Pawtucket Red Sox

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Pawtucket Red Sox
Founded in 1970
Pawtucket, Rhode Island
PawtucketRedSox.pngPawtucketRedSoxCap.png
Team logoCap insignia
Class-level
Current Triple-A (1973–present)
Previous Double-A (1970–1972)
Minor league affiliations
League International League
Division North Division
Previous leagues
Eastern League (1970–1972)
Major league affiliations
Current Boston Red Sox (1970–present)
Minor league titles
League titles (4)
  • 1973
  • 1984
  • 2012
  • 2014
Division titles (7)
  • 1977
  • 1991
  • 1994
  • 1996
  • 2003
  • 2011
  • 2013
Team data
Nickname Pawtucket Red Sox (1970–1975, 1977–present)
Previous names
Rhode Island Red Sox (1976)
Colors Navy, red, white, light blue
                   
Ballpark McCoy Stadium (1970–present)
Owner(s)/
Operator(s)
Larry Lucchino and partners
Manager TBD
General Manager Dan Rea
Media NESN
Pawsox Radio Network
Female mascot, Sox. The male mascot is Paws.

The Pawtucket Red Sox (known colloquially as the PawSox) are a professional minor league baseball team based in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The team is a member of the International League and is the Triple-A affiliate of the Boston Red Sox. It plays its home games at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket, and is the only professional baseball team in Rhode Island. Its most recent championship win was in 2014.

The franchise was first established in the Double-A Eastern League in 1970. Three years later, Boston's Triple-A affiliate in the International League replaced the Eastern League PawSox. After enduring three different owners, at least two threats to move the team elsewhere, and bankruptcy, the PawSox were purchased from the International League by local industrialist Ben Mondor in January 1977. Over the next 38 years, Mondor (who died in 2010) and his heirs stabilized the franchise and turned it into a success; it was twice (1990 and 2003) selected the winner of Baseball America's Bob Freitas Award as the top Triple-A operation in minor league baseball,[1] led the league in total attendance three times between 2004 and 2008,[2] and won three Governors' Cups as playoff champions.

On February 23, 2015, the team was sold to a group headed by then-Boston Red Sox president and chief executive officer Larry Lucchino and Rhode Island attorney James J. Skeffington. Thwarted in two attempts to replace McCoy Stadium with a new facility (first in adjacent Providence, then in a downtown site in Pawtucket), the PawSox announced on August 17, 2018, that they will move to Worcester, Massachusetts, 42 miles (68 km) away, in 2021.

Team history[edit]

Eastern League franchise (1970–72)[edit]

The first team to be dubbed the Pawtucket Red Sox debuted at McCoy Stadium in 1970 as a member of the Double-A Eastern League. The franchise, owned by former Major League shortstop Joe Buzas, had spent the previous five seasons (1965–69) as the Pittsfield Red Sox after playing in four different Pennsylvania cities—Allentown, Johnstown, York and Reading—over seven years (1958–64).

After three seasons, Pawtucket's Eastern League franchise moved to Bristol, Connecticut, in 1973 to make room for the Triple-A PawSox, the former Louisville Colonels of the International League.

Carlton Fisk, the future Baseball Hall of Fame catcher, played for the Eastern League PawSox in 1970. Shortstop Rick Burleson and first baseman Cecil Cooper are among the players who toiled for both the Double-A and Triple-A versions of the team. This first edition of the PawSox franchise played for ten seasons as the Bristol Red Sox and then spent 33 seasons (1983–2015) in New Britain, Connecticut, the last 21 of them as the Rock Cats. In 2016, the Rock Cats moved to Connecticut's capital city, and were rechristened the Hartford Yard Goats.

The Cleveland Indians had also placed an Eastern League club in Pawtucket, in 1966–67. The Pawtucket Indians moved to Waterbury, Connecticut, in 1968. The Pawtucket Slaters, a Boston Braves farm club in the Class B New England League, represented the city from 1946 to 1949, when the NEL disbanded.

