Islamic City Council of Tehran

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Tehran Islamic City Council
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Mehdi Chamran
Since September 3, 2014
Deputy Chairman
Morteza Talaie
Since September 3, 2013
Structure
Seats 31
City Council of Tehran members.svg
Political groups
Majority (16)
Minority (15)
Elections
Last election
May 19, 2017
Meeting place
City Council of Tehran, 17 September 2015.jpg
City Council Building
Behesht Street
Tehran
Website
Tehran City Council Website

The Islamic City Council of Tehran (Persian: شورای اسلامی شهر تهران‎‎) is the elected council that presides over the city of Tehran, elects the Mayor of Tehran, and budgets of the Municipality of Tehran.

The council is composed of Thirty one members elected on a Plurality-at-large voting basis for four-year terms. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Council are chosen by the council at the first regular meeting in odd-numbered years.

It holds regular meetings on Sunday, Tuesday and Wednesday at 10 am (except on holidays or if decided by special resolution not to meet). The number of members was increased to the 31 in the 2013 local elections.

History[edit]

Persian Constitutional Revolution passed a law on local governance known as “Ghanoon-e Baladieh”. The second and third articles of the law, on “anjoman-e baladieh”, or the city council, provide a detailed outline on issues such as the role of the councils in the city, the members’ qualifications, the election process, and the requirements to be entitled to vote. Baladieh, or the modern municipality in Iran was established in 1910, to cope with the growing need for the transformation of Tehran’s city structures. [1]

After the First World War, Reza Shah, the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, immediately suspended the “Ghanoon-e Baladieh” of 1907 and the decentralized and autonomous city councils were replaced by centralist/sectoralist approaches of governance and planning. [2]

Composition[edit]

  Independent
Years Seats Composition Ref
1999–2003
15
[3]
2003–2007
[3]
2007–2013
[4]
2013–2017
31
[5]
2017–
21
[6]

Past Members[edit]

Current members[edit]

Name Affiliation Notes
Mehdi Chamran Principlist (ABII) Chairman
Morteza Talaie Principlist (PJPII) Deputy Chairman
Abolfazl Ghana'ati Principlist (SF) 1st Secretary
Mohsen Pirhadi Principlist (PJPII) 2nd Secretary
Reza Taghipour Principlist (SF) Spokesman
Alireza Dabir Principlist (PJPII) Head of Planning–Budget Commission
Rahmatollah Hafezi Principlist (SF) Head of Health–Urban Services Commission
Ahmad Donyamali Reformists Head of Transportation–Civil Commission
Abdolmoghim Nasehi Principlist (CCA) Head of Social–Cultural Commission
Parviz Sorouri Principlist (SPIR) Head of Supervision–Legal Commission
Mohammad Salari Reformists (IISP) Head of Urban Planning–Architecture Commission
Deputy Chairman of Reformists Fraction
Abbas Jadidi Independent Supervision Deputy of Council
Elaheh Rastgou Reformists[a] (ex-ILP) Executive–Bureaucratic Deputy of Council
Ahmad Hakimipour Reformists (WINP) Chairman of Reformists Fraction
Mohammad Mehdi Tondgouyan Reformists Spokesman of Reformists Fraction
Ahmad Masjed-Jamei Reformists
Hossein Rezazadeh Principlist (SF)
Habib Kashani Principlist (ABII)
Hadi Saei Independent
Fatemeh Daneshvar Reformists
Abbas Sheibani Principlist (FFLIL)
Esmaeil Dousti Reformists (NTP)
Mohammad Haghani Reformists
Mojtaba Shakeri Principlist (SDIR)
Abdolhossein Mokhtabad Reformists
Eghbal Shakeri Principlist (SF)
Gholamreza Ansari Reformists (IISP/UIIPP)
Masoumeh Abad Principlist (SDIR)
Mohsen Sorkhou Reformists (ILP/WH)
Valiollah Shojapourian Reformists (UIIPP)
Ali Saberi Reformists

Members-elect[edit]

