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Description and symbolism
In many modern packs, the Hierophant is represented with his right hand raised in what is known esoterically as the blessing or benediction, with two fingers pointing skyward and two pointing down, thus forming a bridge between Heaven and Earth reminiscent of that formed by the body of The Hanged Man. The Hierophant is thus a true “pontiff”, in that he is the builder of the bridge between deity and humanity. In his left hand he held a triple cross. The Hierophant is typically male, even in decks that take a feminist view of the Tarot, such as the Motherpeace Tarot. The Hierophant was also known as "The Teacher of Wisdom."
In most iconographic depictions, the Hierophant is seen seated on a throne between two pillars symbolizing Law and Liberty or obedience and disobedience, according to different interpretations. He wears a triple crown, and the keys to Heaven are at his feet. Sometimes he is shown with worshippers, as his alternate title is the Pope or, sometimes, Jupiter. The card is also known as "The High Priest," as a counterpart to "The High Priestess" (which itself is also sometimes known as "The Papess," as counterpart to "The Pope").
The papacy was not just a religious force, but was a political and military force as well. When the tarot was invented, the Pope controlled a large portion of central Italy known as the Papal States. Renaissance culture did not question the abstract ideal of the Pope as God's human representative on Earth. In Tarot of Marseilles, he wears a red cape and a blue robe, in contrast to The Papess, who wears a blue cape and blue robe.
The more commonly encountered modern name "Hierophant" is due to Antoine Court de Gébelin. According to de Gebelin, "hierophant" was the title of the chief priest in the Eleusinian mysteries (an ancient Greek ritual).
In Swiss Troccas decks, he is depicted as Jupiter, the Roman King of the Gods.
In the "Flemish Deck" by Vandenborre (c.1750-1760), the High Priest is replaced with Bacus (Bacchus). It shows the God of Wine with his head and waist wreathed in grape leaves. He is seated astride a tapped cask of wine while he drinks from a wine bottle in his left hand.
In the X/1999 Tarot version made by CLAMP, The Hierophant is Aoki Seiichirou.
In the Tarot of the Saints, the Hierophant is St. Peter who is also considered the first pope.
In the Mythic Tarot deck, the Hierophant is depicted as Chiron, the learned centaur.
In popular culture
- In JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Noriaki Kakyoin's stand, Hierophant Green, is represented by this card.
- The Hierophant card, along with the other Tarot cards of the Major Arcana, appears in the 2011 video game, The Binding of Isaac, and its 2014 remake, The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth, where they act as consumable items with varying effects. The Hierophant creates healing items for the player.
- The Hierophant is one of the main villains in the Adventure Time miniseries, Stakes. He is depicted as an old school vampire who refuses to cease his traditional vampire ways, such as having to be invited into a house before entering.
- Along with other Major Arcana, the Hierophant is a playable character in Data East's puzzle video game series, Magical Drop.
- The Hierophant is the name of a boss in The House of the Dead 2 videogame by Sega. He is depicted as an anthropomorphic reptilian creature carrying a trident. All of the bosses in the House of the Dead series are named after the Major Arcana.
- Dummett, Michael and Ronald Decker. History of the Occult Tarot. Duckworth, 2002.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pope (Tarot).|
- The History of the Hierophant (Pope) Card from The Hermitage.