Roots in Toronto and Louisville[edit]

The Triple-A team that is now the Pawtucket Red Sox began in 1896 as the Toronto Maple Leafs. After the American Association and its Louisville Colonels franchise folded in 1962 and the American League owners voted down Charlie O. Finley's agreement to move the Kansas City A's to Louisville in 1964, Louisville was ready for the return of baseball. In 1968 the Maple Leafs, the Red Sox' top minor league club since 1965, were bought by Walter J. Dilbeck and moved to Louisville where they became the new Louisville Colonels and retained their affiliation with the Red Sox. They played at Fairgrounds Stadium on the Kentucky State Fairgrounds. While in Louisville, star players included Carlton Fisk (1971), Dwight Evans (1972), and Cecil Cooper (1972). The Louisville Colonels made the International League playoffs in 1969 and 1972.

Early struggles and bankruptcy (1973–76)[edit]

However, in 1972, the Kentucky State Fair Board remodeled Cardinal Stadium so it could accommodate football. The renovations made the stadium unsuitable for baseball; among other things, it was far too large for a Triple-A team. However, the stadium was later used by the latter-day Louisville Redbirds club, setting minor league attendance records and outdrawing several major league teams. Following the 1972 season, the Louisville Colonels moved to Pawtucket and became the Pawtucket Red Sox, with Buzas taking over as owner.

The first Triple-A team was a success on the field, led by future major leaguers Cecil Cooper and Dick Pole, winning the 1973 Governors' Cup Championship in their inaugural year in the league over the Charleston Charlies which they followed up by defeating the Tulsa Oilers of the American Association to win the Junior World Series. The following season they finished 30 games below .500 and lost an estimated $40,000. Buzas then sold the team to Philip Anez, a Smithfield advertising executive, in January 1975.[3]

While the parent club was on their way to the 1975 World Series, the 1975 PawSox finished with a 53–87 mark. The team changed its name to the Rhode Island Red Sox for the 1976 season, but little changed on the field with a third straight sub-.500 season and falling attendance. Anez threatened to move his club to Jersey City, New Jersey. After the season, the franchise went bankrupt, unable to pay off $2 million worth of debt. The International League took it over, then awarded it in December 1976 to Massachusetts businessman Marvin Adelson, who renamed the team the New England Red Sox—and explored transferring it to Worcester. But after less than two months, in January 1977, the league revoked Adelson's franchise, alleging "nonperformance of terms and conditions".[4]

The Ben Mondor era (1977–2015)[edit]

Although it appeared the Red Sox's stay in the Pawtucket area was about to come to an end, retired Lincoln businessman Ben Mondor stepped in and made sure the team remained in the city. Mondor was granted a brand-new franchise and restored the name to the Pawtucket Red Sox. However, it retained the old team's history and affiliation with the big-league Red Sox. Nonetheless, it was really in 1977 that the current Pawtucket Red Sox, and PawSox, were born.

Mondor's tenure began inauspiciously. While the PawSox rebounded to win the regular-season pennant, they only drew 1,000 fans per game—believed to be the fewest for a first-place team in the history of the International League. That year's edition of the PawSox fell in the Governors' Cup finals to Charleston in four straight games. However, it won its second league championship in 1984, and drew almost 199,000 fans, second in the league.

After several years of playing in a stadium that was barely suitable for a Triple-A team, in 1998 Mondor and team president Mike Tamburro oversaw the transformation of McCoy Stadium from an aging 1942 relic into its renovated form. While they kept the price of tickets at $6 and $10,[5] parking is free. The PawSox led the league in attendance in 2008, when 636,788 fans saw baseball at McCoy, an average of 9,097 for each of the 70 openings. In 2005, they set a franchise record with 688,421 tickets sold during the year.[6] Kevin Youkilis played for the team in 2003, and completed a streak he started while in Portland: he reached base in 71 consecutive games, tying future teammate Kevin Millar's minor-league records for consecutive games reaching base.

In addition to their success at the box office, the PawSox have excelled on the field. In 2000, Pawtucket set an all-time franchise record for victories with 82, as the team completed their fifth-straight winning season. Three years later the PawSox would top their own record by winning 83 games. In 2008, they won 85 games. The 1984 team defeated the now-defunct Maine Guides 3–2 to win the 1984 Governors' Cup trophy for their second championship in Pawtucket Red Sox history. In 2012, the PawSox defeated the Charlotte Knights to win the Governors' Cup for a third time. A fourth title was won in 2014 when the PawSox took down the Durham Bulls in five games.

