Adès was born in London to art historian Dawn Adès and poet Timothy Adès. His surname is of Syrian Jewish origin. Adès is gay and identified his sexuality closely with the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in his youth.
Adès studied piano with Paul Berkowitz and later composition with Robert Saxton at Guildhall School of Music and Drama, London. After attending University College School, he achieved a double starred first in 1992 at King's College, Cambridge, studying with Alexander Goehr and Robin Holloway. He was appointed Britten Professor of Composition in the Royal Academy of Music and in 2004 was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Essex.
In 2007, a retrospective festival of Adès's work was presented at the Barbican Arts Centre in London and he was the focus of Radio France's annual contemporary music festival, "Présences", and Helsinki's "Musica Nova" festival. The Barbican festival, "Traced Overhead: The Musical World of Thomas Adès", included the UK premiere of a new work for Simon Rattle and the Berlin Philharmonic, Tevot. Journalist Tom Service wrote of the piece, "Of any piece of new music I've heard at its premiere, this is one of the most immediately, richly powerful." In the spring of 2007, The Tempest returned to the Royal Opera House.
In 2009, Adès was the focus of Stockholm Concert Hall's annual Composer Festival, and in 2010 he was appointed foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music.
On 8 October 2015, Adès was elected into the Board of Directors of the European Academy of Music Theatre.
- for orchestra, commissioned for the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra (CBSO) by the John Feeney Charitable Trust, was premiered in Symphony Hall, Birmingham in October 1997 by Simon Rattle and the CBSO. It received its London premiere at the BBC Proms on 15 August 1999 by the BBC Symphony Orchestra, conducted by the Composer. This work received the University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition in 2000, making Adès the youngest ever to receive the award.
- On 7 September 2002, Simon Rattle gave his first concert as principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra with Asyla and Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 5, both of which have also been released on CD and DVD by EMI.
- Asyla has since been performed across the world, including on a recent tour of the Far East by Rattle and the Berlin Philharmonic.
- America: A Prophecy
- commissioned for the New York Philharmonic Orchestra's Millennium Messages in November 1999 and it received its UK premiere at the Aldeburgh Festival in June 2000. A recording of the work is available on EMI Classics (2004).
- Concentric Paths
- Adès's violin concerto received its premiere in September 2005 with a performance by the Chamber Orchestra of Europe with Anthony Marwood as soloist, which received critical acclaim.
- for orchestra, was premiered in Berlin by Simon Rattle and the Berlin Philharmonic on 21 February 2007, and received its American premiere as part of the Berlin in Lights Festival at Carnegie Hall.
- In Seven Days
- for piano, orchestra, with video installation, was premiered by the London Sinfonietta, conducted by Adès at Royal Festival Hall in London on 28 April 2008. Video segment was created by Tal Rosner, Adès's then partner. The work was co-commissioned by the South Bank Centre and the Los Angeles Philharmonic.
- for orchestra and five video screens (moving images by Tal Rosner), was written for the opening of Frank Gehry's New World Arts Center in Miami, Florida, and premiered by the New World Symphony Orchestra under Michael Tilson Thomas on 26 January 2011. The work was co-commissioned by the New World Symphony Orchestra with the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, the New York Philharmonic, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the San Francisco Symphony and the Barbican Centre, London.
- for mezzo-soprano, baritone, and large orchestra, commissioned by Robin Boyle and dedicated to Witold Lutosławski and his wife Danuta, was premiered on 7 July 2013 by the BBC Symphony Orchestra as part of that year's BBC Proms.
- Concerto for Piano and Orchestra
- for piano and large orchestra, commissioned by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and premiered by the BSO and the pianist Kirill Gerstein in Symphony Hall, Boston, on 7 March 2019.
- The Exterminating Angel Symphony
- a four movement orchestral rendering of music from the opera, premiered on 4 August 2021 at the Symphony Hall, Birmingham, by the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Mirga Gražinytė-Tyla.
- Air - Homage to Sibelius
- for violin and orchestra, commissioned by Roche for the Lucerne Festival and premiered on 27 August 2022 at the Kultur- und Kongresszentrum Luzern (KKL) by Anne-Sophie Mutter and the Lucerne Festival Contemporary Orchestra, conducted by Adès.
