Tofane

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Tofane
Tofana.jpg
Tofana di Dentro, Tofana di Mezzo,
and Tofana di Rozes
Highest point
Elevation 3,244 m (10,643 ft)  (Tofana di Mezzo)
Prominence 1,369 metres (4,491 ft)
Coordinates 46°32′N 12°03′E / 46.533°N 12.050°E / 46.533; 12.050Coordinates: 46°32′N 12°03′E / 46.533°N 12.050°E / 46.533; 12.050
Geography
Tofane is located in Alps
Tofane
Tofane
Location in the Alps
Location Province of Belluno, Italy
Parent range Dolomites
Climbing
First ascent 29 August 1863, 154 years ago
by Paul Grohmann
and Francesco Lacedelli

Tofane is a mountain group in the Dolomites of northern Italy, west of Cortina d'Ampezzo in the province of Belluno, Veneto. Most of the Tofane lies within Parco naturale delle Dolomiti d'Ampezzo, a nature park.

Peaks[edit]

The highest peaks of the Tofane group are Tofana di Mezzo (3,244 m (10,643 ft)), Tofana di Dentro (3,238 m (10,623 ft)), and Tofana di Rozes (3,225 m (10,581 ft)). Tofana di Mezzo is the third highest peak in the Dolomites, after Marmolada (3,343 m (10,968 ft)) and Antelao (3,262 m (10,702 ft)). All three peaks were first climbed 154 years ago by Paul Grohmann along with local mountain guides, in 1863 (di Mezzo), 1864 (di Rozes) and 1865 (di Dentro).[1][2][3]

Tofane panorama

Geology[edit]

The Dolomites were formed during the Cretaceous Period, approximately 60 million years ago, due to the collision of the African and European continents. The Tofane is largely formed from the Upper Triassic rock Dolomia principale. The strata are perceptibly folded, and the mountains are finally formed by wind, rain, glaciers and rivers.

Tourism[edit]

Access[edit]

A cable lift system (Freccia nel Cielo, "Arrow in the sky") goes from Cortina almost to the top of Tofane di Mezzo. There is only a short walk from the top cable car to the summit. Alternatively the via ferratas VF Punta Anna and VF Gianna Aglio can be used to reach Tofane di Mezzo.

Cabins (rifugi)[edit]

Some of the cabins in the Tofane are the Rifugio Angelo Dibona (2,083 m (6,834 ft)), the Rifugio Giussani (2,580 m (8,465 ft)), the Rifugio Duca d'Aosta (2,098 m (6,883 ft)), and the Rifugio Pomedes (2,303 m (7,556 ft)).

Via ferratas[edit]

The via ferratas of Tofane are VF Punta Anna and VF Gianna Aglio on Tofana di Mezzo, VF Lamon and VF Formenton on Tofana di Dentro, and VF Giovanni Lipella on Tofana di Rozes, where there also are tunnel systems from World War I.

History[edit]

During the First World War, the Tofane was a battlefield of the Italian Front for clashes between the Italian and Austrian forces. The front lines went through the mountains.

At the 1956 Winter Olympics, Mount Tofane hosted five of the six alpine skiing events. It regularly hosts women's speed events on the World Cup circuit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goedeke, Richard; Hans Kammerer (1993). 3000er der Dolomiten (in German). Tappeiner Verlag. pp. 240pp. ISBN 88-7076-155-3. 
  2. ^ La Conquista delle vette dolomiticheabcdolimiti.com (Retrieved on 19 September 2008) (Italian)
  3. ^ Allgemeine Informationen über die Geschichte der örtlichen Alpinistik mit besonderem Bezug auf die historischen Aufstiege und auf die "ersten Wege"dolomito.altevio.it (Retrieved on 19 September 2008) (German)
  • 1956 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 165–79. (English) & (Italian)
  • Via ferratas of the Italian Dolomites: Volume 1 [North, central and east] by John Smith and Graham Fletcher. Published in 2002 by Cicerone, UK. ISBN 1-85284-362-4.
  • Cortina d'Ampezzo e Dolomiti Ampezzane. 1:25,000, Carta Topografica. Casa Editrice Tobacco.
  • It appears in the 1981 James Bond 007 movie:"For your eyes only".