The origins of PawSox are traced back to the first season in which Mondor owned the club. Three weeks before the 1977 season began the team lacked uniforms. BoSox vice president Haywood Sullivan stepped in and sent Pawtucket 48 sets of old home and away uniforms from the parent club. Although the home uniforms were fine for the team to use, the road uniforms had "Boston" stitched across the chest, which was a problem. Tamburro suggested using the name "PawSox" across the front, with each unstitched "Boston" letter replaced with one that spelled "PawSox". Thus, the PawSox name was born out of the necessity of a uniform crisis.

Mondor died on October 3, 2010, at the age of 85. His widow, Madeleine, became the new majority owner of the PawSox.[7]

Sale and Rhode Island stadium plans (2015–18)[edit]

On November 29, 2014, it was reported that members of the Boston Red Sox' ownership group were in the process of purchasing the PawSox from Madeleine Mondor and two long-time executives who also held stock in the team: president Tamburro and vice president and general manager Lou Schwechheimer.[8]

Nearly three months later, on February 23, the sale to Lucchino, Skeffington and their partners was formally announced. Lucchino added the title of chairman of the PawSox to his Boston responsibilities, and Skeffington became club president. Other partners included Rhode Island businessmen Bernard Cammarata, William P. Egan, Habib Gorgi, J. Terrence Murray and Thomas M. Ryan, as well as Fenway Sports Management (a division of the BoSox' parent company, Fenway Sports Group), and two limited partners in FSG, Arthur E. Nicholas and Frank M. Resnek.[9]

That day, the new owners also announced their intention to move the team out of McCoy Stadium and build a new baseball park six miles (9.65 km) to the south in downtown Providence, and begin play there as early as 2017.[10] Skeffington said the club would be renamed the Rhode Island Red Sox upon the move.[10] That name was previously used by the 1976 edition of the PawSox, before Mondor purchased the team and restored its Pawtucket identity. In the weeks following announcement of the sale, Skeffington led a media tour of the proposed new stadium site on the Providence River and, with Lucchino, served as a point person in negotiations with state and local officials over public financing arrangements for the new park.[11][12]

However, Skeffington, 73, died from an apparent heart attack while jogging near his Barrington home on May 17, 2015,[13] disrupting the team's efforts to secure an agreement with Rhode Island officials.[14] Then, on August 1, Lucchino announced his retirement as the CEO and president of the Boston Red Sox, effective at the end of the 2015 season.

In September, Governor Gina Raimondo told Lucchino that the riverfront parcel, consisting of public land formerly occupied by Interstate 195 and private property owned by Brown University, "was not suitable and there were too many obstacles that remained."[15] In the wake of the setback, Lucchino said that the team preferred to remain in Rhode Island, but neither he nor other PawSox officials immediately commented about possible alternative locations. In the ensuing weeks, reports surfaced that Worcester and two other Massachusetts cities—Springfield and Fall River—might bid for the team.[16]

On November 5, Skeffington's position was filled when Dr. Charles Steinberg, longtime Lucchino aide and public affairs and PR executive with four big-league teams, including the Red Sox, became club president. Tamburro remained on board as vice chairman, and Dan Rea III became the PawSox' new general manager, after Schwechheimer departed to join an ownership group that purchased the Triple-A New Orleans Zephyrs.[17] Amidst the uncertainty over its longterm home, Steinberg committed the team to remaining in Pawtucket for five seasons, through 2020, and to rebuilding its relationship with its fans.[18]

During the summer of 2016, the city, state and team began a feasibility study to determine the extent of needed renovations to McCoy Stadium. That study concluded that renovating McCoy would cost $68 million, while building a new stadium on the site would cost $78 million. On May 16, 2017, a downtown Pawtucket stadium proposal, The Ballpark at Slater Mill, was jointly announced by Lucchino and Pawtucket's mayor, Donald Grebien. The ballpark, to be built on a site bracketed by Interstate 95 and the Blackstone River,[19] would cost an estimated $83 million, with the team footing $45 million, the state $23 million, and the city the remaining $15 million.[20] But when the stadium project went before the Rhode Island General Assembly in 2018, the financing formula was amended to shift the risk of borrowing money from the state to investors, thus exposing them to potentially higher interest rates. The amended bill passed, and was signed into law by Raimondo on June 29, 2018.

