This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Turba is a word used in Latin and Arabic languages. Its Latin meaning is uproar or crowd.
Latin word and derivatives
Relating to the meaning of "crowd", it may refer more specifically to any text in the biblical Passion of Jesus which is spoken by any group of people, including the disciples, the Jews, or the soldiers. In musical settings it has been broadened to refer to any direct address in the Passion, except the words of Jesus.
The term was further used during the Sandinista regime of Nicaragua in the late 1970s and 1980s, referring to crowds of boisterous, sometimes violent supporters.
Arabic word and derivatives
The second, related meaning, is that of earth, dirt, soil, ground. Shi'as may put their foreheads on a piece of clay ("dust") during prayers, which they call "turba", also written "turbah".
|Look up turba in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|