Tycho G

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Tycho G
SN1572.Companion.jpg
Tycho G as seen by Hubble
Credit: NASA, ESA, CXO and P. Ruiz-Lapuente (University of Barcelona)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Cassiopeia
Right ascension 00h 25m 23.59s[1]
Declination 64° 08′ 02.0″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 18.71[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type G0/1 IV[3]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) −79.22[2] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −2.50[2] mas/yr
Dec.: −4.22[2] mas/yr
Distance 3,700[2] pc
Details
Mass 1.0[3] M
Radius 1.32 - 2.63[3] R
Luminosity 1.9 - 7.6[3] L
Surface gravity (log g) 4.0[2] cgs
Temperature 6,025[2] K
Metallicity −0.13[2]
Rotational velocity (v sin i) < 6[2] km/s
Age 5.7[2] Gyr
Other designations
2MASS J00252358+6408019, [RCM2004]+Tycho G
Database references
SIMBAD data

Tycho G has been proposed as the surviving binary companion star of the SN 1572 supernova event. The star is located about 12,000 light-years away in the constellation Cassiopeia. It is a subgiant, similar to our Sun in temperature, but more evolved and luminous.

Origin of the name[edit]

The supernova SN 1572 is often called "Tycho's supernova", named after Tycho Brahe who observed the "new star" in 1572. The postfix "G" originates from the candidate companion stars considered in a 2004 study, labelled Tycho A to Tycho V.[4]

Evidence for companion hypothesis[edit]

Tycho G is travelling away from us at nearly 80 km/s, much faster than the mean velocity of other stars in its stellar neighbourhood. It matches the properties of some models for the pre-supernova star system, although other studies exclude it.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cutri, R. M.; Skrutskie, M. F.; Van Dyk, S.; Beichman, C. A.; Carpenter, J. M.; Chester, T.; Cambresy, L.; Evans, T.; Fowler, J.; Gizis, J.; Howard, E.; Huchra, J.; Jarrett, T.; Kopan, E. L.; Kirkpatrick, J. D.; Light, R. M.; Marsh, K. A.; McCallon, H.; Schneider, S.; Stiening, R.; Sykes, M.; Weinberg, M.; Wheaton, W. A.; Wheelock, S.; Zacarias, N. (2003). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: 2MASS All-Sky Catalog of Point Sources (Cutri+ 2003)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: II/246. Originally published in: 2003yCat.2246....0C. 2246. Bibcode:2003yCat.2246....0C. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kerzendorf, Wolfgang E.; Yong, David; Schmidt, Brian P.; Simon, Joshua D.; Jeffery, C. Simon; Anderson, Jay; Podsiadlowski, Philipp; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Nomoto, Ken'Ichi; Murphy, Simon J.; Bessell, Michael S.; Venn, Kim A.; Foley, Ryan J. (2013). "A High-resolution Spectroscopic Search for the Remaining Donor for Tycho's Supernova". The Astrophysical Journal. 774 (2): 99. arXiv:1210.2713Freely accessible. Bibcode:2013ApJ...774...99K. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/774/2/99. 
  3. ^ a b c d González Hernández, Jonay I.; Ruiz-Lapuente, Pilar; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Foley, Ryan J.; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Simon, Joshua D. (2009). "The Chemical Abundances of Tycho G in Supernova Remnant 1572". The Astrophysical Journal. 691: 1. arXiv:0809.0601Freely accessible. Bibcode:2009ApJ...691....1G. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/691/1/1. 
  4. ^ Ruiz-Lapuente, Pilar; Comeron, Fernando; Méndez, Javier; Canal, Ramon; Smartt, Stephen J.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Kurucz, Robert L.; Chornock, Ryan; Foley, Ryan J.; Stanishev, Vallery; Ibata, Rodrigo (2004). "The binary progenitor of Tycho Brahe's 1572 supernova". Nature. 431 (7012): 1069. arXiv:astro-ph/0410673Freely accessible. Bibcode:2004Natur.431.1069R. doi:10.1038/nature03006. PMID 15510140. 
  5. ^ Pan, Kuo-Chuan; Ricker, Paul M.; Taam, Ronald E. (2014). "Search for Surviving Companions in Type Ia Supernova Remnants". The Astrophysical Journal. 792: 71. arXiv:1407.6829Freely accessible. Bibcode:2014ApJ...792...71P. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/71. 

External links[edit]