- Powder Her Face
- Adès's 1995 chamber opera with a libretto by Philip Hensher, won both good reviews and notoriety for its musical depiction of fellatio. The opera was commissioned by Almeida Opera Festival, London, and has since been given new productions around the world. The Duchess depicted in the opera is the Margaret Campbell, Duchess of Argyll whose scandalous behaviour in Britain in the early 1960s was revealed during a divorce trial with the introduction into evidence of photographs of her various sexual acts. Adès's "Concert Paraphrase" on Powder Her Face for solo piano was premiered by the composer for the Vancouver Recital Society on 14 March 2010 in Vancouver; the work was co-commissioned by the VRS, San Francisco Performances, and the Barbican Centre in London.
- The Tempest
- with a libretto by Meredith Oakes adapted from Shakespeare's play, was premiered to critical acclaim at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden London in February 2004, followed by performances at the Strasbourg Opera and the Copenhagen Opera House in 2005. Its US premiere was by the Santa Fe Opera in July 2006. The original production was revived by the Royal Opera House London in March 2007 to acclaim. A production by Frankfurt Opera, staged by Keith Warner and conducted by Johannes Debus in January 2010 was the first in Germany. EMI's recording of the Covent Garden performance of The Tempest won Adès the title of Composer of the Year in the 2010 Classical BRIT Awards. The Metropolitan Opera, New York, included The Tempest in its 2012–13 season, conducted by Adès and produced by Robert Lepage. The same production was seen in Vienna in the summer of 2015.
- The Exterminating Angel
- adapted from Luis Buñuel's 1962 surrealist film El ángel exterminador, was premiered at the 2016 Salzburg Festival, and performed at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Metropolitan Opera, New York and Royal Danish Opera, Copenhagen, the four co-commissioners and co-producers of the opera.
- The Fayrfax Carol
- a cappella choral composition. Written originally for King's College, Cambridge, 1997, the piece has been recorded by ensembles such as the BBC Singers and also the City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus. The work received its U.S. West Coast premiere by International Orange Chorale of San Francisco.
- Five Eliot Landscapes
- Adès's first opus, published in 1990.
- a seven-movement, 20-minute string quartet (Op. 12), was recorded in 1998 along with other work from the 1993 to 1994 period.
- Cardiac Arrest
- a work for chamber ensemble of 7 players. The piece is based on song by Madness. It received its premiere at Meltdown, Purcell Room, London in 1995 by Composers Ensemble.
- a chamber work for clarinet, piano, violin and violincello. It premiered in 1993 at St George's, Brandon Hill, Bristol by Lynsey Marsh, Anthony Marwood, Louise Hopkins and Thomas Adès.
- Chamber Symphony
- a work for 15 players, Chamber Symphony lasts approximately 13 minutes and was given its first performance at the Cambridge Festival of Contemporary Music, West Road Concert Hall, Cambridge by Contemporary Music Festival Ensemble under the baton of Thomas Adès in 1991.
- Concerto Conciso
- a work for piano and chamber ensemble (10 players). The piece was given its premiere at the Adrian Boult Hall, Birmingham by the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group under Thomas Adès in 1997.
- Court Studies
- this chamber work for clarinet, violin, cello and piano lasts approximately 8 minutes and was given its premiere in 2005 at the Jubilee Hall, Aldeburgh Festival by the Composers Ensemble.
- Four Quarters
- this string quartet was commissioned by the Carnegie Hall Corporation, and, was premiered in 2011 at Stern Auditorium, Carnegie Hall, New York by the Emerson String Quartet.
- Les baricades mistérieuses
- for clarinet, bass clarinet, viola, cello and double bass. Written for Wilfred Mellers's 80th birthday, it was first performed at Dartington International Summer School's Great Hall by The Composers Ensemble in 1994.
- Lieux retrouvés
- for cello and piano. Co-commissioned by the Aldeburgh Festival, Wigmore Hall and Carnegie Hall. First performed at Aldeburgh Festival, Snape Maltings Concert Hall, Suffolk by Steven Isserlis and Thomas Adès in 2009; 2016 BBC Proms UK premiere of version for orchestra
- Life Story
- a work for soprano and chamber ensemble of 3 players, Life Story is set to Tennessee Williams's text. It was written for The Composers Ensemble and received its first performance in 1993 at West Road Concert Hall, Cambridge University.
- Living Toys
- for chamber ensemble of 14 players. The work was commissioned by the Arts Council of Great Britain for the London Sinfonietta. Conducted by Oliver Knussen, the work was premièred in 1994 at the Barbican Hall, London.
- The Origin of the Harp
- a chamber ensemble work for 10 players was commissioned by the Halle Orchestra. It began life in 1994 at the Free Trade Hall in Manchester under the baton of the composer himself.
