Talk:Clemens August of Bavaria
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|This article contains a translation of Clemens August von Bayern from de.wikipedia.|
Removed text to here. HJ -- translations from copyrighted websites in German are still protected by copyright law.
He was Holy Roman Empire elector and archbishop of Cologne from 1723-1761, prince-bishop of Münster, Hildesheim and Osnabrueck. From 1732 until his death in 1761 he was also the grand (Hoch u.Deutsch) master of the Teutonic Knights.
He was the son of the elector of Bavaria Max Emanuel and his second wife Therese Kunigunde, princess of Poland. Her father John III of Poland and her brother James Sobieski had both distinguished themself during the empire's battles against the Turks and helped save the capital at that time, Vienna, from Turkish take-over. Klemens August died at Breitenstein and is interred in the Dome of Cologne.
During the wars of the Habsburg Spanish Successions the family of his father Max Emanuel of Bavaria became separated and the sons were held under house arrest for several years in Austria, where Klemens August was raised by Jesuits. Only in 1715 was the family reunited. Now the uncle Joseph Klemens,elector and archbishop of Cologne saw to it that Klemens August received several Bavarian appointments in Altoetting, diocese Regensburg and prince-bishopric Berchtesgaden. Soon followed papal confirmation of him as bishop of Regensburg. After education at Rome Klemens August became co-adjutant in Cologne and after his uncle's death he took over the Cologne archbishopric and imperial elector seat. He received numerous other appointments and in 1732 became grand master of the Teutonic Knights as well.
His long reign and his primary interest in ecclesiastic matters had him delegate his duties of secular government to ministers. Plettenberg intensified the policies of close alliance to the grand power Habsburgs. After Plettenberg's departure Klemens August zickzacked on his course and was lead by strong emotions. He had a wavering relation to his brother, then elector Kurfuerst of Bavaria and only nominally supported his dynastic claim to the emperorship. He did cast his vote for his brother and in 1742 at Frankfurt personally crowned him emperor Charles VII Albert with all ceremonial pomp. Three years later the emperor died in Munich and the archbishop again leaned toward Austria. During the Seven Years' War he took a strong position for the allied France/Habsburg-Lorraine empire against Prussia.
Under his rule the institutions of the church remained as before and he actively supported the spread of the religion to the inhabitants. Osnabrueck for example followed a policy of alternating Catholic and Protestant bishops. He personally went on several pilgrimages with his Catholic flock and he re-opened the priest seminar in Cologne. He was very interested in and supported the arts, was an avid art collector, held many pompous festivals and built splendic buildings including the castle at Bonn.
Translation by H.Jonat based on Kirchenlexikon bautz.
HJ either doesn't understand that she can't keep posting translated copyright material, or else she just doesn't care. We have this discussion over and over again, and she chooses to ignore it. -- Zoe
- Welcome to the last year of my life! Thanks for putting in the verbs -- I just didn't feel like dealing at that moment! JHK
His name is Clemens not Klemens. In every street,palace or whatever honouring him in germany (namely in bonn, brühl and cologne) his name is written clemens. so is it in the german wikipedia page! the spelling changes in the german language do not apply, obviously to proper names of personalities deceased. 22.214.171.124 15:30, 5 June 2006 (UTC)