The Blossoms

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The Blossoms
The Blossoms in 1966 (clockwise from top: Fanita James, Jean King, and Darlene Love)
The Blossoms in 1966 (clockwise from top: Fanita James, Jean King, and Darlene Love)
Background information
Also known asThe Dreamers
The Playgirls
The Rollettes
The Rebelettes
OriginLos Angeles, California, United States
GenresR&B, pop, rock and roll, soul
Years active1954–1990; 2000–present
LabelsCapitol, Philles, Challenge, Bell, RCA, Reprise, Ode, MGM, Lion
MembersFanita James
Gloria Jones
Past membersDarlene Love
Jean King
Gracia Nitzsche
Nanette Williams
Annette Williams
Jewel Cobbs
Pat Howard
Edna Wright
Carolyn Willis

The Blossoms are an American girl group that originated from California. During their height of success in the 1960s, the group's lineup most famously consisted of Darlene Love, Fanita James, and Jean King.

Although the group had a recording career in their own right, they were most famous for being the group to actually record the No. 1 hit "He's a Rebel" (which producer Phil Spector credited to The Crystals), and for providing backing vocals for many of the biggest hits of the 1960s.


Early years[edit]

Their career began in Los Angeles, California, United States, while still in high school in 1954.[1] Originally the group was a sextet of young girls singing for fun. Calling themselves The Dreamers,[1] the group originally sang spirituals, since two of the members had parents who were against their daughters singing secular rhythm and blues music, which was popular on the radio during the early 1950s.

Fanita Barrett (later known as Fanita James), Gloria A. Jones (not to be confused with Gloria R. Jones of "Tainted Love" fame), Jewel Cobbs, Pat Howard and twin sisters Annette and Nanette Williams all came from musical backgrounds.[1] The twins had taken vocal and dancing lessons as youngsters. Fanita's brother Ronald was already a success with his vocal group, The Meadowlarks. The Dreamers were introduced to local musicians through Dexter Tisby, then successful with his own group The Penguins who had a hit with "Earth Angel".

The Dreamers joined Richard Berry in the studio[1] and, during 1955 and 1956, made several recordings for Flair and RPM Records. Among them was a version of Harry Warren and Mack Gordon's "At Last" and several of Richard Berry's compositions: "Together", "Wait For Me", and "Daddy, Daddy". The Dreamers gained attention as versatile singers and began to get studio work singing backup for other artists as well as recording a few singles of their own as the Dreamers.

The Dreamers signed with Capitol Records where one of the executives, noticing their different skin tones, said they looked like a bouquet; which is how they became the Blossoms. Even though signing to Capitol was considered a step up, the group's stay at Capitol was short – yielding only three singles – none of which made the charts. The Blossoms also underwent significant changes at this time. By 1958, Nanette Williams was married, pregnant, and planning a leave of absence from the group.

Darlene Wright (later known as Darlene Love) replaced Nanette and was selected to be the lead,[1] which the ensemble-based Blossoms had not previously had. The addition of Wright changed the style of the group but chart success was still elusive, despite Wright's unique presence as lead, on songs like "No Other Love" for Capitol in 1958, "Sugarbeat" for RCA (as the Playgirls) in 1960 and "Write Me A Letter" for Challenge in 1961.

The group provided back-up vocals to Sam Cooke's 1959 hit, "Everybody Loves to Cha Cha Cha".[2]

The 1960s[edit]

During the summer of 1962, the Blossoms were finally successful on the charts, although their biggest hit song, "He's a Rebel", was not credited to them.

Producer Phil Spector had learned that Vikki Carr was soon to record "He's a Rebel" for Liberty Records as her debut single, and decided he had to rush his own version to stores. Since the Crystals (his biggest girl group at the time) were touring on the east coast at the time, the Blossoms were instead brought in to record the track. However, when Spector released the record, the song was instead credited to the Crystals (much to the dismay of the actual Crystals). The Blossoms in turn received only a meager session fee (Darlene Love states they were paid "triple scale") and are not credited for contributing to the record. The song peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and firmly established Spector as a force in the music industry. Over the next three years, the Blossoms, with Wright as lead, would be the favored singers on all of Spector's sessions recorded in California.

Wright and Barrett sang with Bobby Sheen as Bob B. Soxx & the Blue Jeans.[1] This combo achieved hit singles for Spector, including a version of the Disney song "Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah."

