Tamarix gallica, the French tamarisk, is a deciduous, herbaceous, twiggy shrub or small tree reaching up to about 5 meters high.
It is indigenous to Saudi Arabia and the Sinai Peninsula, and very common around the Mediterranean region. It is present in many other areas as an invasive introduced species, often becoming a noxious weed. It was first described for botanical classification by the taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, but had already been in cultivation since 1596.
In its native range the plant grows in moist areas such as riverbanks, especially in saline soils. It has been grown as an ornamental plant for its profuse production of showy pink flower spikes. In Algeria and surrounding areas it has been used medicinally for rheumatism, diarrhea, and other maladies.
- "Tamarix gallica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- Eleanor Lawrence, Ed. (1985). The Illustrated Book of Trees & Shrubs. New York, NY: Gallery Books, an imprint of W.H.Smith Publishers Inc. p. 150. ISBN 0-8317-8820-8.
- A Guide to Medicinal Plants in North Africa
- Calflora Database: Tamarix gallica (French tamarisk) — introduced species in California.
- USDA Plants Profile for Tamarix gallica (French tamarisk) — introduced species in U.S.
- Jepson Manual Treatment of Tamarix gallica — introduced species.
- UC CalPhotos gallery — introduced species.