Bannered routes of U.S. Route 20

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U.S. Route 20 marker

U.S. Route 20
Highway system

Several bannered routes of U.S. Route 20 exist. In order from west to east they are as follows.

Existing[edit]

Toledo business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Business
Location: Toledo, Oregon

In Toledo, Oregon, U.S. Route 20 Business runs from an intersection with the main highway west of Toledo on the Toledo Frontage Road and 5th Street through Toledo and again on the Toledo Frontage Road to an intersection with the main highway east of Toledo. Business 20 in Toledo is also called Sharon Branstiter Memorial Drive, in memory of Toledo's former mayor.[1][2]

Bend business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Business
Location: Bend, Oregon

In Bend, Oregon, U.S. Route 20 Business runs from an intersection with the main highway north of Bend, south on East 1st Street, Deschutes Place, and Wall Street to Newport Avenue, concurrent with U.S. 97 Business, and then east on Newport Avenue and Greenwood Avenue to the main highway concurrent with East 3rd Avenue in Bend.

Sioux City business loop[edit]


U.S. Highway 20 Business
Location: South Sioux City, Nebraska
Sioux City, Iowa
Existed: 1979–present

U.S. Route 20 Business in the Sioux City area originates in Nebraska, at the junction of Dakota Avenue and Interstate 129 in South Sioux City. US 20 Bus. follows US 20's old alignment through South Sioux City before crossing into Iowa concurrently with U.S. Route 77. US 20 Bus. then joins with Interstate 29, for a very short distance before exiting onto Virginia Street and then Gordon Drive. U.S. 20 Bus. westbound traffic does not join I29, but skips it though a system of ramps. The route then follows Gordon Drive through central Sioux City to the US 20/US 75 bypass, where it rejoins US 20. US 20 Bus. in Sioux City is known officially as Iowa Highway 12, though Iowa 12 is signed as ending at Interstate 29 in western Sioux City.

Fort Dodge business loop[edit]


U.S. Highway 20 Business
Location: Fort Dodge, Iowa
Existed: 1990–present

In the Fort Dodge area, U.S. Route 20 Business begins at the western end of the current US 20 expressway near Moorland and follows US 20's former route through the city via Kenyon Road and 5th Avenue South. Just east of Fort Dodge's eastern city limits, US 20 Bus. turns south on Webster County Road P59, passing through several gypsum mining areas before rejoining the US 20 expressway in Coalville.

Freeport business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Business
Location: Freeport, Illinois

Rockford–Belvidere business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Business
Location: Rockford-Belvidere, Illinois

The longest Business U.S. Route 20 in Illinois runs 21 miles (34 km) from just west of Rockford to just east of Belvidere. The route begins just west of Weldon Road and runs as State Street into downtown Rockford, where it is split into two one-way streets (Chestnut Street, Walnut Street and First Avenue for eastbound traffic, Jefferson Street and Kilburn Avenue for westbound traffic). The route continues east along State Street all the way through Rockford and becomes a two-lane highway between Rockford and Belvidere. Business 20 is then routed in an outer loop around the city of Belvidere before merging back with US 20 near Genoa Road and Interstate 90 (Jane Addams Memorial Tollway).

South Bend business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Business
Location: South Bend, Indiana

Business U.S. 20 follows the former route of U.S. 20 through South Bend and Mishawaka, generally along Colfax Avenune and McKinley Avenue/McKinley Highway. Signage is inconsistent along parts of the route.[3]

Ohio alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 20A
Location: Pioneer-Maumee, Ohio
Length: 52.53 mi[4] (84.54 km)
Existed: 1935[5]–present

U.S. Route 20A is a 53 mile (85 km) long east–west alternate route of U.S. Route 20 located in northwest Ohio. The western terminus of the route is at US 20 south of Pioneer. The eastern terminus is at US 20 in Maumee, southwest of Toledo.

The route runs parallel to the Ohio Turnpike (Interstate 80 and Interstate 90) for much of its length, and interchanges with the Turnpike at exit 13 northeast of Montpelier.

US 20 and US 20A are never more than five miles (8 km) apart for the entire 50-mile (80 km) stretch through the Ohio farm country, with the main line of US 20 taking the more northerly route.

The current US 20A was designated U.S. Route 20S in 1932, which replaced State Route 271 which had run from US 20 south to Montpelier, truncated Ohio State Route 107, joined Ohio State Route 2, and followed a road formerly not on the state highway system through most of Lucas County. It became US 20A in 1935. US 20A was moved to its current location along SR 15 from State Routes 576 and 107 in 1964. (107 then reclaimed some of the miles that had been taken from it in 1932.)[5]

Silver Creek truck route[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Truck
Location: Silver Creek, New York

U.S. Route 20 Truck is a truck route of US 20 in Silver Creek, New York. The road begins at an intersection with US 20 in Silver Creek, goes along Central Avenue for a short time and merges in with NY 5. The two become concurrent for another mile on Howard Street where US 20 Truck ends at an intersection with US 20.[6]

New York alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 20A
Location: Hamburg-East Bloomfield, New York
Length: 83.59 mi[7] (134.53 km)
Existed: ca. 1939[8][9]–present

U.S. Route 20A (US 20A) is an 83.59-mile (134.53 km) east–west alternate route of US 20 in western New York. It leaves US 20 in Hamburg, a suburb of Buffalo, and rejoins it in East Bloomfield about five miles (8 km) west of Canandaigua, the county seat of Ontario County. While the main line of US 20 takes a direct path between Hamburg, Buffalo, and East Bloomfield via Avon, US 20A veers to the south to serve several villages and hamlets, including the villages of Geneseo and Warsaw. US 20A was assigned ca. 1939.

