Thawan Thamrongnawasawat

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Thawan Thamrongnawasawat
ถวัลย์ ธำรงนาวาสวัสดิ์
Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi.jpg
Prime Minister of Thailand
In office
23 August 1946 – 8 November 1947
MonarchBhumibol Adulyadej
Preceded byPridi Banomyong
Succeeded byKhuang Aphaiwong
Minister of Justice
In office
11 June 1946 – 23 August 1946
Prime MinisterPridi Banomyong
himself
Preceded byLuang Chamnarnnitikaset
Succeeded bySeni Pramoj
Minister of Interior
In office
February 1935 – December 1938
Prime MinisterPhraya Phahonphonphayuhasena
Preceded byPridi Banomyong
Succeeded byPlaek Phibunsongkhram
Personal details
Born(1901-11-21)21 November 1901
Ayutthaya, Ayutthaya, Siam
Died3 December 1988(1988-12-03) (aged 87)
Bangkok, Thailand
NationalityThai
Political partyKhana Ratsadon
Other political
affiliations
Free Thai Movement
Constitutional Front
Spouse(s)
  • Chalaem Tharisawat
  • Rabiap Thamrongnawasawat
  • Banchong Thamrongnawasawat
Signature
Military service
AllegianceThailand
Branch/serviceRoyal Thai Navy
Royal Thai Armed Forces
RankRTA OF-7 (Major General).svg Major General
RTN OF-7 (Rear Admiral).svg Rear Admiral[1]
RTAF OF-5 (Group Captain).svg Group Captain[2]

Thawan Thamrongnawasawat (also spelt Thawal Thamrongnavaswadhi or Thawal Thamrongnavasawat; Thai: ถวัลย์ ธำรงนาวาสวัสดิ์, IPA: [tʰà.wǎn tʰam.roŋ.naː.waː.sà.wàt]; Chinese: 郑连淡; pinyin: Zhèng Liándàn[3][4]), born Thawan Tharisawat (Thai: ถวัลย์ ธารีสวัสดิ์, IPA: [tʰà.wǎn tʰaː.riː.sà.wàt]; 21 November 1901 – 3 December 1988), was the eighth Prime Minister of Thailand from 1946–1947. Before becoming a politician, he was a naval officer, holding the rank of rear admiral.

Education[edit]

Careers[edit]

Thawan Thamrongnavasawat on parliamentary speech

A career naval officer of Chinese ancestry, Thamrong was a leading member of the anti-Japanese Free Thai Movement resistance movement during World War II. He became Thailand's elected prime minister on 23 August 1946, replacing Pridi Banomyong. However, he was removed from office by a military coup orchestrated by Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram on 8 November 1947. Khuang Aphaiwong then assumed the post of prime minister.[5]

After King Rama VII abdicate the throne he was appointed by the government to be the leader of the faculty traveled to invite Prince Ananda Mahidol which has live in Switzerland with his mother and two siblings to ascended the throne as King Rama VIII of the Chakri dynasty.

However, due to political fluctuations, The coup eventually occurred by a group of soldiers led by Phin Choonhavan on November 8, 1947, resulting in him having to leave the country to stay in Hong Kong for a period and then returned to Thailand and was appointed a member of the Constitution Drafting Assembly. After that, living quietly afterward.

Death[edit]

Thawan Thamrongnawasawat died on December 3, 1988 at Phramongkutklao Hospital, aged 87 years, being the first and only naval officer to date who has served as prime minister.

Academic rank[edit]

Royal decorations[edit]

Thawan has received the following royal decorations in the Honours System of Thailand:

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2486/D/048/2918_1.PDF
  2. ^ http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2486/D/004/282.PDF
  3. ^ [泰国] 洪林, 黎道纲主编 (April 2006). 泰国华侨华人研究. 香港社会科学出版社有限公司. pp. 17, 185. ISBN 962-620-127-4.
  4. ^ (in Chinese) 臺北科技大學紅樓資訊站 Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ https://www.komchadluek.net/news/today-in-history/402286
  6. ^ http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2482/D/809.PDF
Political offices
Preceded by
Pridi Phanomyong
Prime Minister of Thailand
1946–1947
Succeeded by
Khuang Abhaiwongse