Triple-A All-Star Game

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Triple-A All-Star Game
Triple-A All-Star Game logo.png
Frequency Annual
Location(s) Varies (see prose)
Inaugurated July 13, 1988
(Pilot Field, Buffalo, New York, United States)
Most recent July 11, 2018
(Huntington Park, Columbus, Ohio, United States)
Previous event July 12, 2017
(Cheney Stadium, Tacoma, Washington, United States)
Next event July 10, 2019
(Southwest University Park, El Paso, Texas, United States)
Participants Triple-A minor league baseball players
Organized by Triple-A Baseball
Website Official website

The Triple-A All-Star Game is an annual baseball game sanctioned by Minor League Baseball between professional players from the two affiliated Triple-A leagues—the International League (IL) and the Pacific Coast League (PCL). Each league fields a team composed of players in their respective leagues as voted on by fans, the media, and each club's field manager, coaches, and general manager.[1] From the inaugural 1988 event through 1997, teams of American League-affiliated Triple-A All-Stars faced off against teams of National League-affiliated Triple-A All-Stars.

Traditionally, the game has taken place on the day after the mid-summer Major League Baseball All-Star Game.[2] The game is meant to mark a symbolic halfway-point in the season (though not the mathematical halfway-point which, for most seasons, is usually one month prior). Both Triple-A leagues share a common All-Star break, with no regular-season games scheduled for two days before the All-Star Game itself. Some additional events, such as the All-Star Fan Fest and Triple-A Home Run Derby, take place each year during this break in the regular season.[3]

History[edit]

2015 IL All-Stars before the game

The Triple-A All-Star Game has been played every season since 1988.[4] The inaugural game was played in Buffalo, New York. The host city has since alternated annually between cities in each Triple-A league. Currently, the International League hosts in odd-numbered years and the Pacific Coast League hosts in even-numbered years.[5] Only Albuquerque, New Mexico; Buffalo; Louisville, Kentucky; and Salt Lake City, Utah, have hosted on multiple occasions, each having hosting twice. Five current Triple-A cities have never hosted the event, nor are currently scheduled to host in the future: Colorado Springs, Colorado; Fresno, California; Lawrenceville, Georgia; Round Rock, Texas; and Syracuse, New York.

When it began, there were three Triple-A leagues in the United States: the American Association, International League, and Pacific Coast League. Due to the odd number of leagues, it was decided that one team would be made up of All-Stars from American League affiliates and the other of National League affiliates.[4] The American Association ceased operations after the 1997 season. So in 1998, the teams were reorganized so that one team consisted of International League All-Stars and the other of Pacific Coast League All-Stars.[6]

From 2006 to 2016, the winning league earned the distinction of having its league champion (determined at the end of the season) being given home team status for the Triple-A National Championship Game, a single game to determine a Triple-A champion in the postseason.[7] This changed in 2017, when home team status began being awarded to the team from the league which hosts the championship game.[8]

The 1988 All-Star Game was televised on ESPN.[4] The sports network and other regional sports channels aired subsequent contests. It was broadcast on ESPN2 from 1995 to 2009.[6][9] The game has aired on MLB Network since 2010.[10]

Structure[edit]

2015 PCL All-Stars before the game

Each league's roster consists of 30 players, though the actual number of players on gameday may be less due to call-ups, injuries, or players choosing not to participate.[11] Thirteen players are elected for each team through a vote by fans, team personnel, and media members.[12] Fans can submit online ballots with votes for one player at each infield position, a catcher, a designated hitter, three outfielders, and four pitchers—two starters and two relievers. Fan balloting accounts for one-third of the total vote.[12] The ballots of each club's field manager, coaches, and general manager account for another third.[12] Votes from broadcasters and members of the media make up the final third.[12] Once 13 All-Stars are elected, each league office selects an additional 17 players to fill out their roster.[12] One goal of adding these additional players is to make sure every Triple-A team is represented on the All-Star rosters.

