The Wizard of the Emerald City

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The Wizard of the Emerald City
Volshebnik Izumrudnogo goroda cover 1939.png
AuthorAlexander Volkov
Original titleВолшебник Изумрудного Города
IllustratorLeonid Vladimirsky
CountrySoviet Union
GenreFantasy/Children's book
Publication date
1939, 1959 (revised)
Media typePrint
Followed byUrfin Jus and his Wooden Soldiers (1963) 

The Wizard of the Emerald City (Russian: Волшебник Изумрудного Города) is a 1939 children's novel by Russian writer Alexander Melentyevich Volkov. The book is a re-narration of L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Baum's name is sometimes credited in the book (in the appendix by Volkov, which is found in some editions, where Volkov describes the origins of his book). The names of most characters are changed, some elements of Baum's novel are removed, and some new elements are added. In 1959 a new edition of the book was published, significantly revised by the author.[1] This edition first featured illustrations by artist L.V. Vladimirsky and became popular in the 1960s, leading to five sequels: Urfin Jus and his Wooden Soldiers (1963), The Seven Underground Kings (1964), The Fiery God of the Marrans (1968), The Yellow Fog (1970), and The Secret of the Abandoned Castle (1975, published in 1982). These sequels were written by Volkov himself and are not based on Baum's plot elements, although we do encounter the powder of life, a character called Charlie Black who is not unlike Cap'n Bill, intelligent foxes, and the use of a Sandboat similar to Johnny Dooit's, albeit with wheels.

Volkov's Magic Land series, as it was called, was translated into many languages and was popular with children all over the Eastern Bloc. Volkov's version of Oz seems to be better known than Baum's in some countries, for example in Russia, China, and the former East Germany. The books in the series have been translated into English by Peter L. Blystone, and were published by Red Branch Press in three volumes (two books per volume) in 1991 (revised edition 2010), 1993, and 2007.


Name Russian Baum equivalent
Ellie Smith Элли Смит Dorothy Gale
Totoshka (Little Toto) Тотошка Toto
Strasheela ("The Scary Thing") Страшила Scarecrow
Iron Lumberjack Железный Дровосек The Tin Woodman
Cowardly Lion Трусливый Лев Cowardly Lion
James Goodwin Джеймс Гудвин The Wizard
Villina Виллина Good Witch of the North
Stella Стелла Glinda the Good Witch
Gingema Гингема Wicked Witch of the East
Bastinda Бастинда Wicked Witch of the West
Din GeeOr Дин Гиор Soldier with the Green Whiskers
Faramant Фарамант Guardian of the Gates
Ramina Рамина Queen of the Field Mice
Charlie Black Чарли Блэк Cap'n Bill

Notable differences[edit]

The following are notable differences between The Wizard of the Emerald City and the original book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz:

  • In the original book, the characters at one point have to run away from half-tiger, half-bear beasts called Kalidahs. In Volkov's version, Kalidahs are replaced with saber-toothed tigers.
  • The Fighting Trees and the China Country are omitted in Volkov's version. Instead, the main characters have to cross a river by making a raft, and things go awry when a storm begins.
  • In Volkov's version, just before meeting the Cowardly Lion, Ellie gets kidnapped by an ogre, and Scarecrow and the Woodman save her.
  • In Volkov's version, Munchkins, Winkies and Quadlings (renamed as Chatters, Russian: Болтуны) have different tics involving their people's names: Munchkins constantly move their jaws as if they were munching, Winkies blink a lot and Chatters cannot stop talking.
  • The armless Hammer-Heads with stretching necks were replaced in Volkov's version with an anatomically correct and physically strong nation of Leapers, also having another name, Marrans.
  • In Volkov's version, as soon as Ellie and Toto arrive in Magic Land, Toto gains the ability to speak, which he retains until they leave. In Baum's version, this is not the case, and Toto behaves exactly like a normal dog. (However, in subsequent Oz books, it was established that every animal that comes to Oz gains the ability to speak, and Toto mostly just chooses to stay quiet because this is what he is used to.)
  • In Baum's version, Dorothy is an orphan and lives with her uncle Henry and her aunt Em. In Volkov's version, Ellie lives with both of her parents, John and Ann.
  • In the original version, the Good Witch of the North kisses Dorothy on her forehead, blessing her, and the Wicked Witch of the West doesn't dare hit her because of the blessing. In Volkov's version, Villina doesn't kiss Ellie, and Bastinda is afraid of hitting Ellie because she wears the magic silver shoes of Gingema.
  • In the original version, Dorothy was unaware of the Wicked Witch of the West's aquaphobia until the latter melted. In Volkov's version, Ellie knew Bastinda was afraid of water, and often left the kitchen floor wet to annoy the witch.
  • An additional subplot in Volkov's version during Ellie's imprisonment in Bastinda's castle involves Ellie and the cook Fregoza motivating other Winkies to prepare a coup against Bastinda.
  • Baum's book tells the story solely from Dorothy's point of view. Volkov's book tells the story first from Ellie's perspective, then switches to Gingema, then back to Ellie as she is running away from the cyclone.

The English edition (translation) together with the first sequel is Tales of Magic Land 1.

  • Volkov, Alexander Melentyevich, translation by Peter L. Blystone. Tales of Magic Land 1 (2nd revised edition). Red Branch Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-557-44825-8

Film adaptations[edit]

  • The Wizard of the Emerald City (1968): puppet production.
  • The Wizard of the Emerald City (1974): stop-motion animated television series.
  • The Wizard of the Emerald City (1994): live-action film.
  • Adventures in the Emerald City (1999-2000): four-episode animated series.
  • Fantastic Journey to Oz (2017): computer-animated film.


  1. ^ W read together (Читаем вместе) How the Emerald City was created.(Как создавался Изумрудный город)