Tsiang Tingfu

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Tsiang Tingfu
Jiang Tingfu.jpg
Born (1895-12-07)7 December 1895
Shaoyang, Qing China
Died 9 October 1965(1965-10-09) (aged 69)
New York City, United States
Nationality Republic of China
Known for Qing, Modern Chinese history
Scientific career
Fields Historian
Tsiang Tingfu
Chinese 蔣廷黻

Tsiang Tingfu (Chinese: 蔣廷黻; pinyin: Jiǎng Tíngfú; 17 February 1895 – 9 October 1965) was a historian and diplomat of the Republic of China. Tsiang was born in Shaoyang in Hunan Province. Tsiang's education from his teenage years had been Western and largely Christian, and he converted to Christianity at the age of 11. Having been urged to study in the U.S. by his teacher from a missionary school, in 1911, he was sent to study in the United States, where he attended the Park Academy, Oberlin College and Columbia University. His dissertation, "Labor and Empire: A Study of the Reaction of British Labor, Mainly as Represented in Parliament, to British Imperialism Since 1880," led him into issues in the relation of foreign relations and domestic politics which would structure his scholarship after he returned to China. After obtaining a Ph.D., he returned to China in 1923, where he first took up a position at Nankai University and then at Tsinghua University.[1]

At Tsinghua, he became the head of the History Department, where he edited and published a number of works on Chinese history and published the English-language journal Chinese Social and Political Science Review. Using newly opened Qing dynasty archives and diplomatic publications, Tsiang argued that China should adopt Western approaches if it wanted to score diplomatic victories. Tsiang blamed China's unequal treatment by Western powers after the First Opium War (1839–42) on the Chinese unequal treatment of Western powers before the war. During his tenure at Tsinghua, he mentored a number of historians in the study of Qing history, including John K. Fairbank.[2]

Following mounting tensions in China's relations with Japan, Tsiang left academia in 1935 and joined the Chinese Nationalist government, which he served in many different capacities throughout the Sino-Japanese War. In 1945, Tsiang became the Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, and he subsequently also served as the ambassador of China to the United States. Following the establishment of the People's Republic of China on the Chinese mainland, Tsiang defended the exclusive right of the Taipei-based Republic of China to represent China in the United Nations and in the Security Council. He died of cancer in New York City on 9 October 1965, aged 69.[3]

1954 television interview


  1. ^ "Chiang T'ing-fu," Howard Boorman, Biographical Dictionary of Republican China Volume I (New York, Columbia University Press, 1967), 354-358).
  2. ^ "T.F. Tsiang and Modernization," John King Fairbank, China Bound: A Fifty Year Memoir (New York: Harper & Row, 1982), 85-93
  3. ^ "Events From Day to Day". Taiwan Today. 1 November 1965. Retrieved 5 April 2018. 


  • Jiang Tingfu, Zhongguo jindaishi dagang (Outline of Modern Chinese History) (Chongqing: Qingnian shudian, 1939; rpr. Beijing: Dongfang chubanshe, 1996).
  • T.F. Tsiang, (Crystal Lorch, ed.), Reminiscences of Ting-fu Fuller Tsiang: Oral History (New York: Columbia Center for Oral History, 1965.
  • Ting-fu Jiang, Jiang Ting Fu Xuan Ji 蔣廷黻選集 (Taibei: Wenxing, 1965 4 vols. Reprinted)
  • Charles Ronald Lilley, "Tsiang T'ing-Fu between Two Worlds, 1895-1935," (Doctoral Thesis University of Maryland, College Park, 1979).

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Quo Tai-chi
Permanent Representative and Ambassador of China to the United Nations
Succeeded by
Liu Chieh