The game itself consists of a single nine-inning game to determine a champion. The only All-Star game to ever go beyond the prescribed nine innings was the 2004 game held in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, at McCoy Stadium.[13] Triple-A rules restricted the game from going beyond 10 innings, but the International League scored in the bottom of the 10th inning, avoiding a tie game as the result.[13] The league in which the host city competes is considered the home team for the game and the other team is designated the visiting team. Designated hitters bat in place of the pitchers.

Historically, players wore their respective team's uniforms. Players on the home team wore their club's white home uniforms, while players on the away team wore their club's gray road uniforms. Usually a patch depicting the game's logo was sewn onto their jerseys and caps. This changed temporarily in 2017 when players wore league-specific jerseys paired with the appropriate home/road pants and their respective team's cap.[14][15] Players wore the uniforms of their respective clubs again in the 2018 game. [16]

The game is umpired by a four-man crew with one umpire behind home plate and the others covering each base. Two of the umpires work in the IL, while two work in the PCL. Assignments rotate each year such that IL umpires are assigned to home plate and second base in even years, and PCL umpires man those positions in odd years.[17]

Results[edit]

1988–1997: American League vs. National League[edit]

Date Winning league
(All-time record)
Score City Ballpark Host team (league) Attendance Ref.
July 13, 1988 American
(1–0 AL)
2–1 Buffalo, New York Pilot Field Buffalo Bisons (AA) 19,500 [4]
July 12, 1989 National
(1–1 NL)
8–3 Columbus, Ohio Cooper Stadium Columbus Clippers (IL) 14,131 [4]
July 11, 1990 National
(2–1 NL)
8–5 Las Vegas, Nevada Cashman Field Las Vegas Stars (PCL) 10,323 [4]
July 10, 1991 National
(3–1 NL)
6–5 Louisville, Kentucky Cardinal Stadium Louisville Redbirds (AA) 20,725 [4]
July 15, 1992 American
(2–3 AL)
2–1 Richmond, Virginia The Diamond Richmond Braves (IL) 12,186 [4]
July 14, 1993 National
(4–2 NL)
14–3 Albuquerque, New Mexico Albuquerque Sports Stadium Albuquerque Dukes (PCL) 10,541 [6]
July 13, 1994 National
(5–2 NL)
8–5 Nashville, Tennessee Herschel Greer Stadium Nashville Sounds (AA) 11,601 [6]
July 12, 1995 American
(3–5 AL)
9–0 Moosic, Pennsylvania Lackawanna County Stadium Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons (IL) 10,965 [6]
July 10, 1996 National
(6–3 NL)
2–1 Salt Lake City, Utah Franklin Quest Field Salt Lake Buzz (PCL) 15,500 [6]
July 9, 1997 American
(4–6 AL)
5–3 Des Moines, Iowa Sec Taylor Stadium Iowa Cubs (AA) 11,183 [6]
National League (6 wins) American League (4 wins)

1998–present: International League vs. Pacific Coast League[edit]

