Treaty of Craiova
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Southern Dobrudja in bright yellow
|Signed||7 September 1940|
|Location||Craiova, Kingdom of Romania|
The Treaty of Craiova (Bulgarian: Крайовска спогодба; Romanian: Tratatul de la Craiova) was signed on 7 September 1940 by the representatives of the Tsar of Bulgaria and the representatives of the King of Romania. The treaty was ratified on 13 September 1940 by Boris III of Bulgaria -the Tsar of Bulgaria, and Ion Antonescu - the Romanian prime minister. Under the terms of this treaty, Romania returned the southern part of Dobruja (the Cadrilater or "Quadrilateral" in Romanian) to Bulgaria and agreed to participate in organizing a population exchange. The treaty was approved by Britain, France, Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union and the United States. Southern Dobruja had a population of mostly Bulgarians and Turks, with only about a 20% minority of Romanians.
Terms of the treaty provide for the mandatory resettlement of Romanian citizens of Bulgarian ethnicity living in Northern Dobruja to Bulgaria, and the resettlement of ethnic Romanians living in Southern Dobruja to Romania. 110,000 Romanians (80,000 of them from South Dobruja) left their homes in Bulgaria. Most of these Romanians were colonists who had settled there after the Second Balkan War in 1913, when the territory was annexed by Romania (see Treaty of Bucharest (1913)). 65,000 Bulgarians left their homes in Northern Dobrudja and resettled in Bulgaria.
- Balkan Pact
- First Vienna Award
- Second Vienna Award
- Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
- Northern Transylvania
- Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina
- The New York Times, July 26, 1940, "Britain recognizes the "fundamental justice" of Bulgaria's claim against Rumania for return of the wheat-growing section of Southern Dobruja"
- Кузманова, Антонина. От Ньой до Крайова. Въпросът за Южна Добруджа в международните отношения /1919-1940/, София 1989, с. 287-288.
- File:Romania 1930 ethnic map EN.png