Former[edit]

Idaho alternate route[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Alternate
Location: Sugar City-Victor, Idaho

Elgin business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Business
Location: Elgin, Illinois
Length: 5.5 mi (8.9 km)
Existed: 1962–1984

U.S. Route 20 Business was a business loop along a former route of US 20 in Elgin, Illinois. The route began as Villa Street at a junction with US 20 Elgin Bypass in Southeast Elgin. Following Villa Street into downtown, it turned North briefly as Villa Court. Through downtown, Westbound traffic followed Center Street for one block to take Highland Avenue across the Fox River. Eastbound traffic turned from Highland Avenue onto State Street for one block to take Chicago Street across the river to Villa Court. West of State Street, both directions of traffic followed Highland Avenue and Larkin Avenue to the other end of the Elgin Bypass. This bannered route was created when US 20 was rerouted to the Elgin Bypass in 1962. The route was decommissioned in 1984.[10]

Chicago business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Business
Location: Chicago, Illinois
Length: 27.8 mi (44.7 km)
Existed: 1938–1968

U.S. Route 20 City was created in 1938 to roughly follow the former alignment of US 20 through Chicago while the main highway was routed around the city. From US 20 at the intersection of Lake Street and Mannheim Road, the city route went East on Lake Street. At Harlem Avenue it turned South to continue East on Washington Boulevard. At Garfield Park the route split, Eastbound traffic followed Warren Boulevard while Westbound traffic followed Washington Boulevard. Initially, opposing traffic traveled together on Washington Boulevard from Union Park to the South Branch Chicago River where it followed Wacker Drive to Michigan Avenue. When Chicago changed many downtown streets to one-way in 1955, Eastbound traffic followed Washington Boulevard while Westbound traffic followed Randolph Street. The route followed both streets to Michigan Avenue for four years before returning to Wacker Drive. At Michigan Avenue, the route joined U.S. Route 12 City to head South. The original route took 16th Street one block East to Indiana Avenue and thence to Cermak Road. In 1958, Eastbound traffic continued on Michigan to Cermak while Westbound traffic followed Indiana Avenue to 14th Street. The route followed Cermak Road to a short diagonal named Silverton Way to South Parkway (now Martin Luther King Drive). From there, the route followed Oakwood, Drexel, and Hyde Park Boulevards to Jackson Park. Traversing the park on what came to be known as part of Cornell Drive (Avenue), the route continued South on Stony Island Avenue, rejoining US 20 at 95th Street. In 1960, this route was redesignated as U.S. Route 20 Business. The Eastern end of the route was moved in 1963 to the Chicago Skyway as Toll Business U.S. Route 20 to rejoin the main highway at Indianapolis Boulevard at the state line. The route was decommissioned in 1968.[11]

Indiana alternate route[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Alternate
Location: Tremont-Michigan City, Indiana

South Bend bypass[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Bypass
Location: South Bend, Indiana
Length: 8.3 mi[12] (13.36 km)

Bypass U.S. 20 was the designation for the portion of the St. Joseph Valley Parkway during the period when it was only open between US 31 south of South Bend and US 20 to the west. When the freeway was extended north and US 31 was rerouted onto it, the Bypass 20 designation was removed. When the freeway was completed to the east reconnecting to US 20, the mainline US 20 designation was transferred to it, rather than the Bypass 20 designation being reapplied to it.[citation needed]

Osceola truck route[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Truck
Location: Osceola, Indiana

Elkhart truck route[edit]


U.S. Route 20 Truck
Location: Elkhart, Indiana

US 20N[edit]

US 20N was the designation for US 20 in northwest Ohio between the endpoints of US 20S during the period when that route existed (see Ohio alternate route section above).

Western Greater Cleveland alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 20A
Location: Rocky River-Cleveland, Ohio
Existed: 1971–1983

From 1971 to 1983, U.S. Route 20 Alternate ran concurrently with the current Alternate U.S. 6 from their common eastern terminus in the Ohio City neighborhood in Cleveland to U.S. 20/SR 113 in Rocky River.[5]

Eastern Greater Cleveland alternate route[edit]

U.S. Route 20A
Location: Cleveland-East Cleveland, Ohio
Existed: 1936–1967

U.S. Route 20 Alternate ran along Euclid Avenue, with Alternate U.S. 6, in Cleveland and East Cleveland from 1936 until 1967, when U.S. 20 was removed from U.S. 6 and run along Euclid Avenue from Superior Avenue in East Cleveland to Public Square in Cleveland.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Toledo Feb 20,2008 council meeting minutes
  2. ^ Road signs for Sharon Branstiter Memorial Drive
  3. ^ Google Street View, various dates between September 2007 and October 2011.
  4. ^ Mileages retrieved from Technical Services Straight Line Diagrams unless otherwise noted.
  5. ^ a b c d Official Transportation Map archive, Ohio Department of Transportation
  6. ^  Template:Yahoo maps is deprecated.›Yahoo!; Navteq (December 10, 2010). "overview map of US 20 Truck" (Map). Yahoo! Maps. Yahoo!. Retrieved December 10, 2010. [dead link]
  7. ^ "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 65–66. Retrieved January 31, 2010. 
  8. ^ New York Road Map for 1938 (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1938. 
  9. ^ New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company. 1939. 
  10. ^ Foust, Hal (1 December 1962). "Elgin Bypass is Dedicated by Gov. Kerner". Chicago Daily Tribune. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Illinois State Highway Maps". Illinois Digital Archives. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "INDOT Roadway Referencing System" (PDF).