Date Winning league
(All-time record)
Score City Ballpark Host team (league) Attendance Ref.
July 8, 1998 International
(1–0 IL)
8–4 Norfolk, Virginia Harbor Park Norfolk Tides (IL) 11,049 [18]
July 14, 1999 Pacific Coast
(1–1 PCL)
9–5 Metairie, Louisiana Zephyr Field New Orleans Zephyrs (PCL) 8,895 [18]
July 12, 2000 Pacific Coast
(2–1 PCL)
8–2 Rochester, New York Frontier Field Rochester Red Wings (IL) 12,810 [18]
July 11, 2001 Pacific Coast
(3–1 PCL)
9–5 Indianapolis, Indiana Victory Field Indianapolis Indians (IL) 15,868 [18]
July 10, 2002 Pacific Coast
(4–1 PCL)
5–0 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma SBC Bricktown Ballpark Oklahoma RedHawks (PCL) 11,343 [18]
July 16, 2003 International
(2–4 IL)
13–9 Memphis, Tennessee AutoZone Park Memphis Redbirds (PCL) 15,214 [13]
July 14, 2004 International
(3–4 IL)
4–3
(10 inn.)
Pawtucket, Rhode Island McCoy Stadium Pawtucket Red Sox (IL) 11,192 [13]
July 13, 2005 Pacific Coast
(5–3 PCL)
11–5 Sacramento, California Raley Field Sacramento River Cats (PCL) 14,414 [13]
July 12, 2006 International
(4–5 IL)
6–0 Toledo, Ohio Fifth Third Field Toledo Mud Hens (IL) 11,300 [13]
July 11, 2007 International
(5–5 IL)
7–5 Albuquerque, New Mexico Isotopes Park Albuquerque Isotopes (PCL) 12,367 [13]
July 16, 2008 Pacific Coast
(6–5 PCL)
6–5 Louisville, Kentucky Louisville Slugger Field Louisville Bats (IL) 13,131 [9]
July 15, 2009 International
(6–6 IL)
6–5 Portland, Oregon PGE Park Portland Beavers (PCL) 16,637 [9]
July 14, 2010 International
(7–6 IL)
2–1 Allentown, Pennsylvania Coca-Cola Park Lehigh Valley IronPigs (IL) 10,000 [9]
July 13, 2011 International
(8–6 IL)
3–0 Salt Lake City, Utah Spring Mobile Ballpark Salt Lake Bees (PCL) 12,439 [9]
July 11, 2012 Pacific Coast
(7–8 PCL)
3–0 Buffalo, New York Coca-Cola Field Buffalo Bisons (IL) 18,025 [9]
July 17, 2013 International
(9–7 IL)
4–3 Reno, Nevada Aces Ballpark Reno Aces (PCL) 10,135 [19]
July 16, 2014 International
(10–7 IL)
7–3 Durham, North Carolina Durham Bulls Athletic Park Durham Bulls (IL) 10,274 [19]
July 15, 2015 International
(11–7 IL)
4–3 Papillion, Nebraska Werner Park Omaha Storm Chasers (PCL) 9,023 [19]
July 13, 2016 International
(12–7 IL)
4–2 Charlotte, North Carolina BB&T Ballpark Charlotte Knights (IL) 10,386 [19]
July 12, 2017 Pacific Coast
(8–12 PCL)
6–4 Tacoma, Washington Cheney Stadium Tacoma Rainiers (PCL) 7,024 [19]
July 11, 2018 Pacific Coast
(9–12 PCL)
12–7 Columbus, Ohio Huntington Park Columbus Clippers (IL) 10,516 [20]
International League (12 wins) Pacific Coast League (9 wins)

Future games[edit]

Date City Ballpark Host team (league) Ref.
July 10, 2019 El Paso, Texas Southwest University Park El Paso Chihuahuas (PCL) [21]

Awards[edit]

2015 PCL All-Stars in the dugout

The Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards at the Triple-A All-Star Game have gone by various names. One player was selected in the inaugural 1988 contest for the SportsTicker "Star of Stars" Award. From 1989 through 1997, the award was bestowed upon one player from each Triple-A league. For 2004, this award was renamed the TSN "Star of the Game" Award. Since 2005, it has been known as the MiLB.com "Top Star" Award.[22]

Additional awards were given out to honor the best overall performance and/or best pitching performance from 2000 to 2008. From 2000 to 2003, two players were honored as the Maurice Lacroix/Lou Gehrig Players of the Game—one as "Player of the Game" and one as "Pitcher of the Game." In 2004, one player was selected as the "Dodge Most Valuable Player." From 2005 to 2007, this award has given out as the Bank of America Most Valuable Player Award. The Bank of America Most Valuable Pitcher Award was given in 2008.[22]

The team with the most MVP winners (excluding additional awards from 2000 to 2008) is the International League's Gwinnett Stripers (formerly the Richmond Braves) with six MVPs. The IL's Buffalo Bisons and Pacific Coast League's Oklahoma City Dodgers (formerly the Oklahoma City 89ers and Oklahoma/Oklahoma City RedHawks) are tied for second place with five MVPs. The only player to win more than one regular MVP award is Luis Lopez who won in 1994 with the IL's Richmond Braves and in 1995 with the IL's Buffalo Bisons.[22]