- Piano Quintet
- premièred at the 2001 Melbourne Festival, Australia by Thomas Adès (piano) and the Arditti Quartet. Recording of the work with Adès at the piano and the Arditti Quartet (released in 2005 by EMI with Schubert's Trout Quintet – with Adès and the Belcea Quartet).
Other musical activities
In 1993, at age 22, Adès gave his first public piano recital in London as part of the Park Lane Group series of recitals.
Adès was the first Music Director of the Birmingham Contemporary Music Group from 1998 to 2000. He served as Artistic Director of the Aldeburgh Festival from 1999 to 2008, succeeded in 2009 by the pianist Pierre-Laurent Aimard.
- The U.S. West Coast premiere of "Asyla," with Sir Simon Rattle conducting the Los Angeles Philharmonic
- "Darkness Visible" and "Still Sorrowing" performed by pianist Gloria Cheng
- "These Premises are Alarmed" conducted by Rattle with the Los Angeles Philharmonic
He is also a pianist, having been a runner-up in the BBC's Young Musician of the Year competition in 1990. EMI has released a CD of Adès as a solo performer, "Thomas Adès: Piano", and several CDs as an accompanist, frequently with Ian Bostridge, Steven Isserlis and others. As a student Adès was a percussionist, at one point playing percussion in Stravinsky's "Les noces" under Sir Simon Rattle.
Adés is the Deborah and Philip Edmundson artistic partner with the Boston Symphony Orchestra, a position he has held for three years, 2018/2019, 2019/2020, and 2020/2021. The position was created specifically for him.
- Powder Her Face was made into a film by Channel 4 and shown on Christmas Day 1999 in the UK. The film was released on DVD in the UK for Christmas 2005, including a documentary film about Adès made by Gerald Fox in 1999. It is also available in the US.
- Asyla (along with Mahler's 5th Symphony) formed Sir Simon Rattle's opening concert with the Berlin Philharmonic. The two concerts given were recorded and released as a DVD in 2002.
- "The Tempest": the Metropolitan Opera production from 2012, conducted by Adès, was issued on DG. Prospero: Simon Keenlyside; Ariel: Audrey Luna; Caliban: Alan Oke; Miranda: Isabel Leonard; Ferdinand: Alek Shrader; King of Naples: William Burden; Antonio: Tony Spence; Stefano: Kevin Burdette; Trinculo: Iestyn Davies; Sebastian: Christopher Feigum; Gonzalo: John Del Carlo. The production was by Robert Lepage. Winner of the 2014 Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording.
- Life Story (1997)
- Living Toys (1998)
- Asyla (1999)
- Powder Her Face (1999)
- America (2004)
- Adès/Schubert: Piano Quintets (2005)
- Violin Concerto (2007), download release.
- The Tempest (2009)
- Tevot, Violin Concerto, Three Studies from Couperin, Dances from Powder Her Face (2010)
- Thomas Adès: Anthology (2011) including Concert Paraphrase on Powder Her Face and Three Mazurkas
- In Seven Days (Signum Classics, Nicholas Hodges, Rolf Hind, Thomas Adès, 2011)
- Polaris (2012), download release.
- Lieux retrouvés (Hyperion, Steven Isserlis, Thomas Adès, 2012)
- Cello World (with Steven Isserlis) (1998)
- Thomas Adès: Piano (2000)
- Janáček: The Diary of One Who Disappeared (with Ian Bostridge) (2002)
- The Music of Poul Ruders, vol.4 (2004)
- Stravinsky: Complete Music for Violin and Piano (Hyperion, Thomas Adès/Anthony Marwood, 2010)
- "A music referendum". Ricordi. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- "Superstar of Biblical Proportions: Thomas Adès". Jewish Quarterly. 14 October 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
- Teeman, Tim (16 February 2011). "Thomas Adès: why I have to compose". The Times. Retrieved 7 September 2023.
- "Holloway: Trios – 'quick-witted music'" by Richard Fairman, Financial Times, 6 July 2018
- "University of Essex Calendar". University of Essex. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012.
- Huizenga, Tom (13 November 2007). "Berlin Philharmonic, in Concert at Carnegie Hall". NPR. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "New board elected: Thomas Adès, Joseph Calleja and Alessandro Di Profio new members", European Academy of Music Theatre, 10 October 2015
- BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award 2022
- Taylor, Mark (18 October 2023). "Nominees announced for The Ivors Classical Awards 2024". The Ivors Academy. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
- Taylor, Mark (14 November 2023). "Winners of The Ivors Classical Awards 2023 announced". The Ivors Academy. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
- Thomas Ades – Asyla 1997 Accessed 3 May 2013
- Prom 38, 15 August 1999 Accessed 3 May 2013
- "2000 – Thomas Ades". grawemeyer.org. 30 November 1999. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013.
