Trillium cuneatum

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Trillium cuneatum
Trillium Nashville.jpg
Trillium cuneatum
Cheekwood Botanical Garden
Nashville, Tennessee

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Trillium
Species: T. cuneatum
Binomial name
Trillium cuneatum
Raf., 1840
Trillium cuneatum in the USA.svg
US distribution by state of Trillium cuneatum
  • Trillium sessile var. praecox Nutt.
  • Trillium hugeri Small
  • Trillium cuneatum f. luteum J.D.Freeman

Trillium cuneatum, the little sweet Betsy,[3] is a flowering perennial plant which is native to the southeastern United States, with a few scattered populations naturalized in the midwestern part of the country.[4] It flowers in early March to mid April. It is also known as whip-poor-will flower, large toadshade, purple toadshade, and bloody butcher.[5]

Trillium cuneatum has three broad, mottled leaves surrounding a sessile, banana-scented flower.[6] The petals are erect and maroon, bronze, green, or yellow in color.[6]

Trillium cuneatum prefers to grow in rich soils mostly upland woods, especially limestone soils, also in less calcareous sites. It is found at elevations of 50–400 meters (165–2300 feet).[7]


  1. ^ "Trillium cuneatum". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "Trillium cuneatum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2010 county distribution map
  5. ^ United States Department of Agriculture plants profile: Trillium cuneatum
  6. ^ a b Carman, Jack B. (2001). Wildflowers of Tennessee. Highland Rim Press. p. 372. 
  7. ^ Flora of North America, Trillium cuneatum

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