1988–1997[edit]

Year AA MVP IL MVP PCL MVP Ref.
1988 Ed Jurak
(Tacoma Tigers, SS)
[4]
1989 Scott Coolbaugh
(Oklahoma City 89ers, 3B)
Mark Lemke
(Richmond Braves, 2B)
Tom Drees
(Vancouver Canadians, SP)
[4]
1990 Juan González
(Oklahoma City 89ers, DH)
Luis Sojo
(Syracuse Chiefs, 2B/SS)
Eddie Williams
(Las Vegas Stars, 3B)
[4]
1991 Jim Olander
(Denver Zephyrs, CF)
Steve Scarsone
(Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons, DH)
Gary Cooper
(Tucson Toros, 3B)
[4]
1992 Jim Tatum
(Denver Zephyrs, 3B)
Sam Militello
(Columbus Clippers, RP)
Tim Salmon
(Edmonton Trappers, RF)
[4]
1993 Roy Smith
(Buffalo Bisons, SP)
Ryan Klesko
(Richmond Braves, 1B)
Billy Ashley
(Albuquerque Dukes, RF)
[6]
1994 Ray Durham
(Nashville Sounds, 2B)
Luis Lopez
(Richmond Braves, DH)
Paul Faries
(Phoenix Firebirds, SS)
[6]
1995 Luis Lopez
(Buffalo Bisons, DH)
Howard Battle
(Syracuse Chiefs, 3B)
Riccardo Ingram
(Salt Lake Buzz, LF)
[6]
1996 Brook Fordyce
(Indianapolis Indians, C)
Huck Flener
(Syracuse SkyChiefs, RP)
Todd Walker
(Salt Lake Buzz, 2B)
[6]
1997 Magglio Ordóñez
(Nashville Sounds, CF)
Frank Catalanotto
(Toledo Mudhens, 2B)
Nate Minchey
(Colorado Springs Sky Sox, RP)
[6]

1998–present[edit]