- London Sinfonietta/Adès – review | Music. The Guardian. Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Fleshler, David. "The New World Symphony opens its new multimedia home". theclassicalreview.com. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- The Exterminating Angel Symphony, Faber Music
- "Air - Homage to Sibelius | Faber Music". www.fabermusic.com. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
- The Tempest Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine at Oper Frankfurt, January 2010. Accessed 6 November 2012.
- "Boston Symphony Orchestra Members – Boston Symphony Orchestra". www.bso.org. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- The Tempest at Metropolitan Opera, 2012. Accessed 6 November 2012.
- Tom Service: "Sailing Into Stormy Musical Waters", The New York Times, 19 October 2012
- "The Exterminating Angel review – Adès delivers unmissable operatic adaptation" by Andrew Clements, The Guardian, 30 July 2016
- Arcadiana – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music (23 April 2001). Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Cardiac Arrest – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music. Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Catch – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music (27 February 1999). Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Chamber Symphony – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music (21 October 1996). Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Concerto Conciso – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music (18 November 1997). Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Court Studies from The Tempest – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music. Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Four Quarters, The – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music (14 March 2011). Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Les baricades mistérieuses – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music. Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- "Lieux retrouvés". www.fabermusic.com. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- Life Story – Solo Voice – Repertoire. Faber Music. Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Living Toys – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music (24 August 1997). Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Origin of the Harp, The – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music (6 October 1994). Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Piano Quintet – Chamber/Ensemble Works – Repertoire. Faber Music. Retrieved on 14 January 2014.
- Rian Evans (18 March 2008). "BCMG/Adès (CBSO Centre, Birmingham)". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2008.
- "Deborah and Philip Edmundson Artistic Partner Boston Symphony Orchestra | bso.org". Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
- Steven Isserlis (1998). "Cello World". Amazon. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "Stravinsky: Complete music for violin and piano". The Guardian. 17 January 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- Adès, Thomas; Service, Tom (2012). Thomas Ades: Full of Noises: Conversations with Tom Service. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-27897-8.
- Barkin, Elaine R. (Winter 2009). "About Some Music of Thomas Adès". Perspectives of New Music. 47 (1): 165–173. doi:10.1353/pnm.2009.0011. JSTOR 25652404. S2CID 258129555.
- Culshaw, Peter (1 March 2007). "Don't call me a messiah". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 March 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2022. (subscription required)
- Fox, Christopher (Autumn 2004). "Tempestuous Times: The Recent Music of Thomas Adès". The Musical Times. 145 (1888): 41–56. doi:10.2307/4149112. JSTOR 4149112.
- Massey, Drew (2020). Thomas Adès in Five Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-937497-7.
- Roeder, John (2006). "Co-operating Continuities in the Music of Thomas Adès". Music Analysis. 25 (1/2): 121–¡54. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2249.2006.00235.x. JSTOR 25171365.
- Weber, Moritz (26 August 2022). "Lucerne Festival 2022 - Früher gemobbt, heute berühmt: Thomas Adès steht für Vielfalt". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) (in German). Retrieved 18 November 2022.
- Ross, Alex (18 October 1998). "Roll Over, Beethoven". The New Yorker.
- Service, Tom (24 February 2007). "'Writing music? It's like flying a plane'". The Guardian.
- Swed, Mark (17 November 2008). "Ades, For Mature Audiences Only". Los Angeles Times.
- Tommasini, Anthony (23 February 2004). "Royal Opera Review; Noises, Sounds, Sweet Airs From Young British Hope". The New York Times.
- Venn, Edward (March 2014). "Thomas Adès's 'Freaky, Funky Rave'". Music Analysis. 33 (1): 65–98. doi:10.1111/musa.12020. JSTOR 43864525.
- Venn, Edward; Stoecker, Philip, eds. (2021). Thomas Adès Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-78726-0.
- Wells, Dominic (April 2012). "Plural Styles, Personal Style: The Music of Thomas Adès". Tempo. 66 (260): 2–14. doi:10.1017/S0040298212000125. JSTOR 23263083. S2CID 144902702.
- Whittall, Arnold (2003) . "Adès, Thomas". Grove Music Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.46023. ISBN 978-1-56159-263-0. (subscription or UK public library membership required)