# Member Bloc Party
1 Mohsen Hashemi Rafsanjani Reformist ECP
2 Morteza Alviri Reformist ECP
3 Ahmad Masjed-Jamei Reformist N/A
4 Shahrbanoo Amani Reformist ECP/IISP
5 Mohammad-Javad Haghshenas Reformist NTP
6 Bahareh Arvin Reformist ex-IIPF
7 Seyyed Ebrahim Amini Reformist NTP
8 Afshin Habibzadeh Reformist ILP/WH
9 Arash Hosseini Milani Reformist UIIPP
10 Hassan Khalilabadi Reformist IATI
11 Ali E'ta Reformist UIIPP
12 Zahra Sadr-Azam Nouri Reformist UIIPP
13 Mohammad Salari Reformist IISP
14 Seyyed Hassan Rasouli Reformist OIF
15 Nahid Khodakarami Reformist N/A
16 Majid Farahani Reformist NEDA
17 Zahra Nejadbahram Reformist WJA
18 Seyyed Mahmoud Mirlohi Reformist UIIPP/IISP
19 Elham Fakhari Reformist IIFJO/UIIPP
20 Mohammad Alikhani Reformist IIYP
21 Bashir Nazari Reformist NTP

Previous members[edit]

Chairpersons[edit]

Term Chairman Affiliation Term of office Vice Chairman Affiliation Term of office
1 1st Abdullah Nouri.jpg Abdollah Noori Combatant Clerics April 1999 — September 1999 Saeed Hajjarian 1394.jpg Saeed Hajjarian Participation Front April 1999 — February 2002
2 Abbas Duzduzani.jpg Abbas Douzdouzani Participation Front September 1999 — December 1999
3 No image.svg Rahmatollah Khosravi Forces of Imam's Line December 1999 — May 2001
4 Mohammad Atrianfar.jpg Mohammad Atrianfar Executives of Construction May 2001 — January 2003
Ebrahim Asgharzadeh Ebrahim Asgharzadeh Solidarity Party February 2002 — January 2003
5 2nd Mehdi Chamran Mehdi Chamran Alliance of Builders April 2003 — September 2013 Hassan Bayadi.jpg Hassan Bayadi Alliance of Builders April 2003 — September 2013
3rd
6 4th Ahmad Masjed-Jamei Ahmad Masjed-Jamei Independent Reformist September 2013 — September 2014 Morteza Talaie Morteza Talaie Progress and Justice Population September 2013 — Incumbent
(5) Mehdi Chamran Mehdi Chamran Alliance of Builders September 2014 — Incumbent

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Elaheh Rastgou entered the council with Reformist support but caucuses with the Principlists.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vahid Vahdat Zad (2011). "Spatial Discrimination in Tehran’s Modern Urban Planning 1906-1979". Journal of Planning History vol. 12 no. 1 49-62. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  2. ^ Vahid Vahdat Zad (2011). "Spatial Discrimination in Tehran’s Modern Urban Planning 1906-1979". Journal of Planning History vol. 12 no. 1 49-62. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  3. ^ a b "Iran election 'an alarm bell'". BBC. 3 March 2003. Retrieved 1 April 2017. Reformists took all 15 council seats in 1999. Conservatives have now taken 14. 
  4. ^ Raz Zimmt (22 December 2006). "Election Results for the Assembly of Experts and Local Councils: Preliminary Appraisal". ACIS Iran Pulse. Retrieved 1 April 2017. The results in Tehran give the list of Qalibaf's followers ("Usulgarayan") eight of the 15 seats, the reformists' four and Ahmadinejad's followers two. Another seat went to an independent candidate, close to Qalibaf. 
  5. ^ Ali M. Pedram (20 June 2013). "Reformists return to power in Iran’s local elections". Asharq Al Awsat. Retrieved 1 April 2017. Thirty-one council seats were up for grabs in Tehran, with 13 going to reformists. Although conservatives won 18 seats in the capital in total... Although the composition of Tehran’s new city council appears to give conservatives a majority with 18 seats, four of these were won by previously apolitical celebrity athletes, who observers speculate may be open to changing their affiliation in the future. 
  6. ^ "Pro-Rohani Reformists Sweep Tehran Council Elections". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 21 May 2017. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 

External links[edit]