The Queen's Guards (film)

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The Queen's Guards
Queens Guards poster.jpg
theatrical poster
Directed byMichael Powell
Produced byMichael Powell
Written bySimon Harcourt-Smith
Roger Milner
StarringDaniel Massey
Raymond Massey
Robert Stephens
Jack Watson
Peter Myers
Music byBrian Easdale
CinematographyGerry Turpin
Edited byNoreen Ackland
Production
company
Distributed by20th Century Fox
Release date
17 October 1961 (UK)[1]
Running time
110 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish

The Queen's Guards is a 1961 military drama film directed by Michael Powell from a script by Simon Harcourt-Smith and Roger Milner. It stars Daniel Massey, Raymond Massey, Robert Stephens, and Ursula Jeans.

The Queen's Guards was made after Michael Powell had shot Peeping Tom but before it was released. When Peeping Tom was released there was such an outcry[2] that Powell never directed another feature film in Britain.

Powell later called the film "the most inept piece of filmmaking that I have ever produced or directed. I didn't write the story (weak) or the screenplay (abysmal)but I take all the flak."[3]

Plot[edit]

The film tells the story of John Fellowes (Daniel Massey), an officer in the Grenadier Guards as he prepares for the Trooping the Colour ceremony on 11 June 1960. John is the son of retired guardsman Capt. Fellowes (Raymond Massey) and Mrs. Fellowes (Ursula Jeans). John's older brother was also a Guards officer, but he was killed in action and John feels he is being forced to follow in his brother's footsteps.

The film follows John through his training where he makes some mistakes in an exercise and is told that it was a mistake like that which got his brother and a lot of his men killed at an oasis.

But he makes friends with Henry Wynne-Walton (Robert Stephens) and Henry is invited home to meet Mr. and Mrs. Fellowes. Mr. Fellowes is quite fanatical about the Guards. The eldest son in the family has been a Guards officer for as long as anyone can remember, and they even live next door to the Guards barracks in London.

Capt. Fellowes is disabled, his legs don't work and he hauls himself around the house by hooking canes into loops on an overhead rail. This system was designed by the elder brother that John is always expected to live up to. His mother thinks that the elder brother is just "missing in action" and will return someday. The father knows he's really dead but never seems to give John a chance.

John is dating Ruth (Judith Stott), the daughter of George Dobbie (Ian Hunter), a haulage contractor. When John goes to see Mr. Dobbie he tells John that he was fighting in the desert and was let down by a platoon of Guards that were meant to hold a certain position – the platoon that was led by John's brother.

Months later John is in command of a unit of Guardsmen involved in a combat operation in an unnamed desert country. John leads an assault on a fortress held by some rebels. All the time he is haunted by thoughts about how his brother died, John manages to defend against a counter-attack until Henry arrives with his men in their armoured scout vehicles. The mission is a success. John has managed to do what his elder brother could not.

Back in London, all is in readiness for the Trooping the Colour ceremony. Mr. Dobbie overcomes his dislike of the Guards to accompany Ruth to the ceremony. Capt. Fellowes manages to haul himself upstairs to see the ceremony out of the window. John is given the honour of commanding the colour party.

Cast[edit]

Cast notes[edit]

  • Raymond Massey was the father of Daniel Massey and Anna Massey, who had one of the main roles in Powell's Peeping Tom.[4]
  • This was the only occasion Raymond and Daniel Massey appeared on film together.

Production[edit]

Powell says the film was based on the idea of a friend of his, Simon Harcourt-Smith, who was inspired watching the Household Cavalry outside Buckingham Palace. His basic idea was to encapsulate the story of a British military family with the ceremony of Trooping the Colour, where the climax would be the arrival of the Queen to take the salute. Powell was enthusiastic - "I'm a sucker for stories about the services," he said.[5]

He sold the story to 20th Century Fox and the Queen gave her permission to film the Trooping of the Colour. Roger Milner wrote a script. Powell liked Milner, but said he was "more a sketch artist than a full blown dramatist" and "our collaboration was uneasy."[6] He later said the film was "a broken backed feature when it should have been a family saga and an epic of military glory... We shouldn't have tried to compete with AEW Mason."[7]

Though released as "A CinemaScope Picture" with a CinemaScope credit at the beginning of the film, The Queen's Guards was filmed in Technirama.[8] 35mm Technirama release prints were compatible with CinemaScope release prints.

