Trifolium thompsonii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Trifolium thompsonii

Imperiled (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Genus: Trifolium
Species: T. thompsonii
Binomial name
Trifolium thompsonii
Morton

Trifolium thompsonii is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Thompson's clover.[1] It is endemic to Washington State in the United States, where it occurs in two counties.[2][3] One of the largest populations occurs in the Entiat Slopes Natural Area Preserve in Chelan County.[4]

This is a large clover with a thick stem growing up to 60 centimeters tall. The leaves are divided into three to eight serrated leaflets. The inflorescence is a round head of several bright red-lavender flowers. Blooming occurs in May through July.[2][3] Pollinators include bumblebees and the Greenish Blue, a butterfly.[2]

This species grows in several types of habitat.[2] One study identified four plant associations that include the clover. The Pseudotsuga menziesii/Calamagrostis rubescens forest habitat is a cooler, moister area with associated species such as Spiraea betulifolia, Penstemon fruticosus, Balsamorhiza sagittata, and Achillea millefolium. The Artemisia vaseyana/Agropyron spicatum association includes Artemisia tripartita, Poa secunda, and Festuca idahoensis. A third association, the Pinus ponderosa/Agropyron spicatum has sparse tree cover, a grass understory, and no tall shrubs. Associated species include Eriogonum heracleoides, Phlox longifolia, Haplopappus stenophyllus, and Antennaria rosea. The Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum association is a drier habitat which includes many forbs such as Allium acuminatum, Agoseris grandiflora, Lomatium nudicaule, and Lupinus sericeus.[5]

A Research Natural Area, the Thompson Clover Research Natural Area, was established in 1977[2] in the Wenatchee National Forest for the study and protection of this species.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trifolium thompsonii". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Trifolium thompsonii. Center for Plant Conservation.
  3. ^ a b Trifolium thompsonii. NatureServe.
  4. ^ Washington State Department of Natural Resources. Entiat Slopes NAP. Accessed April 13, 2014.
  5. ^ Scherer, G., et al. (1996). Habitat characteristics and morphological differences of Trifolium thompsonii populations. Northwest Science 70(3) 242-51.
  6. ^ Thompson Clover Research Natural Area.

External links[edit]