Year IL MVP PCL MVP Other awards Ref.
Most Valuable Player Most Valuable Pitcher
1998 Mike Lowell
(Columbus Clippers, DH)
Terry Shumpert
(Colorado Springs Sky Sox, SS)
[18]
1999 Russell Branyan
(Buffalo Bisons, DH)
Daryle Ward
(New Orleans Zephyrs, 1B)
[18]
2000 Javier De La Hoya
(Rochester Red Wings, RP)
Joe Vitiello
(Las Vegas Stars, 1B)
Joe Vitiello
(PCL – Las Vegas Stars, 1B)
Javier De La Hoya
(IL – Rochester Red Wings, RP)
[18][22]
2001 Adam Dunn
(Louisville Riverbats, LF)
Juan Thomas
(Tacoma Rainiers, DH)
Adam Dunn
(IL – Louisville Riverbats, LF)
Rubén Quevedo
(PCL – Iowa Cubs, RP)
[18][22]
2002 Doug Linton
(Richmond Braves, SP)
Jack Cust
(Colorado Springs Sky Sox, DH)
Jack Cust
(PCL – Colorado Springs Sky Sox, DH)
Aaron Myette
(PCL – Oklahoma RedHawks, SP)
[18][22]
2003 Johnny Estrada
(Richmond Braves, C)
Jason Jones
(Oklahoma RedHawks, RF)
Johnny Estrada
(IL – Richmond Braves, C)
Sam Marsonek
(IL – Columbus Clippers, RF)
[13][22]
2004 Midre Cummings
(Durham Bulls, CF)
Dan Haren
(Memphis Redbirds, SP)
Andy Phillips
(IL – Columbus Clippers, 2B)
[13][22]
2005 Edwin Encarnación
(Louisville Bats, 3B)
Gerald Laird
(Oklahoma RedHawks, C)
Gerald Laird
(PCL – Oklahoma RedHawks, C)
[13][22]
2006 Kevin Witt
(Durham Bulls, 1B)
Rich Hill
(Iowa Cubs, SP)
Kevin Witt
(IL – Durham Bulls, 1B)
[13][22]
2007 Timo Pérez
(Toledo Mud Hens, LF/CF)
Valentino Pascucci
(Albuquerque Isotopes, DH)
Timo Pérez
(IL – Toledo Mud Hens, LF/CF)
[13][22]
2008 Andrew McCutchen
(Indianapolis Indians, CF)
Matthew Brown
(Salt Lake Bees, 3B)
David Purcey
(IL – Syracuse Chiefs, SP)
[9][22]
2009 Erik Kratz
(Indianapolis Indians, C)
Esteban Germán
(Oklahoma City RedHawks, 3B)
[9]
2010 Chase Lambin
(Syracuse Chiefs, 3B/1B)
Thomas Diamond
(Iowa Cubs, SP)
[9]
2011 Russ Canzler
(Durham Bulls, 3B)
David Cooper
(Las Vegas 51s, 1B)
[9]
2012 Matt Harvey
(Buffalo Bisons, RP)
Wil Myers
(Omaha Storm Chasers, LF)
[9]
2013 Tony Sanchez
(Indianapolis Indians, C)
Michael Wacha
(Memphis Redbirds, RP)
[19]
2014 Liam Hendriks
(Buffalo Bisons, SP)
Chris Taylor
(Tacoma Rainers, SS)
[19]
2015 Kyle Roller
(Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders, 1B)
Peter O'Brien
(Reno Aces, RF)
[19]
2016 Chris Marrero
(Pawtucket Red Sox, RF)
Travis Taijeron
(Las Vegas 51s, DH)
[19]
2017 Richie Shaffer
(Columbus Clippers, DH)
Renato Núñez
(Nashville Sounds, LF)
[19]
2018 Kean Wong
(Durham Bulls, 2B)
Josh Fuentes
(Albuquerque Isotopes, 3B)
[19]

Notable All-Stars[edit]

Sandy Alomar, Jr. (shown) and Ramón Martínez were the first two Triple-A All-Star participants to play in a Major League All-Star Game.[23]

Of the more than 1,200 players that have participated in the Triple-A All-Star Game,[24] 100 have also been selected for the Major League Baseball All-Star Game.[23] These players are:

Home Run Derby[edit]

Matt Davidson, who won the 2013 Triple-A Home Run Derby, hitting in the 2015 contest
Dariel Álvarez won the 2015 Triple-A Home Run Derby.
Chad Huffman won both the 2009 and 2018 Triple-A Home Run Derbies.

The Triple-A Home Run Derby is an annual home run hitting contest customarily held two days before the Triple-A All-Star Game.[25] Though the rules change from year to year, the most recent iteration featured six players, three from each league, competing to see who can hit the most home runs.[26]

Rob Stratton (2003 and 2007) and Chad Huffman (2009 and 2018) are the only participants to win the derby twice. Juan González is the only player to win the Triple-A Home Run Derby and the Major League Baseball Home Run Derby. He won the Triple-A version in 1990 and the MLB version in 1993.[27] The winners of each year's contest are as follows.[28]