Pawtucket era ends[edit]

The new financing arrangement was rejected by the PawSox ownership.[21] On August 17, 2018, the team announced that it will relocate to a new stadium in Worcester in 2021, when it will reportedly change its identity to the Worcester Red Sox.[22] The stadium will be part of a $240 million redevelopment of Worcester's Kelley Square and Canal District. The move would end the team's history in Pawtucket after 51 seasons.

Alluding to "controversy, disagreement and opposition", apparently on the part of Rhode Island legislators who changed the Pawtucket stadium's financing formula, Lucchino said that a 35-page letter of intent had been signed with Worcester's mayor and city manager for the downtown ballpark project to house the relocated team. The announcement capped a concerted three-year effort by Worcester and Massachusetts officials and local business leaders to woo the PawSox to anchor a downtown redevelopment that includes the stadium, new housing, a hotel, a parking garage and redesign of the Kelley Square intersection.[22]

Lucchino announced that the stadium will be designed by Janet Marie Smith, architect of Baltimore's Camden Yards. Expected to open in April 2021 and projected to cost between $86 million and $90 million,[22] it will seat 10,000 spectators and be called Polar Park through a sponsorship and naming rights agreement with Polar Beverages, which is headquartered in Worcester. Details of the letter of intent were not disclosed, pending its review by the Worcester City Council and Minor League Baseball.[23] In September 2018, Deadspin reported that, according to College of the Holy Cross sports economist Victor Matheson, Polar Park would be "in nominal terms the most expensive minor league ballpark ever built."[24] On September 13, 2018, the Worcester City Council voted 9–1 to move forward with the new ballpark, initiating the bonding process and TIFs for the surrounding area.[25]

"The Longest Game"[edit]

The PawSox played in and won the longest game in professional baseball history, a 33-inning affair against the Rochester Red Wings at McCoy Stadium. The game started on April 18, 1981. Play was suspended at 4:07 a.m. at the end of the 32nd inning. The game did not resume again until June 23 when the Red Wings returned to Pawtucket. Only one inning was needed, with the PawSox winning 3–2 in the bottom of the 33rd when first baseman Dave Koza drove in the leadoff hitter, second baseman Marty Barrett, with a bases-loaded single off Steve Grilli, the Red Wings losing pitcher who was not even on the team’s roster back in April. Cliff Speck finished the game for Rochester giving up the final game-winning hit. Future major league Hall of Fame players Cal Ripken Jr. and Wade Boggs played in the game.

On June 23, 2006, the PawSox celebrated the 25th anniversary of "The Longest Game" with events and festivities when they played the Columbus Clippers.

The 35th anniversary was also commemorated on April 19, 2016.

Perfect games[edit]

  • Tomo Ohka pitched a nine-inning perfect game for the Pawtucket Red Sox on June 1, 2000. Ohka retired all 27 batters he faced in a 2–0 win over the Charlotte Knights, and he needed just 76 pitches to toss the first nine-inning perfect game in the International League since 1952.
  • On August 10, 2003, Bronson Arroyo pitched the fourth nine-inning perfect game in the 121-year history of the International League as the PawSox beat the Buffalo Bisons 7–0 at McCoy Stadium. He needed 101 pitches to throw his masterpiece (73 strikes), struck out nine, and got 10 fly outs and eight ground outs from the Buffalo 27 batters. He went to a three-ball count to just three hitters all game. At the end of the month, he was promoted to the majors, and remained with the Red Sox until the 2005–06 offseason, when the Red Sox traded him to the Cincinnati Reds for Wily Mo Pena.

