The Racer (Kings Island)
The Racer's first drop
|Park section||Coney Mall|
|Opening date||April 29, 1972|
|Type||Wood – Racing|
|Manufacturer||Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters|
|Designer||John C. Allen|
|Track layout||Out and back|
|Height||88 ft (26.8 m)||88 ft (26.8 m)|
|Drop||82.17 ft (25.0 m)||82.17 ft (25.0 m)|
|Length||3,415 ft (1,040.9 m)||3,415 ft (1,040.9 m)|
|Speed||53 mph (85.3 km/h)||53 mph (85.3 km/h)|
|Max vertical angle||45°||45°|
|Capacity||2640 riders per hour|
|Height restriction||48 in (122 cm)|
|Trains||4 trains with 5 cars. Riders are arranged 2 across in 3 rows for a total of 30 riders per train.|
Fast Lane available
|The Racer at RCDB
Pictures of The Racer at RCDB
The Racer is a racing roller coaster at Kings Island in Mason, Ohio. Designed by the legendary John C. Allen, The Racer is often recognized with being a vital part of the roller coaster renaissance of the 1970s, generally referred to as the industry's second golden age. It was featured at the grand opening of the amusement park in 1972 and inspired similar designs in other roller coasters around the world, such as Rebel Yell at Kings Dominion and Thunder Road at Carowinds. The Racer is also one of the few original Kings Island attractions still in operation today.
Following a very successful decade, the first major era of roller coasters in the United States would come to an end in the 1930s as the economy struggled during the Great Depression. Although new roller coasters were still being built, the demand wouldn't be the same for decades to come. By the 1960s, the industry was at an all-time low. Traditional amusement park rides, such as carousels, mill chutes, and even wooden roller coasters were losing popularity with newer generations. This led president of Philadelphia Toboggan Company and well-known coaster designer, John C. Allen, to decide in 1968 that it was time to retire. Allen was one of the last remaining designers with experience from the first golden age of roller coasters having studied under legendary designer Herbert Schmeck.
The Wachs' family owned and operated Cincinnati's Coney Island before selling to Taft Broadcasting in 1969, but they remained in control of park operations and made many decisions during the construction of Kings Island. Determined to recapture some of Coney Island's traditional themes at the new park, Gary Wachs and his father met Allen in 1970 at an IAAPA convention in Chicago. They convinced Allen to officially come out of retirement and design a roller coaster that would be as popular as Shooting Star at Coney Island, but also unique at the same time.
The Racer opened officially to the public at Kings Island's grand opening on May 27, 1972. It is located in Coney Mall, a section of the park originally known as Coney Island. The roller coaster appeared on national television in 1973, when it was featured in an episode of The Brady Bunch called The Cincinnati Kids. The ride ignited interest in roller coasters following decades of decline, and the attention it received eventually led to a revival of the industry around the world.
Both sides of the track raced forward until May 28, 1982, when the trains on the right track were reversed to ride backwards. The Racer became the first racing roller coaster in the world to do so. It is thought that this move was to accommodate guests who were frustrated over the frequent closure of The Bat, a recently added attraction. Though only intended for the remainder of the 1982 operating season, the change lasted twenty-six years due to its popularity. It wasn't until 2008 that Cedar Fair restored The Racer to its original form by changing the right track to ride forward again. In addition, each side was assigned a color—red and blue—with the red trains on the right and the blue trains on the left.
The Racer is an out and back roller coaster design featuring two identical tracks that run parallel to each other. The design allows for two trains to race in similar fashion from start to finish. A unique design element that wasn't prevalent in 1972 was the splitting apart of both tracks into separate, standalone structures that rejoin again near the end. Previously, racing roller coasters were typically designed with both tracks remaining side-by-side throughout the entire course of the ride.
- Futrell, Jim (July 2003). "Legends In The Industry John Allen: The Last of the Old-time Coaster Designers". IAAPA. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- Riding History To The Limits. CET. August 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2012.
- "Backward Racer Coaster to Run Forward This Summer". WLWT.com. April 3, 2008. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Coaster Landmark Award". aceonline.org. June 18, 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Knip's Eye View: Coaster fan races toward 1,000th Kings Island visit". Cincinnati Enquirer. May 22, 2003. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Kings Island opens April 20: As '08 season roll in, coaster veteran holds his dream job at theme park". Dayton Daily News. April 11, 2008. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- Rutherford, Scott (2000). The American Roller Coaster. WI: MBI. p. 109.
- Bennett, David (1998). Roller Coaster: Wooden and Steel Coasters, Twisters, and Corkscrews. London: Quintet Publishing Limited. p. 159. ISBN 0-7858-0885-X.
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