Year Winner Team League
1988 Bob Geren Columbus Clippers IL
1989 Cancelled due to rain
1990 Juan González Oklahoma City 89ers AA
1991 Gary Cooper Tucson Toros PCL
Lee Stevens Edmonton Trappers PCL
1992 Not held
1993 Ryan Thompson Norfolk Tides IL
1994 Scott Coolbaugh Louisville Redbirds AA
1995 Ron Coomer Albuquerque Dukes PCL
1996 Greg Pirkl Tacoma Rainiers PCL
1997 Todd Helton Colorado Springs Sky Sox PCL
1998 Willis Otáñez Rochester Red Wings IL
1999 Scott Sheldon Oklahoma RedHawks PCL
2000 Luis Raven Calgary Cannons PCL
2001 Chris Latham Syracuse SkyChiefs IL
2002 Brandon Larson Louisville Bats IL
2003 Rob Stratton Albuquerque Isotopes PCL
2004 Bucky Jacobsen Tacoma Rainiers PCL
2005 Mitch Jones Colorado Springs Sky Sox PCL
2006 Andy Marte Buffalo Bisons IL
2007 Rob Stratton Retired
2008 Jamie D'Antona Tucson Sidewinders PCL
2009 Chad Huffman Portland Beavers PCL
2010 Dan Johnson Durham Bulls IL
2011 Stefan Gartrell Gwinnett Braves IL
2012 Valentino Pascucci Buffalo Bisons IL
2013 Matt Davidson Reno Aces PCL
2014 Allan Dykstra Las Vegas 51s PCL
2015 Dariel Álvarez Norfolk Tides IL
2016 Chris Marrero Pawtucket Red Sox IL
2017 Bryce Brentz Pawtucket Red Sox IL
2018 Chad Huffman Toledo Mud Hens IL

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
In-line citations
  1. ^ "Online Fan Voting Has Begun for 2017 Triple-A All-Star Game". Minor League Baseball. May 26, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Omaha Storm Chasers and Werner Park to Host 2015 Triple-A Baseball All-Star Game". Omaha Storm Chasers. Minor League Baseball. March 5, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Durham Lands 2014 Triple-A ASG". Minor League Baseball. February 20, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Triple-A All-Star Game Results (1988–1992)". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ Collins, Danny (June 29, 2017). "Collins: Is AAA All-Star Game a pipe dream for PNC Field? Hardly". The Times-Tribune. Retrieved July 12, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Triple-A All-Star Game Results (1993–1997)". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Bricktown Showdown To Determine Triple-A Baseball Champion" (PDF). Triple-A Baseball. July 12, 2006. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ "2017 Governors' Cup Playoffs Preview" (PDF). International League. August 11, 2017. p. 4. Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Triple-A All-Star Game Results (2008–2012)". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Triple-A All-Star Game to again be nationally televised". Minor League Baseball. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  11. ^ Wild, Danny (June 28, 2017). "Rosario, Weaver, Fisher named PCL All-Stars". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved June 28, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "2017 International League All-Star Team Announced" (PDF). Minor League Baseball. June 29, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Triple-A All-Star Game Results (2003–2007)". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  14. ^ @RainiersLand (July 11, 2017). "It's your 2017 PCL Triple-A All-Star team!" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  15. ^ @RainiersLand (July 11, 2017). "And now for the International League. Your 2017 Triple-A All-Star team!" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  16. ^ See http://www.dispatch.com/sports/20180711/pcl-batters-steal-triple-a-all-star-spotlight-at-huntington-park, reviewed July 18, 2018.
  17. ^ "Umpire Crew unveiled for 2017 Triple-A All-Star Game". Minor League Baseball. June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Triple-A All-Star Game Results (1998–2002)". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Triple-A All-Star Game Results (2013–present)". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  20. ^ "PCL All-Stars vs. INT All-Stars". MiLB.com. July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2018. 
  21. ^ "El Paso Will Host 2019 Triple-A All-Star Game". Ballpark Digest. January 26, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Triple-A All-Star Game Records" (PDF). Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "Triple-A All-Star Game – Participants". Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  24. ^ "All-Time Roster by Player" (PDF). Triple-A Baseball. Retrieved July 8, 2017. 
  25. ^ Speddon, Zach (June 22, 2017). "Tacoma to Host 2017 Triple-A All-Star Game". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  26. ^ Curto, Mike (July 10, 2017). "Triple-A Home Run Derby Preview". Booth, Justice and the American Pastime. Retrieved July 10, 2017. 
  27. ^ "All-Star Game Home Run Derby History". Major League Baseball. Retrieved July 12, 2017. 
  28. ^ "Triple-A All-Star Home Run Derby Winners". 2017 Pacific Coast League Sketch & Record Book. Pacific Coast League. 2017. p. 162. 

External links[edit]