Halls of fame[edit]

Several PawSox players and personnel have been inducted into the International League Hall of Fame. They are owner Ben Mondor, manager Joe Morgan, outfielder Jim Rice, third baseman Wade Boggs, and then-team president Mike Tamburro, now their Vice Chairman. Several former PawSox players have also been inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, including Carlton Fisk, Boggs and Rice. On July 29, 2016, Rice, Boggs, and Mondor (represented by his widow Madeleine) became the inaugural class of inductees into the PawSox Hall of Fame.[26] The second class consists of Morgan and first baseman Mo Vaughn, who were inducted on July 23, 2017,[27] and Fisk, whose induction was held on August 27, 2017.[28] On March 1, 2018, the PawSox announced that former player Fred Lynn and Tamburro will be inducted as the third class on May 26.[29]

Titles[edit]

The PawSox have won the Governors' Cup, the championship of the IL, four times, and played in the championship series nine times. They have also played in the championship of Triple-A baseball on three occasions: in 1973 they defeated the Tulsa Oilers 4 games to 1 in the Junior World Series, in 2012 they fell to the Reno Aces 10–3 in the Triple-A National Championship Game, and in 2014, the team was defeated by the Omaha Storm Chasers 4-2.

Notable former players[edit]

(*) = rehab assignment

Yearly results[edit]

Year W L Pct. Finish GA/GB Manager
1970 68 70 .493 4th Eastern League −9.5 Matt Sczesny
1971 63 76 .453 7th Eastern League −16 Billy Gardner
1972 61 79 .436 7th Eastern League −23 Don Lock
1973 78 68 .534 2nd International League* −1 Darrell Johnson
1974 57 87 .396 4th International League −31 Joe Morgan
1975 53 87 .379 8th International League −32.5 Joe Morgan
1976 68 70 .493 5th International League −20 Joe Morgan
1977 80 60 .571 1st International League +2 Joe Morgan
1978 81 59 .579 2nd International League −4 Joe Morgan
1979 66 74 .471 5th International League −19.5 Joe Morgan
1980 62 77 .446 7th International League −20.5 Joe Morgan
1981 67 73 .479 6th International League −21.5 Joe Morgan
1982 67 71 .489 5th International League −14.5 Joe Morgan
1983 56 83 .403 8th International League −26.5 Tony Torchia
1984 75 65 .536 4th International League* −7.5 Tony Torchia
1985 48 91 .345 8th International League −30.5 Rac Slider
1986 74 65 .532 3rd International League −5.5 Ed Nottle
1987 73 67 .521 4th International League −8 Ed Nottle
1988 63 79 .444 3rd IL East −14.5 Ed Nottle
1989 62 84 .425 4th IL East −21.5 Ed Nottle
1990 62 84 .425 4th IL East −27.5 Ed Nottle (through 6/26)

Johnny Pesky (from 6/27)

1991 79 64 .552 1st IL East +3.5 Butch Hobson
1992 71 72 .497 2nd IL East −13.5 Rico Petrocelli
1993 60 82 .423 4th IL East −14.5 Buddy Bailey
1994 78 64 .549 1st IL East +7 Buddy Bailey
1995 70 71 .492 3rd IL East −2.5 Buddy Bailey
1996 78 64 .549 1st IL East +5.5 Buddy Bailey
1997 81 60 .574 2nd IL East −2 Ken Macha
1998 77 64 .546 3rd IL North −3 Ken Macha
1999 76 68 .528 2nd IL North −2 Gary Jones
2000 82 61 .573 3rd IL North −3 Gary Jones
2001 60 82 .423 5th IL North −31 Gary Jones
2002 60 84 .417 5th IL North −31 Buddy Bailey
2003 83 61 .576 1st IL North +4 Buddy Bailey
2004 73 71 .507 2nd IL North −10 Buddy Bailey
2005 75 69 .521 2nd IL North −7 Ron Johnson
2006 69 75 .479 5th IL North −16 Ron Johnson
2007 67 75 .472 4th IL North −16.5 Ron Johnson
2008 85 58 .594 2nd IL North −2.5 Ron Johnson
2009 61 82 .427 5th IL North −21 Ron Johnson
2010 66 78 .458 4th IL North −21.5 Torey Lovullo
2011 81 61 .570 1st IL North +2 Arnie Beyeler
2012 79 65 .549 2nd IL North* −5 Arnie Beyeler
2013 80 63 .559 1st IL North +3.5 Gary DiSarcina
2014 79 65 .549 2nd IL North* −2.5 Kevin Boles
2015 59 85 .410 6th IL North −22 Kevin Boles
2016 74 68 .521 4th IL North −16.5 Kevin Boles
2017 67 75 .472 4th IL North −19.5 Kevin Boles
2018 66 73 .475 3rd IL North −17.5 Kevin Boles