Spector also used The Blossoms as the prime backing group for the Righteous Brothers' "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin', which was a No. 1 hit in 1964 in the U.S. and in the U.K.. Helping out too with the crescendo was Cher, who had previously sung for Spector on recordings by The Ronettes, including "Be My Baby", which also featured The Blossoms.

Although The Blossoms were attempting to establish themselves as primary artists, they still contributed backing vocals behind many of the biggest hits of the 1960s including "Monster Mash" by Bobby "Boris" Pickett[3] and Shelley Fabares' "Johnny Angel", and the Blossoms lead singer Wright's solo efforts (which included "He's Sure the Boy I Love", although again Spector credited the song to the Crystals).[4] Fabares has said that her strongest memory of that recording session was the "beautiful voices of the backup singers".[5]

In 1964, the group was reduced to a trio of Wright (now Love), Barrett (now James), and newcomer Jean King and were a featured part of a relatively successful weekly rock' n' roll television program called Shindig![1] The Blossoms used their vocal versatility to their advantage, singing in various styles behind a cross-section of artists, including Patty Duke, Shelley Fabares, Jackie Wilson, Aretha Franklin, and Marvin Gaye.

The Blossoms appeared in 1964's T.A.M.I. Show providing backup vocals and dancing for all of Marvin Gaye's songs; their name appeared in the opening credits, but they were not introduced. They are later seen at stage left encouraging an exhausted James Brown to take the stage one last time after his climactic performance of "Night Train" with his singing group, The Famous Flames. In 1966, they provided background vocals on Ike & Tina Turner's "River Deep – Mountain High".[6] In 1968, they appeared in Elvis Presley’s TV special, popularly known as "the ‘68 Comeback." The Blossoms also provided backing vocals for Doris Day's "Move Over, Darling" from the film of the same name. They resumed recording under their own name later in the 1960s for labels such as Reprise, Ode, and MGM.[1] While with Ode, they recorded a pop–gospel version of Laura Nyro's "Stoney End", which was first released in 1967 as the B-side to the "Wonderful" single, and then again in 1969 as an A-side single. They recorded their only album, Shockwave, in 1972 for Lion Records.


Love left the Blossoms in 1974 and King died of a heart attack in Las Vegas in 1983. James kept the Blossoms going with varying personnel, backing Tom Jones, and performing on the Las Vegas circuit until 1990, when she became a backing singer for Doris Kenner Jackson of the Shirelles. Love stayed out of the music business for about five years after a brief reunion with Phil Spector in late 1974. She made a comeback in 1981 and two years later was starring in Leader of the Pack, the Broadway musical based on the life of songwriter Ellie Greenwich. Love began a film acting career portraying Trish in the Lethal Weapon movie series. She also had her own one-woman show, Darlene Love: Portrait of a Woman, which was performed at The Bottom Line in New York City. Love is also remembered for her hit "Christmas (Baby Please Come Home)" from the 1963 album A Christmas Gift for You from Phil Spector.

Following Doris Kenner Jackson's death in 2000 from breast cancer, James revived the Blossoms with original member Gloria Jones and a new third member.

In 2013, the Blossoms (namely Love, James, Wright, and Jones) were highlighted in the Oscar-winning documentary 20 Feet From Stardom, in which it was revealed that they had also sung backing vocals for Bobby "Boris" Pickett's "Monster Mash", Frank Sinatra's version of "That's Life", and Betty Everett's "The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)".


  • Fanita James (1954–1990; 2000–present)
  • Gloria Jones (1954–1962; 2000–present)
  • Annette Williams (1954–1960)
  • Nanette Williams (1954–1958)
  • Jewel Cobbs (1954)
  • Pat Howard (1954)
  • Darlene Love (1958–1974)
  • Gracia Nitzsche (1962–1964)
  • Edna Wright (1962–1964)
  • Carolyn Willis (1962–1964)
  • Jean King (1964–1983)


Year Film Role
2013 20 Feet from Stardom Background singers


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. pp. 272/3. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
  2. ^ Guralnick, Peter (2005). Dream Boogie: The Triumph of Sam Cooke. New York: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 269–270.
  3. ^ "The Blossoms". Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  4. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1996). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits (6th ed.). New York: Watson-Guptill Publications. pp. 212. ISBN 0-8230-7632-6.
  5. ^ Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits: The Inside Story Behind Every Number One Single on Billboard's Hot 100 from 1955 to the Present (5 ed.). Billboard Books. p. 107. ISBN 0-8230-7677-6.
  6. ^ Love, Darlene (1998). My Name Is Love. William Morrow and Co. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-688-15657-2 – via Internet Archive.