Twentieth Century Society
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The Twentieth Century Society (abbreviated as C20) is a British charity which campaigns for the preservation of architectural heritage from 1914 onwards. The society's interests embrace buildings and artefacts that characterise 20th-century Britain. It is formally recognised as one of the National Amenity Societies, and as such is a statutory consultee on alterations to listed buildings within its period of interest, and must be notified of any proposed work to a listed building which involves any element of demolition.
The society was formed as the Thirties Society in 1979, the year in which the prominent "Thirties – British art and design before the War" exhibition was shown at the Hayward Gallery. Its establishment was inspired by and loosely modelled on the Victorian Society, which aims to protect pre-1914 Victorian and Edwardian buildings. Though several modern movement buildings had been recommended for listing by Nikolaus Pevsner in 1970, it was felt by Marcus Binney, John Harris and Simon Jenkins that much more needed to be done. Bevis Hillier was the first president, and Clive Aslet the first honorary secretary. In 1992, the society changed its name to the Twentieth Century Society, as it was felt that "Thirties Society" failed to indicate its interest in the protection of buildings from other periods as well.
Notable cases and campaigns
- The catalyst for establishing the society in 1979 was the proposal to replace Sir Edwin Cooper's classical 1928 building for Lloyds of London with a new building by Richard Rogers. The society's protests were too late, and Rogers' Lloyd's building was completed in 1986 (and was itself listed Grade I in 2011).
- The society's first serious high-profile case was that of the Art Deco Firestone tyre factory of 1928 on the Great West Road in West London. The building was demolished by its owners over a bank holiday weekend in August 1980 in anticipation of its being listed.
- In 1985–6 the society campaigned against the wholesale replacement of the traditional K-series red telephone boxes designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott between 1926 and 1936. The campaign attracted much public support, and led to a number of boxes being listed.
- In 1987, the society successfully campaigned for the listing of Bracken House, London, the former home of the Financial Times, designed by Sir Albert Richardson and built between 1955 and 1958. This was the first post-Second World War building to be listed, the previous cut-off date having been 1939.
- In 1993–4, the society successfully persuaded the National Trust to take into care and open to the public 2 Willow Road, Hampstead, completed in 1939, and designed by the Hungarian architect Ernő Goldfinger for his own occupation.
- In the 1980s and 1990s the society campaigned repeatedly for the preservation and listing of Bankside Power Station, designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, constructed in two phases in 1947–52 and 1958–63, and decommissioned in 1981. The campaign was ultimately successful, and the building reopened as the Tate Modern art gallery in 2000.
- "About us". Twentieth Century Society. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Department for Communities and Local Government (24 March 2015), Arrangements for handling heritage applications Direction 2015, www.gov.uk, retrieved 5 August 2015
- Stamp, Gavin; Powers, Alan. "A Brief History". Twentieth Century Society. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Official website
- Powers, Alan (June 2000). "The Twentieth Century Society comes of age". Context. 66. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Charity Commission. Twentieth Century Society, registered charity no. 1110244.