(*= Won Governors' Cup)

Playoff history[edit]

Year W L Result Round W L Result Round W L Result Round
1973 3 2 Beat Tidewater 1st round of playoffs 3 2 Beat Charleston Governors' Cup championship 4 1 Beat Tulsa Junior World Series
1977 3 1 Beat Richmond 1st round of playoffs 0 4 Lost to Charleston Governors' Cup championship
1978 3 2 Beat Toledo 1st round of playoffs 3 4 Lost to Richmond Governors' Cup championship
1984 3 1 Beat Columbus 1st round of playoffs 3 2 Beat Maine Governors' Cup championship
1986 1 3 Lost to Rochester 1st round of playoffs
1987 1 3 Lost to Tidewater 1st round of playoffs
1991 0 3 Lost to Columbus Governors' Cup championship
1992 1 3 Lost to Scranton IL East championship
1994 1 3 Lost to Syracuse IL East championship
1996 1 3 Lost to Rochester IL East championship
1997 1 3 Lost to Rochester IL East championship
2003 3 2 Beat Ottawa 1st round of playoffs 0 3 Lost to Durham Governors' Cup championship
2008 1 3 Lost to Scranton 1st round of playoffs
2011 0 3 Lost to Lehigh 1st round of playoffs
2012 3 1 Beat Scranton 1st round of playoffs 3 0 Beat Charlotte Governors' Cup championship 0 1 Lost to Reno Triple-A National Championship
2013 3 2 Beat Rochester 1st round of playoffs 1 3 Lost to Durham Governors' Cup championship
2014 3 0 Beat Syracuse 1st round of playoffs 3 2 Beat Durham Governors' Cup championship 0 1 Lost to Omaha Triple-A National Championship

Current roster[edit]

Pawtucket Red Sox roster
Players Coaches/Other

Pitchers

Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders


Manager

Coaches


Injury icon 2.svg 7-day disabled list
* On Boston Red Sox 40-man roster
# Rehab assignment
∞ Reserve list
‡ Restricted list
§ Suspended list
† Temporary inactive list
Roster updated August 30, 2018
Transactions
→ More rosters: MiLB • International League
Boston Red Sox minor league players

Triple-A managerial history[edit]

Name Record Win Pct. Duration
Darrell Johnson 78–68 .534 1973
Joe Morgan 601–658 .477 1974–82
Tony Torchia 131–148 .470 1983–84
Rac Slider 48–91 .345 1985
Ed Nottle 302–338 .472 1986–90 (June 26)
Johnny Pesky 32–41 .438 1990 (June 27 – September 3)
Butch Hobson 79–64 .552 1991
Rico Petrocelli 71–72 .497 1992
Buddy Bailey 502–497 .503 1993–96
2002–04
Ken Macha 158–124 .560 1997–98
Gary Jones 218–211 .508 1999–2001
Ron Johnson 357–359 .499 2005–2009
Torey Lovullo 66–78 .458 2010
Arnie Beyeler 160–126 .559 2011–2012
Gary DiSarcina 80–63 .559 2013
Kevin Boles 288–301 .489 2014–2018
Totals 3171–3239 .495 1973–2018

Broadcasters[edit]

Pawtucket is a springboard for Major League Baseball broadcasters. As of 2015, there are six former PawSox radio and two television announcers broadcasting for Major League Baseball teams. First are the years with the teams they have broadcast for, and second are the years the broadcaster was with the Red Sox.

