The Piano Teacher (film)
|The Piano Teacher|
|Directed by||Michael Haneke|
|Produced by||Veit Heiduschka|
|Screenplay by||Michael Haneke|
|Based on||The Piano Teacher
by Elfriede Jelinek
|Music by||Martin Achenbach|
|Edited by||Monika Willi
|Box office||$4.1 million|
The Piano Teacher (French: La Pianiste, lit. 'The Pianist') is a 2001 French-language psychological thriller film, written and directed by Michael Haneke, that is based on the 1983 novel of the same name by Elfriede Jelinek. It tells the story of an unmarried piano teacher at a Vienna conservatory, living with her mother in a state of emotional and sexual disequilibrium, who is attracted to a pupil but in the end repels him by her need for humiliation and self-harm. A co-production of Austria and France, Haneke was given the opportunity to direct after previous attempts to adapt the novel by filmmakers Valie Export and Paulus Manker collapsed for financial reasons.
At the 2001 Cannes Film Festival it won the Grand Prix, with the two leads, Isabelle Huppert and Benoît Magimel, winning Best Actress and Best Actor. It went on to receive positive reviews and other awards and nominations.
Erika Kohut is a piano professor at a Vienna music conservatory. Although already in her forties, she still lives in an apartment with her domineering mother. Her father was a long-standing resident in a psychiatric asylum, before he died. Despite Erika's assured façade, she is a woman whose sexual repression is manifested in her paraphilia, including voyeurism, sadomasochistic fetishes and self-mutilation.
At a recital hosted by the Blonskij couple, Erika meets Walter Klemmer, a young man who also plays piano and expresses admiration to her skill in classical music. The two share an appreciation for composers Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert, and he attempts to apply to conservatory to be her pupil. The other professors see talent in him, with only Erika voting against him for his differing interpretations of Schubert's Andantino, and questions as to his motivations. Another pupil, Anna Schober, struggles with anxiety while pushed by her own ambitious mother. However, when Isabelle witnesses Anna and Walter socializing, Erika slips to an empty coat room and breaks glass, hiding the shards inside one of Anna's coat pockets. This injures her right hand, ruining her aspirations to play at the forthcoming jubilee concert.
Walter pursues Erika into a lavatory immediately after she secretly injured Anna. Walter passionately kisses Erika, and she responds by repeatedly hurting, humiliating and frustrating him. Later, Erika feigns sympathy to Anna's mother, with Erika saying only she can substitute for Anna in the upcoming school concert at such a late stage in planning.
Walter is increasingly insistent in his desire to start a sexual relationship with Erika, but Erika is only willing if he will satisfy her masochistic fantasies. She writes a letter indicating acts she will consent to, but the list repulses him. As he grows increasingly frustrated with her, including seeing her vomit during sex in a hockey arena, he visits her apartment at night. He attacks her in her apartment in the fashion she let him know she desired, beating and then raping her, outside her mother's bedroom door where the elderly woman is locked in and overhears the violence. He then leaves.
The next day, Erika takes a kitchen knife to the concert where she is scheduled to substitute for Anna. When Walter arrives, he enters cheerfully, laughing with his family. Moments before the concert is due to start, Erika stabs herself in the shoulder with the kitchen knife and exits the concert hall into the street.
The film is based on the 1983 novel The Piano Teacher by Elfriede Jelinek, who won the 2004 Nobel Prize in Literature. Director Michael Haneke read The Piano Teacher when it was published and aspired to adapt it to transition from making television films to cinema. However, Haneke learned Jelinek and Valie Export had already adapted a screenplay, a project aborted due to lack of investment. Jelinek later abandoned home for a film version before selling the rights to Paulus Manker, who asked Haneke to adapt the screenplay, though Haneke would not be the director. Manker did not secure a budget, so the producer asked Haneke to direct.
Haneke agreed to take over the directorial helm, though the screenplay had been written with Manker's direction in mind, only if Isabelle Huppert was the star. Haneke also reorganized the novel's story, and developed the character of Anna Schober and Mrs. Schober to mirror the Kohuts mother-daughter relationship at a past stage. In pre-production, Haneke followed Jelinek's choices in costumes, including pleated skirts and Burberry trench coats common in Vienna conservatories.
|Isabelle Huppert||...||Erika Kohut|
|Benoît Magimel||...||Walter Klemmer|
|Annie Girardot||...||The Mother|
|Susanne Lothar||...||Mrs. Schober|
|Udo Samel||...||Dr. Blonskij|
|Anna Sigalevitch||...||Anna Schober|
|Cornelia Köndgen||...||Mme Blonskij|
Haneke had previously reached out to Huppert to star in his films Funny Games (1997), which she passed on for another professional conflict. When Haneke told her he would not direct The Piano Teacher without her, Huppert skimmed the screenplay and realized its potential. She said she had studied piano as a child, quitting when she was 15, but began playing again for the film.
For the scene in which Erika cuts herself in the bathtub, tubes and a pump were used for the false blood, which the props artist had to conceal from the camera under Huppert. Huppert also wore a blood bag under her clothing for the self-stabbing scene, taken from the novel. Benoît Magimel studied piano during filming to convincingly simulate his playing scenes at the end of production, while the music is playback. Susanne Lothar performed in German, but her lines were dubbed over with French in co-production.
Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a 73% approval rating based on 82 reviews, with the site consensus being: "Though it makes for rather unpleasant viewing, The Piano Teacher is a riveting and powerful psychosexual drama." Roger Ebert awarded it three and a half stars, citing Huppert's confidence, writing on hints of revenge against The Mother character and defending the ending, saying "a film like this any conventional ending would be a cop-out". Peter Bradshaw credited Haneke for aptitude in creating "nerve-jangling disquiet" and Huppert for "the performance of her career". David Denby praised the film as "audaciously brilliant".
In 2017, The Los Angeles Times critic Justin Chang recalled The Piano Teacher as Huppert's best work in a Haneke film, and "a major achievement in a disturbingly minor key". Mick LaSalle credited Huppert for "a rich incarnation of a woman we might see on the street and never guess that she contains fires, earthquakes and infernos", comparing it to her in the 2016 film Elle.
The film won awards on the European circuit, most notably the Grand Prix at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival, with the two leads, Huppert and Magimel, winning Best Actress and Best Actor. The film was Austria's submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but it was not nominated.
|Award||Date of ceremony||Category||Recipient(s)||Result||Ref(s)|
|British Academy Film Awards||24 February 2002||Best Film Not in the English Language||Michael Haneke||Nominated|||
|Cannes Film Festival||14 – 25 May 2001||Grand Prix||Won|||
|Best Actress||Isabelle Huppert||Won|
|Best Actor||Benoît Magimel||Won|
|César Awards||2 March 2002||Best Actress||Isabelle Huppert||Nominated|||
|Best Supporting Actress||Annie Girardot||Won|||
|European Film Awards||1 December 2001||Best Film||Michael Haneke||Nominated|||
|Best Actress||Isabelle Huppert||Won|
|Independent Spirit Awards||22 March 2002||Best Foreign Film||Michael Haneke||Nominated|||
|Los Angeles Film Critics Association||15 December 2002||Best Actress||Isabelle Huppert||Runner-up|||
|National Society of Film Critics||4 January 2003||Best Actress||Runner-up|||
|San Francisco Film Critics Circle||17 December 2002||Best Actress||Won|||
- Isabelle Huppert on screen and stage
- Sadism and masochism in fiction
- List of submissions to the 74th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Austrian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
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