In March 1960 Powell and several crew members were invited by the War Office to accompany the Guards on a NATO exercise in Libya.[9]

Powell had worked with Raymond Massey several times before. It was Daniel Massey's film debut.[10]

The intention of this film appears to have been to promote the Guards regiment in some way. Powell was certainly given access to the Guards barracks and to their training areas on Salisbury Plain. He was given permission to include many sequences of real guardsmen at the Trooping of the Colour[11] But the production, especially the plot, is very scrappy with many details left unexplained.[12]

According to the second assistant director Michael Klaw the script was rewritten constantly during production. Klaw says although the action scenes were set in Kenya during the Mau Mau Uprising, even though the Guards never served in Kenya. Sequences set in Libya were meant to be shot on location but the studio cut the budget at the last minute and so they had to be filmed in England.[13]

Historical background[edit]

When on ceremonial duties outside Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and at Horse Guards Parade, the Regiments of Guards wear red dress uniforms and Bearskins (not Busbys). Originally the sovereign's own troops, and some of the oldest regiments in the British Army. They perform most of the ceremonial duties at state occasions, but they are not just "toy soldiers" intended only for public display. They are fighting regiments that also do ceremonial duties. One of the main aims of the film was to show this.

There are two mounted regiments of guards, the Life Guards and the Blues and Royals. There are five regiments of foot, the Grenadier Guards, the Coldstream Guards, the Scots, Welsh and Irish Guards. The mounted regiments can be differentiated by the colour of their uniforms (Life Guards – red, Blues & Royals – blue) and the regiments of foot by the arrangement of their buttons (and their cap badges and collar tabs if you get close enough). Grenadiers have evenly spaced buttons on the front of their tunics, Coldstream have buttons in pairs, Scots in threes, Irish in fours and Welsh in fives.

In their combat roles, the Guards are light armoured and reconnaissance troops. In A Bridge Too Far (1977), Michael Caine leads a squadron of Irish Guards to spearhead the ground-based push towards Arnhem.

The ceremony of "Trooping the Colour" dates back to the distant past. "The Colour" is the regimental flag with all their battle honours on it. So that they could properly recognise and thus know which side they were on and where they should rally, the Colour would be paraded (trooped) in front of the regiment in a special parade before a battle. This was then turned into a ceremony. Because of the importance attached to the Colour, it is considered a great honour to be the soldier actually carrying it (the ensign), one of the Colour party protecting it, or to be in charge of the Colour party.

Reception[edit]

The Queen's Guards almost entirely disappeared after its initial release. Contemporary reviews of it were not kind,[14] and it had only a short run in cinemas, and was shown on British television just once.[15][16]

Michael Powell said that 20th Century Fox "didn't like the film... they didn't understand it."[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contemporary Review - The Queen's Guards (1961)". Powell-pressburger.org. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. ^ "The Killer Reviews". Powell-pressburger.org. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  3. ^ Powell p 411
  4. ^ Raymond Massey on IMDb, Daniel Massey on IMDb, Anna Massey on IMDb
  5. ^ Powell p 407
  6. ^ Powell p 409
  7. ^ Powell. 412
  8. ^ Kinematrograph Weekly Thursday, 16 June 1960.
  9. ^ Powell p 408-4111
  10. ^ BY WAY OF REPORT: Zanuck Acquires a New Novel -- Other Items By A.H. WEILER. New York Times 25 Sep 1960: X9.
  11. ^ The colour trooped on the day shown (Saturday 11 June 1960) was that of the 3rd. Bn. Grenadier Guards
  12. ^ ""The Queen's Guards" review". Powell-pressburger.org. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Memories of a film-maker". Powell-pressburger.org. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Contemporary Review - The Queen's Guards (1961)". Powell-pressburger.org. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  15. ^ "The Queen's Guards - "Radio Times" film guide". Powell-pressburger.org. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  16. ^ The film was shown on television in the UK on the afternoon of Sunday, 28 July 1974. It hasn't been shown on TV since then.
  17. ^ Powell, Michael (22 December 2018). "Michael Powell: Interviews". Univ. Press of Mississippi. Retrieved 22 December 2018 – via Google Books.

Notes[edit]

  • Powell, Michael (1992). Million dollar movie. Random House.

External links[edit]