Fawley Power Station
|Fawley Power Station|
Fawley Power Station
|Location||Hampshire, South East England|
|Thermal power station|
Fawley Power Station was an oil-fired power station located on the western side of Southampton Water, between the villages of Fawley and Calshot in Hampshire, England. Its 198-metre (650 ft) chimney is a prominent (and navigationally useful) landmark, but it is not, as is sometimes claimed, the highest point in Hampshire (which is Pilot Hill).
The station, which in its final years was owned and operated by Npower, was oil-fired, powered by heavy fuel oil. A pipeline connected the station to the nearby Fawley oil refinery. Because oil is more expensive than other fuels such as coal and natural gas, Fawley did not operate continuously, but came on line at times of high demand.
A dock was included in the construction, to allow for the delivery of oil by sea; however, after one ship delivery (essentially a trial) this facility remained disused.
Fawley was built by Mitchell ConstructionArchitect Colin Morse RIBA for the CEGB and was commissioned in 1971 as a 2,000-megawatt (MW) power station, with four 500 MW generating units, each consisting of a boiler supplying steam to a turbine that powers an associated generator. The cooling pumps were Britain's largest with a flow of 210,000 GPM. One was driven by an experimental super-conducting electric motor.
Two units were mothballed in 1995, leaving the station with a capacity of only 1,000 MW.
On 18 September 2012, RWE npower announced they would be shutting down Fawley power station by the end of March 2013, due to the EU Large Combustion Plant Directive. The power station was duly shut on 31 March 2013. The decommissioning and demolition of the plant is expected to take several years, and the future of the site remains undecided.
Proposed Fawley B station
CEGB plans for a coal-fired Fawley B station were not pursued following privatisation of the industry in the late 1980s.
Impact on wildlife
When the plant was operating the screens on the plants cooling water lines were found to kill as many as 50,000 fish a week. By the 80s intermittent plant operation meant that the annual kill total was around 200,000. While this may have resulted in reduced numbers of some species such as bass others like sand smelt seem unaffected.
The second series of British medical comedy Green Wing featured a scene that was shot in the control room.
In the Red Dwarf (series XI) the episode "Give and Take" had a scene that was filmed inside the control room.
The 2017 Channel 4 programme Spies filmed at the station and inside the control room.
The final episode Harvest of series 4 of Endeavour used the power station and control room.
The location was used as the extraction point for the 2018 series of Celebrity Hunted. The successful fugitives escaped by speedboat, exiting into Southampton Water.
In 2017 it was announced that the power station site would be turned into over 1,500 homes. The project went on display to the public on 27 September 2017.
- Indictment: Power & Politics in the Construction Industry, David Morrell, Faber & Faber, 1987, ISBN 978-0-571-14985-8
- "Generation disconnections since 1991". http://www.nationalgrid.com/. 2003. Retrieved 5 October 2009. External link in
- "Power Stations To Be Closed Down By Npower". Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Fawley power station closes after 41 years". BBC News. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
- Tubbs, Colin (1999). The Ecology, Conservation and History of the Solent. Packard Publishing. p. 40. ISBN 1853411167.
- "Film Buffs may notice that the round control room was the World Control Centre in 1975 film Rollerball". Sam Farr/The Bath Chronicle.
- "Scenes for Tom Cruise's Mission Impossible 5 will be filmed at Fawley Power Station in Hampshire". Southern Daily Echo. 7 November 2014.
- "PHOTOS: Behind the scenes shots as Star Wars films at Fawley Power Station". Daily Echo.
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