In addition, Dan Hoard is now the broadcaster for the NFL's Cincinnati Bengals. He was with the PawSox from 2006 to 2011. On April 24, 2013, it was announced that current broadcaster Bob Socci would become the New England Patriots play-by-play broadcaster starting with the 2013 season.[30]

The announcers for the Pawsox Radio Network are Josh Maurer and Will Flemming.[31]

Other former Pawtucket announcers include Bob Kurtz of the NHL's Minnesota Wild, Dave Shea, who spent time with the Washington Nationals, Bob Rodgers, Jack LeFaivre, Matt Pinto, and Mike Stenhouse.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Baseball America Awards". Baseball America. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  2. ^ Johnson, Lloyd; Wolff, Miles (2008). The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball (2nd ed.). Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America. pp. 561–724. ISBN 978-1-932391-17-6.
  3. ^ Boston Globe archives, 9 January 1975
  4. ^ United Press International (19 January 1977). "IL Withdraws RI Sox Franchise Offer". The Boston Globe archives. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  5. ^ PawSox.com – PawSox Tickets
  6. ^ "International League: Attendance". www.milb.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  7. ^ The Providence Journal, 2011-5-16
  8. ^ Some Red Sox owners poised to purchase PawSox Boston Globe 2014-11-29
  9. ^ Pawtucket Red Sox official website
  10. ^ a b WJAR-TV, 2015-2-23
  11. ^ Bramson, Kate, "PawSox owners want state lease, 30 years of property tax abatements for new Providence stadium," Providence Journal, 2015-04-15
  12. ^ "PawSox Seek Meeting with Raimondo," Rhode Island Public Radio, 2015-04-25
  13. ^ "PawSox owner Jim Skeffington dies," Providence Journal, 2015-05-18
  14. ^ Bramson, Kate (June 2, 2015). "Lucchino says PawSox stadium proposal will take more time". Providence Journal. Retrieved 2015-06-03.
  15. ^ Bramson, Kate (September 20, 2015). "PawSox riverfront site is off; no word about alternative Providence site". The Providence Journal. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
  16. ^ Kinney, Jim (October 6, 2015). "Fall River makes first pitch for Pawtucket Red Sox". MassLive.com. Retrieved 2015-10-22.
  17. ^ MiLB.com, November 30, 2015
  18. ^ The Associated Press, 2015-11-09
  19. ^ WPRI.com, 2017-05-16
  20. ^ Bramson, Kate (May 16, 2017). "PawSox, city reveal stadium financing framework". Providence Journal. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  21. ^ Anderson, Patrick (August 17, 2018). "PawSox Plan to Move to Worcester; Team Says R.I. House is to Blame". The Providence Journal. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
  22. ^ a b c Chesto, Jon (August 17, 2018). "It's Official: PawSox to Move to Worcester". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  23. ^ Vautour, Matt (August 18, 2018). "PawSox Moving to Worcester". MassLive.com. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  24. ^ deMause, Neil (September 10, 2018). "The Stadium Scam Goes Minor-League, And It Has An Unlikely Ally". Deadspin. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  25. ^ Reichard, Kevin (September 13, 2018). "Worcester Moves Forward on New Ballpark Deal". Ballpark Digest. August Publications. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  26. ^ Young, Ryan. "Johnson, PawSox Blank Scranton on Hall of Fame Night". www.milb.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  27. ^ Pawtucket Red Sox. "PawSox Hall Of Fame Induction of Mo Vaughn and Joe Morgan set for July 23". www.milb.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  28. ^ Pawtucket Red Sox. "Carlton Fisk's Induction into the Pawsox Hall of Fame Caps Final Weekend of the Season". www.milb.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  29. ^ Pawtucket Red Sox. "Fred Lynn and Mike Tamburro to be Inducted as the 3rd Ever PawSox Hall of Fame Class in 2018". www.milb.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  30. ^ Socci Named Patriots Radio Play-By-Play Announcer On 98.5 The Sports Hub
  31. ^ PawSox.com – The Pawtucket Red Sox Front Office

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pittsfield Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
Double-A affiliate

1970–1972
Succeeded by
Bristol Red Sox
Preceded by
Louisville Colonels
Boston Red Sox
Triple-A affiliate

1973–present
Succeeded by
incumbent