last film Yeki Az Mā Do Nafar (One of Our Two) screened in Iranian halls in 2011.
Filmography (as a director)
- Bach'che'hā-ye Talāgh (Children of Divorce), 1989
- Afsāneh-ye Āh (The Legend of Sigh), 1991
- Digeh che khabar? (What Else Is New?), 1992
- Kakadu, 1996
- Do Zan (Two Women), 1999
- Nimeh-ye Penhān (The Hidden Half), 2001
- Vakonesh Panjom (The Fifth Reaction), 2003
- The Unwanted Woman (Zan-e Ziadi), 2005
- Cease Fire (Atash Bas), 2006
- Tasvie Hesab (Settling Scores), 2007
- Superstar, 2008
- Yeki Az Ma Do Nafar (One of Our Two), 2011
- Intellectual movements in Iran
- Iranian women's movement
- Iranian women
- Iranian cinema
- List of famous Persian women
Awards and honors
- 2006 - Best director, Best film and Best screenplay at the 51st Asia Pacific Film Festival for The Unwanted Woman
- 2005 - Best film Los Angeles Film Festival for The Unwanted Woman
- 2003 - Grand Prix 'Cinéma Tout Ecran', Geneva Cinéma Tout Ecran for The Fifth Reaction
- 2003 - Best Screenplay at the 27th Cairo International Film Festival for The Fifth Reaction
- 2001 - Best Artistic Contribution at the 25th Cairo International Film Festival for the The Hidden Half
- 1999 - Award for best screenplay at Iran's Fajr International Film Festival for Two Women
- "Tahmineh Milani - A renowned feminist filmmaker". Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- Phillips, Richard (29 September 2006). "Iranian director Tahmineh Milani speaks with WSWS". World Socialist Web Site. International Committee of the Fourth International. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- "Tahmineh Milani to try her hand at TV". Payvand's Iran News. 25 October 2007. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- "Unwanted Woman". Tahmineh Milāni official website. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "The Fifth Reaction". Tahmineh Milāni official website. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "The Hidden Half". Tahmineh Milāni official website. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- "Two Women". Tahmineh Milāni official website. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- Tahmineh Milani at the Internet Movie Database
- Tahmineh Milāni official website (Persian & English)
- Interview with Tahmineh Milani, August 6, 2007 on bebin.tv (Persian)
- Interview on IRIB, uploaded 20 June 2008 on Revver (Persian)